holocaust
noun Etymology: Middle English, from Late Latin holocaustum, from Greek holokauston, from neuter of holokaustos burnt whole, from hol- + kaustos burnt, from kaiein to burn — more at caustic Date: 13th century 1. a sacrifice consumed by fire 2. a thorough destruction involving extensive loss of life especially through fire <
a nuclear holocaust
>
3. a. often capitalized the mass slaughter of European civilians and especially Jews by the Nazis during World War II — usually used with the b. a mass slaughter of people; especially genocide

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Holocaust —    The word derives from Greek and Latin and is translated as “something wholly burnt up” and, in its broader meaning, “a total destruction.” The Holocaust refers to the Nazi objective of annihilating every Jewish man, woman, and child who fell… …   Historical dictionary of the Holocaust

  • Holocaust — • As suggested by its Greek origin (holos whole , and kaustos burnt ) the word designates an offering entirely consumed by fire, in use among the Jews and some pagan nations of antiquity. [Definition from 1910.] Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • holocaust — HOLOCÁUST, holocausturi, s.n. 1. (În antichitate) Jertfă adusă zeilor, în care animalul sacrificat era ars în întregime. ♦ fig. Ofrandă, sacrificiu. 2. Ucidere (prin ardere) a unui foarte mare număr de oameni. [pr.: ca ust. – var.: olocáust s.n.] …   Dicționar Român

  • Holocaust — Sm Völkermord, besonders an den Juden in der Nazizeit per. Wortschatz fach. (20. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus ne. holocaust; dort übertragen aus einem biblischen Wort für Brandopfer (aus l. holocaustum n., gr. holokaútōma n., zu gr. hólos ganz,… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • holocaust — [hä′lə käst΄; hō′lə kôst΄, hô′lə kôst΄] n. [ME < OFr holocauste < LL(Ec) holocaustum, a whole burnt offering < Gr holokauston (neut. of holokaustos), burnt whole < holos, whole (see HOLO ) + kaustos, burnt: see CAUSTIC] 1. an offering …   English World dictionary

  • Holocaust — Hol o*caust, n. [L. holocaustum, Gr. ?, neut. of ?, ?, burnt whole; o los whole + kaysto s burnt, fr. kai ein to burn (cf. {Caustic}): cf. F. holocauste.] 1. A burnt sacrifice; an offering, the whole of which was consumed by fire, among the Jews… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Holocaust — Жанры Хеви метал Годы 1977 наше время Страна …   Википедия

  • holocaust — mid 13c., sacrifice by fire, burnt offering, from Gk. holokauston a thing wholly burnt, neut. of holokaustos burned whole, from holos whole (see HOLO (Cf. holo )) + kaustos, verbal adjective of kaiein to burn. Originally a Bible word for burnt… …   Etymology dictionary

  • holocaust — {{/stl 13}}{{stl 7}}[wym. holokaust] {{/stl 7}}{{stl 8}}rz. mnż I, D. u, Mc. holocaustuście, blm {{/stl 8}}{{stl 7}} zagłada, całkowite zniszczenie (zwłaszcza w odniesieniu do masowej zagłady żydów, przeprowadzonej przez nazistów w czasie II… …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

  • holocaust — ► NOUN 1) destruction or slaughter on a mass scale. 2) (the Holocaust) the mass murder of Jews under the German Nazi regime in World War II. ORIGIN from Greek kaustos burnt …   English terms dictionary

  • holocaust — index atrocity, cataclysm, catastrophe, disaster, havoc, shambles Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

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