genetic code

genetic code
noun Date: 1961 the biochemical basis of heredity consisting of codons in DNA and RNA that determine the specific amino acid sequence in proteins and appear to be uniform for nearly all known forms of life

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • genetic code — ► NOUN ▪ the means by which DNA and RNA molecules carry genetic information …   English terms dictionary

  • genetic code — n. the biochemical code in DNA or RNA that determines the characteristics of an organism, made up of a long chain or sequence of nucleotides, codons, and genes …   English World dictionary

  • genetic code — genetic code. См. генетический код. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • Genetic code — A series of codons in part of a messenger RNA (mRNA) molecule. Each codon consists of three nucleotides, usually representing a single amino acid. The nucleotides are abbreviated with the letters A, U, G and C. This is mRNA, which uses U (uracil) …   Wikipedia

  • Genetic code — The instructions in a gene that tell the cell how to make a specific protein. A, T, G, and C are the letters of the DNA code. They stand for the chemicals adenine, thymine, guanine, and cytosine, respectively, that make up the nucleotide bases of …   Medical dictionary

  • genetic code — the biochemical instructions that translate the genetic information present as a linear sequence of nucleotide triplets in messenger RNA into the correct linear sequence of amino acids for the synthesis of a particular peptide chain or protein.… …   Universalium

  • genetic code — the code in which genetic information is carried by DNA and messenger RNA. This information determines the sequence of amino acids in every protein and thereby controls the nature of all proteins made by the cell. The genetic code is expressed by …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • genetic code — UK / US noun [countable] Word forms genetic code : singular genetic code plural genetic codes biology the arrangement of genes that makes an individual develop in a particular way …   English dictionary

  • genetic code — noun the ordering of nucleotides in DNA molecules that carries the genetic information in living cells • Hypernyms: ↑ordering, ↑order, ↑ordination • Hyponyms: ↑triplet code * * * geˌnetic ˈcode [genetic code] …   Useful english dictionary

  • genetic code — genetinis kodas statusas T sritis ekologija ir aplinkotyra apibrėžtis Bendra visiems gyviesiems organizmams paveldimos informacijos užšifravimo nukleorūgščių molekulėse ir realizacijos sistema. atitikmenys: angl. genetic code vok. genetischer… …   Ekologijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • genetic code — genetinis kodas statusas T sritis augalininkystė apibrėžtis Nukleotidų DNR molekulėje seka, nulemianti aminorūgščių sekas baltymo molekulėje. atitikmenys: angl. genetic code rus. генетический код …   Žemės ūkio augalų selekcijos ir sėklininkystės terminų žodynas

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