insulin
noun Etymology: New Latin insula islet (of Langerhans), from Latin, island Date: 1914 a protein pancreatic hormone secreted by the beta cells of the islets of Langerhans that is essential especially for the metabolism of carbohydrates and the regulation of glucose levels in the blood and that when insufficiently produced results in diabetes mellitus

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Insulin — Zwei Modelldarstellungen des Insulinmoleküls. Links das einfache Molekül (Monomer) als ein Kalottenmodell …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • insulin — insulin. См. инсулин. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • Insulin — Insulin, in den B Zellen der Langerhans Inseln gebildetes Peptidhormon aus 51 Aminosäuren, die in zwei durch Disulfidbrücken miteinander verbundenen Peptidketten angeordnet sind. Es steigert die Durchlässigkeit der Zellmembranen für Glucose,… …   Deutsch wörterbuch der biologie

  • Insulin — blev første gang anvendt på et menneske den 11. Februar 1922. Det var de canadiske læger Banting og Best, der året før havde haft succes med at isolere hormonet for første gang. Siden er det blevet en uundværlig medicin for sukkersyge …   Danske encyklopædi

  • insulin — 1922 (earlier insuline, 1914), coined in English from L. insula island, so called because the hormone is secreted by the islets of Langerhans in the pancreas. Insuline was coined independently in French in 1909 …   Etymology dictionary

  • insulin — ► NOUN ▪ a hormone produced in the pancreas, which regulates glucose levels in the blood, and the lack of which causes diabetes. ORIGIN from Latin insula island (with reference to the islets of Langerhans in the pancreas) …   English terms dictionary

  • insulin — [in′sə lin] n. [< L insula, island (see ISLE) + IN1: in allusion to the islets of Langerhans] 1. a protein hormone secreted by the islets of Langerhans, in the pancreas, which helps the body use sugar and other carbohydrates 2. a preparation… …   English World dictionary

  • Insulin — This article is about the insulin protein. For uses of insulin in treating diabetes, see insulin therapy. Not to be confused with inulin. Insulin Computer generated image of six insulin molecules assembled in a hexamer, highlighting the threefold …   Wikipedia

  • insulin — /in seuh lin, ins yeuh /, n. 1. Biochem. a polypeptide hormone, produced by the beta cells of the islets of Langerhans of the pancreas, that regulates the metabolism of glucose and other nutrients. 2. Pharm. any of several commercial preparations …   Universalium

  • insulin — A polypeptide hormone, secreted by beta cells in the islets of Langerhans, that promotes glucose utilization, protein synthesis, and the formation and storage of neutral lipids; available in a variety of preparations including genetically… …   Medical dictionary

  • Insulin — In|su|lin 〈n. 11; unz.〉 vom Inselorgan der Bauchspeicheldrüse gebildetes Hormon, das den Blutzuckerspiegel senkt [zu lat. insula „Insel“, nach den langerhansschen Inseln] * * * In|su|lin [lat. insula = Insel (wegen der Bildung in den Langerhans… …   Universal-Lexikon

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