antibody
noun Date: 1900 any of a large number of proteins of high molecular weight that are produced normally by specialized B cells after stimulation by an antigen and act specifically against the antigen in an immune response, that are produced abnormally by some cancer cells, and that typically consist of four subunits including two heavy chains and two light chains — called also immunoglobulin

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Antibody — An ti*bod y ([a^]n t[i^]*b[o^]d [y^]), n. 1. (Med., Physiol. Chem.) Any of various bodies or substances in the blood which act in antagonism to harmful foreign bodies, as toxins or the bacteria producing the toxins. Normal blood serum apparently… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • antibody — antibody. См. антитело. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • antibody — (n.) substance developed in blood as an antitoxin, 1901, a hybrid formed from ANTI (Cf. anti ) against + BODY (Cf. body). Probably a translation of Ger. Antikörper, condensed from a phrase such as anti toxisches Körper anti toxic body …   Etymology dictionary

  • antibody — ► NOUN (pl. antibodies) ▪ a protein produced in the blood to counteract an antigen …   English terms dictionary

  • antibody — ☆ antibody [an′ti bäd΄ē, an′təbäd΄ē ] n. pl. antibodies a specialized protein produced by certain lymphocytes, esp. in response to the presence of an antigen, to neutralize, thus creating immunity to, specific antigens; immunoglobulin …   English World dictionary

  • Antibody — Immunoglobulin redirects here. For the immunoglobulin family, see Immunoglobulin superfamily. Antibodies redirects here. For the film, see Antibodies (film). Each antibody binds to a specific antigen; an interaction similar to a lock and key. An… …   Wikipedia

  • antibody — /an ti bod ee/, n., pl. antibodies. 1. any of numerous Y shaped protein molecules produced by B cells as a primary immune defense, each molecule and its clones having a unique binding site that can combine with the complementary site of a foreign …   Universalium

  • antibody — Abbreviation: Ab An immunological protein produced by the lymphocytes in response to contact with an antigen. Each antibody recognizes just one antigenic determinant of one antigen and acts by specifically binding to it, thus rendering it… …   Glossary of Biotechnology

  • antibody — noun Antibody is used before these nouns: ↑production, ↑response Antibody is used after these nouns: ↑HIV …   Collocations dictionary

  • antibody */ — UK [ˈæntɪˌbɒdɪ] / US [ˈæntɪˌbɑdɪ] noun [countable] Word forms antibody : singular antibody plural antibodies medical a substance that your body produces in your blood to fight illnesses and infections. Antibodies are an important part of the… …   English dictionary

  • antibody — Synonyms and related words: Rh factor, Rh negative, Rh positive, Rh type, Rhesus factor, acquired immunity, active immunity, agglutinin, allergen, anaphylactin, antiantibody, antigen, antiserum, antitoxic serum, antitoxin, antivenin, arterial… …   Moby Thesaurus

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