leprosy
noun Etymology: Middle English lepruse, from leprous Date: 15th century 1. a chronic infectious disease caused by a mycobacterium (Mycobacterium leprae) affecting especially the skin and peripheral nerves and characterized by the formation of nodules or macules that enlarge and spread accompanied by loss of sensation with eventual paralysis, wasting of muscle, and production of deformities — called also Hansen's disease 2. a morally or spiritually harmful influence • leprotic adjective

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Leprosy — • A chronic infectious disease caused by the bacillus leprœ, characterized by the formation of growths in the skin, mucous membranes, peripheral nerves, bones, and internal viscera, producing various deformities and mutilations of the human body …   Catholic encyclopedia

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  • leprosy — 1530s (earlier lepruse, mid 15c.), from leprous; see LEPER (Cf. leper). First used in Coverdale Bible, where it renders Hebrew cara ath, which apparently was a comprehensive term for skin diseases. Because of pejorative associations, the use of… …   Etymology dictionary

  • leprosy — ► NOUN ▪ a contagious bacterial disease that affects the skin, mucous membranes, and nerves, causing discoloration and lumps on the skin and, in severe cases, disfigurement and deformities …   English terms dictionary

  • leprosy — [lep′rə sē] n. [ME leprūsē < leprus, lepros: see LEPROUS] a progressive infectious disease caused by a bacterium (Mycobacterium leprae) that attacks the skin, flesh, nerves, etc.; it is characterized by nodules, ulcers, white scaly scabs,… …   English World dictionary

  • Leprosy — For the Hebrew Bible term and its varied meanings, see Tzaraath. For other uses, see Leprosy (disambiguation). Leprosy Classification and external resources A 24 year old man infected with leprosy. ICD 10 …   Wikipedia

  • leprosy — leprotic /le prot ik/, adj. /lep reuh see/, n. Pathol. a chronic, mildly infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae, affecting the peripheral nervous system, skin, and nasal mucosa and variously characterized by ulcerations, tubercular… …   Universalium

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