lithium
noun Etymology: New Latin, from lithia oxide of lithium, from Greek lithos Date: 1818 1. a soft silver-white element of the alkali metal group that is the lightest metal known and that is used especially in alloys and glass, in chemical synthesis, and in storage batteries — see element table 2. a salt of lithium (as lithium carbonate) used in psychiatric medicine

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

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  • Lithium — (pronEng|ˈlɪθiəm) is a chemical element with the symbol Li and atomic number 3. It is a soft alkali metal with a silver white color. Under standard conditions, it is the lightest metal and the least dense solid element. Like all alkali metals,… …   Wikipedia

  • LITHIUM — Le lithium est un métal blanc et brillant lorsqu’il est fraîchement coupé. Il a été découvert, en 1817, par Johann August Arfvedson dans un silicate d’aluminium naturel: le pétalite. Jöns Jacob Berzelius donna au nouvel élément, de numéro… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Lithium — Lithium, MO U.S. village in Missouri Population (2000): 0 Housing Units (2000): 1 Land area (2000): 0.001924 sq. miles (0.004984 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.001924 sq. miles (0.004984 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • lithium — [lith′ē əm] n. [ModL: name coined (1818) by BERZELIUS Baron Jöns Jakob for element discovered (1817) by his student A. Arfwedson (1792 1841), Swed chemist < LITHIA + IUM] 1. a soft, silver white, metallic chemical element, one of the alkali… …   English World dictionary

  • Lithium — es una canción de la banda de grunge Nirvana que apareció en el exitoso álbum Nevermind y que fue lanzada como el tercer single del álbum en 1992. Era una de las canciones más comunes en el repertorio de los conciertos de la banda, y es una de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • lithium — Symbol: Li Atomic number: 3 Atomic weight: 6.939 Socket silvery metal. First member of group 1 of the periodic table. Lithium salts are used in psychomedicine …   Elements of periodic system

  • lithium — ► NOUN 1) a light, soft, silver white reactive metallic chemical element. 2) a lithium salt used as a mood stabilizing drug. ORIGIN from Greek lithos stone …   English terms dictionary

  • Lithium — Lith i*um (l[i^]th [i^]*[u^]m), n. [NL., from Gr. li qeios of stone, fr. li qos stone.] (Chem.) A metallic element of the alkaline group, occurring in several minerals, as petalite, spodumene, lepidolite, triphylite, etc., and otherwise widely… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Lithium — Lithium, chemisches Zeichen: Li. Atomgewicht: 7,0 (H = 1), 87,5 (O = 100), ein Metall, welches 1817 von Arfvedson entdeckt wurde; es findet sich im oxydirten Zustande vorzüglich im Petalit, Spodumen, Amblygonit, in geringerer Menge im Triphyllin …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Lithĭum — Li, Alkalimetall, findet sich stets in Begleitung von andern Alkalimetallen, als Silikat im Petalit (2,7–3,7 Proz. Li2O), Lithionglimmer oder Lepidolith (1,3–5,7 Proz.), Spodumen (3,8–5,6 Proz.), Triphan, Kastor, Turmalin, als Phosphat im… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Lithium — Lithĭum (chem. Zeichen Li), ein Alkalimetall, findet sich im Petalit, Spodumen, Amblygonit, Turmalin, Lepidolith und in vielen Mineralwässern, aber meist nur in Spuren; Atomgewicht 7. Das Metall, aus dem Chlorid durch Elektrolyse gewonnen, ist… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

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