noun Etymology: International Scientific Vocabulary ganglion + 2-ose + -ide Date: 1943 any of a group of glycolipids that yield a hexose sugar on hydrolysis and are found especially in the plasma membrane of cells of the gray matter

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

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  • Ganglioside — is a molecule composed of a glycosphingolipid (ceramide and oligosaccharide) with one or more sialic acids (e.g. n acetylneuraminic acid, NANA) linked on the sugar chain. The 60+ known gangliosides differ mainly in the position and number of NANA …   Wikipedia

  • ganglioside — [gɑ̃glijozid] n. m. ÉTYM. Mil. XXe; de ganglion, ose, et ide. ❖ ♦ Chim., biol. Ensemble des lipides renfermant du sucre (glycolipides), présents dans les ganglions du cerveau, et dont l accumulation dans les tissus de soutien de certains organes… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Ganglioside — Ganglioside,   Singular Gangliosid das, s, Biochemie: Gruppe der Glykolipide …   Universal-Lexikon

  • ganglioside — [gaŋ′glēə sīd΄] n. [ GANGLI(O) + OSE1 + IDE] any of a group of complex lipids found mainly on the membranes of nervous tissue and in the liver, spleen, and kidney …   English World dictionary

  • Ganglioside — Struktur des GM1 Gangliosids Ganglioside [1][2][3][4] …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ganglioside — A glycosphingolipid that contains one or more residues of N acetyl or other neuraminic acid derivatives. Gangliosides are found in highest concentration in cells of the nervous system, where they can constitute as much as 5% of the lipid …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • ganglioside — /gang glee euh suyd /, n. Biochem. any of a class of glycolipids, found chiefly in nerve ganglia, that upon hydrolysis yield sphingosine, neuraminic acid, a fatty acid, and a monosaccharide. [1940 45; GANGLI(ON) + OSE2 + IDE] * * * …   Universalium

  • ganglioside — noun Any of several galactocerebrosides found in the surface membranes of nerve cells …   Wiktionary

  • ganglioside — A glycosphingolipid chemically similar to cerebrosides but containing one or more sialic (N acetylneuraminic or N glycolylneuraminic) acid residues; found principally in nerve tissue, spleen, and thymus; GM1 accumulates in generalized… …   Medical dictionary

  • Ganglioside — Les gangliosides contiennent trois ou plusieurs résidus osidiques dont au moins un est estérifié par l’acide sialique ou l’acide Nacétylneuraminique. Portail de la biochimie Catégorie : Lipide …   Wikipédia en Français

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