anneal
verb Etymology: Middle English anelen to set on fire, from Old English onǣlan, from on + ǣlan to set on fire, burn, from āl fire; akin to Old English ǣled fire, Old Norse eldr Date: 1664 transitive verb 1. a. to heat and then cool (as steel or glass) usually for softening and making less brittle; also to cool slowly usually in a furnace b. to heat and then cool (double-stranded nucleic acid) in order to separate strands and induce combination at lower temperature with complementary strands 2. strengthen, toughen intransitive verb to be capable of combining with complementary nucleic acid by a process of heating and cooling

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

Synonyms:
(as glass, by slow cooling),


Look at other dictionaries:

  • Anneal — An*neal , v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Annealed}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Annealing}.] [OE. anelen to heat, burn, AS. an?lan; an on + ?lan to burn; also OE. anelen to enamel, prob. influenced by OF. neeler, nieler, to put a black enamel on gold or silver, F.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • anneal — (v.) O.E. onælan to set on fire, kindle, from on on + ælan to burn, bake, from P.Gmc. *ailan, probably [Watkins] from PIE *ai to burn (see ASH (Cf. ash) (1)); related to O.E. æled fire, firebrand, O.N …   Etymology dictionary

  • anneal — ► VERB ▪ heat (metal or glass) and allow it to cool slowly, so as to toughen it. ORIGIN Old English, «set on fire» …   English terms dictionary

  • anneal — [ə nēl′] vt. [ME anelen < OE anælan, to burn < an , ON + ælan, to burn < al, æl, fire] 1. Obs. to fire or glaze, as in a kiln 2. to heat (glass, metals, etc.) and then cool, sometimes slowly, to prevent brittleness 3. to strengthen and… …   English World dictionary

  • anneal — verb a) To subject to great heat, and then cool slowly for the purpose of rendering less brittle; to temper; to toughen. There was more than one way to anneal them with regards to resolve. b) To strengthen or harden …   Wiktionary

  • anneal —    The formation of double strands from two complementary single strands of DNA and/or RNA. In the second step of each PCR cycle, primers bind or anneal to the 3’ end of the target sequence …   Forensic science glossary

  • anneal — /əˈnil/ (say uh neel) verb (t) 1. to heat (glass, earthenware, metals, etc.) to remove or prevent internal stress. 2. to free from internal stress by heating and gradually cooling. 3. to toughen or temper: to anneal the mind. {Middle English… …   Australian English dictionary

  • anneal — annealer, n. /euh neel /, v.t. 1. to heat (glass, earthenware, metals, etc.) to remove or prevent internal stress. 2. to free from internal stress by heating and gradually cooling. 3. to toughen or temper. 4. Biochem. to recombine (nucleic acid… …   Universalium

  • anneal — 1. To soften or temper a metal by controlled heating and cooling; the process makes a metal more easily adapted, bent, or swaged, and less brittle. 2. In dentistry, to heat gold leaf preparatory to its insertion into a cavity, in order to remove… …   Medical dictionary

  • anneal — I (New American Roget s College Thesaurus) v. t. temper (See hardness). II (Roget s IV) v. Syn. toughen, temper, subject to high heat; see strengthen …   English dictionary for students

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