long-term potentiation
noun Date: 1984 a long-lasting strengthening of the response of a postsynaptic nerve cell to stimulation across the synapse that occurs with repeated stimulation and is thought to be related to learning and long-term memory — abbreviation LTP

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

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  • Long-term potentiation — (LTP) is a persistent increase in synaptic strength following high frequency stimulation of a chemical synapse. Studies of LTP are often carried out in slices of the hippocampus, an important organ for learning and memory. In such studies,… …   Wikipedia

  • long-term potentiation — n a long lasting strengthening of the response of a postsynaptic nerve cell to stimulation across the synapse that occurs with repeated stimulation and is thought to be related to learning and long term memory abbr. LTP * * * a change in efficacy …   Medical dictionary

  • long-term potentiation — Increase in the strength of transmission at a synapse with repetitive use that lasts for more than a few minutes. As a form of long term synaptic plasticity it is important as a possible cellular basis of learning and memory storage. It has been… …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • long-term potentiation — noun a long lasting (hours in vitro, weeks to months in vivo) increase, typically in amplitude, of the response of a postsynaptic neuron to a particular pattern of stimuli from a presynaptic neuron Syn: LTP …   Wiktionary

  • Long-term memory — (LTM) is memory that can last as little as a few days or as long as decades. It differs structurally and functionally from working memory or short term memory, which ostensibly stores items for only around 20 seconds. Biologically, short term… …   Wikipedia

  • Long-term depression — (LTD), in neurophysiology, is the weakening of a neuronal synapse that lasts from hours to days. It results from either strong synaptic stimulation (as occurs in the cerebellar Purkinje cells) or persistent weak synaptic stimulation (as in the… …   Wikipedia

  • potentiation — noun Physiology the increase in strength of nerve impulses along pathways which have been used previously, either short term or long term …   English new terms dictionary

  • Potentialisation à long terme — Plasticité synaptique Neurosciences Niveaux d analyse Moléculaire • …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Short-term effects of alcohol — on the human body can take many forms. The drug alcohol, specifically ethanol, is a central nervous system depressant with a range of side effects. The amount and circumstances of consumption play a large part in determining the extent of… …   Wikipedia

  • LTP — Long Term Potentiation (Medical) * Linux Test Project (Computing » General) * Language Teaching Publications (Community » Educational) * Language Teaching Publications (Community » Media) * Long Term Predictor (Medical » Physiology) * Latest… …   Abbreviations dictionary

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