hydrocarbon
noun Date: 1826 an organic compound (as acetylene or butane) containing only carbon and hydrogen and often occurring in petroleum, natural gas, coal, and bitumens

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hydrocarbon — Hy dro*car bon, n. [Hydro , 2 + carbon.] (Chem.) A compound containing only hydrogen and carbon, as methane, benzene, etc.; also, by extension, any of their derivatives. [1913 Webster] {Hydrocarbon burner}, {furnace}, {stove}, a burner, furnace,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • hydrocarbon — UK US /ˌhaɪdrəʊˈkɑːbən/ noun [C] ► ENVIRONMENT a chemical combination of hydrogen and carbon, such as in oil or petrol: »Hydrocarbon and carbon monoxide emissions from automobiles …   Financial and business terms

  • hydrocarbon — compound of hydrogen and carbon, 1826, formed in English from HYDROGEN (Cf. hydrogen) + CARBON (Cf. carbon) …   Etymology dictionary

  • hydrocarbon — ► NOUN ▪ a compound of hydrogen and carbon, such as any of those which are the chief components of petroleum and natural gas …   English terms dictionary

  • hydrocarbon — [hī΄drə kär′bən, hī′drə kär΄bən] n. any compound containing only hydrogen and carbon, as benzene or methane …   English World dictionary

  • hydrocarbon — hydrocarbonaceous, adj. /huy dreuh kahr beuhn, huy dreuh kahr /, n. any of a class of compounds containing only hydrogen and carbon, as an alkane, methane, CH4, an alkene, ethylene, C2H4, an alkyne, acetylene, C2H2, or an aromatic compound,… …   Universalium

  • Hydrocarbon — Ball and stick model of the methane molecule, CH4. Methane is part of a homologous series known as the alkanes, which contain single bonds only. In organic chemistry, a hydrocarbon is an organic compound consisting entirely of hydrogen and carbon …   Wikipedia

  • hydrocarbon — UK [ˌhaɪdrəʊˈkɑː(r)bən] / US [ˌhaɪdroʊˈkɑrbən] noun [countable] Word forms hydrocarbon : singular hydrocarbon plural hydrocarbons chemistry a chemical substance that contains only hydrogen and carbon, for example methane …   English dictionary

  • hydrocarbon — [[t]ha͟ɪdroʊkɑ͟ː(r)b(ə)n[/t]] hydrocarbons N COUNT A hydrocarbon is a chemical compound that is a mixture of hydrogen and carbon …   English dictionary

  • Hydrocarbon —   An organic chemical compound of hydrogen and carbon in the gaseous, liquid, or solid phase. The molecular structure of hydrocarbon compounds varies from the simplest (methane, a constituent of natural gas) to the very heavy and very complex.… …   Energy terms

  • hydrocarbon — angliavandenilis statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Anglies junginys su vandeniliu. atitikmenys: angl. hydrocarbon rus. углеводород …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

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