lingua franca
noun (plural lingua francas or linguae francae) Etymology: Italian, literally, Frankish language Date: 1619 1. often capitalized a common language consisting of Italian mixed with French, Spanish, Greek, and Arabic that was formerly spoken in Mediterranean ports 2. any of various languages used as common or commercial tongues among peoples of diverse speech 3. something resembling a common language <
movies are the lingua franca of the twentieth century — Gore Vidal
>

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

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  • lingua franca — ● lingua franca nom féminin Sabir utilisé dans les ports de la Méditerranée entre l époque des croisades et la fin du XIXe s. Langue auxiliaire de relation utilisée par des groupes ayant des langues maternelles différentes. (C est par exemple le… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • lingua franca — ► NOUN (pl. lingua francas) ▪ a language used as a common language between speakers whose native languages are different. ORIGIN Italian, Frankish tongue , in reference to a language formerly used in the eastern Mediterranean, consisting of… …   English terms dictionary

  • lingua franca — [liŋ′gwə fraŋ′kə] n. pl. lingua francas or linguae francae [liŋ′gwē fran′sē] [It, lit., Frankish language] 1. a hybrid language based on Italian, with Spanish, French, Greek, and Arabic elements, spoken, esp. formerly, in certain Mediterranean… …   English World dictionary

  • Lingua Franca — Lin gua Fran ca (l[i^][ng] gw[.a] fr[a^][ng] k[.a]) n. [It., prop., language of the Franks.] 1. The commercial language of the Levant, a mixture of the languages of the people of the region and of foreign traders. [1913 Webster] 2. Any hybrid or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Lingua franca — Lingua franca, 1) das mehrfach verdorbene Italienisch, welches seinen Ursprung der Zeit der Herrschaft der Venetianer u. Genueser in der Levante verdankt u. zum Verkehrsmittel zwischen den Bewohnern der Osthälfte der Nordküste Afrikas, Syriens u …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Lingua franca — Lingua franca, ital., verdorbenes Italienisch, die Vermittlungssprache zwischen den Levantinern und Europäern …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • lingua franca — 1670s, from Italian, lit. Frankish tongue. Originally a form of communication used in the Levant, a stripped down Italian peppered with Spanish, French, Greek, Arabic, and Turkish words. The name is probably from the Arabic custom, dating back to …   Etymology dictionary

  • lingua franca — (izg. lȉngva frȁnka) DEFINICIJA 1. lingv. mješavina romanskih jezika (prvenstveno talijanskog), grčkog, turskog i arapskog, služio kao sredstvo sporazumijevanja u sredozemnim lukama od križarskih ratova do kraja 19. st. 2. pren. prošireno na… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Lingua Franca — Als Lingua Franca (ital. für „fränkische Sprache“) bezeichnet man: in der ursprünglichen und engeren Bedeutung eine bestimmte Pidgin Sprache auf romanischer Basis, die im Mittelalter durch den Sprachkontakt zwischen Romanen und Sprechern… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lingua franca — Als Lingua franca (italienisch für: „fränkische Sprache“) bezeichnet man: in der ursprünglichen und engeren Bedeutung eine bestimmte Pidgin Sprache auf romanischer Basis, die im Mittelalter durch den Sprachkontakt zwischen Romanen und Sprechern… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lingua franca — For other uses, see Lingua franca (disambiguation). A lingua franca (or working language, bridge language, vehicular language) is a language systematically used to make communication possible between people not sharing a mother tongue, in… …   Wikipedia

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