noun Etymology: French goitre, from Middle French, back-formation from goitron throat, from Vulgar Latin *guttrion-, guttrio, from Latin guttur Date: 1625 an enlargement of the thyroid gland visible as a swelling of the front of the neck — compare hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidismgoitrous adjective

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Goiter — Goi ter Goitre Goi tre, n. [F. go[^i]tre, L. guttur throat, cf. tumidum guttur goiter, gutturosus goitered. See {Guttural}.] (Med.) An enlargement of the thyroid gland, on the anterior part of the neck, usually resulting from iodine deficiency;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • goiter — 1620s, from Fr. goître (16c.), from Rhône dialect, from O.Prov. goitron throat, gullet, from V.L. *gutturiosum or *gutturionem, from L. guttur throat (see GUTTURAL (Cf. guttural)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • goiter — [goit′ər] n. [Fr goitre, back form. < OFr goitron, throat < VL * gutturio < L guttur, throat: see GUTTURAL] an enlargement of the thyroid gland, often visible as a swelling in the lower part of the front of the neck: also Chiefly Brit.… …   English World dictionary

  • goiter — /goy teuhr/, n. Pathol. an enlargement of the thyroid gland on the front and sides of the neck, usually symptomatic of abnormal thyroid secretion, esp. hypothyroidism due to a lack of iodine in the diet. Also, esp. Brit., goitre. Cf. exophthalmic …   Universalium

  • goiter — A chronic enlargement of the thyroid gland, not due to a neoplasm, occurring endemically in certain localities, especially regions where glaciation occurred and the soil is low in iodine, and sporadically elsewhere. SYN: struma (1). [Fr. from L.… …   Medical dictionary

  • goiter — a dietary disease of fish caused by a lack of iodine …   Dictionary of ichthyology

  • goiter — Synonyms and related words: Lombardy leprosy, anemia, ariboflavinosis, beriberi, cachexia, chlorosis, deficiency anemia, dermatitis, greensickness, keratomalacia, kwashiorkor, maidism, malnutrition, night blindness, osteomalacia, osteoporosis,… …   Moby Thesaurus

  • goiter — goi|ter [ gɔıtər ] noun count or uncount a disease that affects your THYROID GLAND and makes your neck swollen …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • goiter — goi·ter || gɔɪtÉ™(r) n. (Medicine) abnormal enlargement of the thyroid gland (also goitre) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • goiter — goi·ter …   English syllables

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