aniline

aniline
noun Etymology: German Anilin, from Anil indigo, from French, from Portuguese, from Arabic al-nīl the indigo plant, from Sanskrit nīlī indigo, from feminine of nīla dark blue Date: 1849 an oily liquid poisonous amine C6H5NH2 obtained especially by the reduction of nitrobenzene and used chiefly in organic synthesis (as of dyes)

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ANILINE — L’aniline est un composé organique renfermant une fonction amine primaire, c’est à dire un atome d’azote lié à un carbone et à deux hydrogènes; l’atome de carbone appartenant à un noyau benzénique, il s’agit d’une amine aromatique, la plus simple …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Aniline — An i*line, a. Made from, or of the nature of, aniline. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Aniline — An i*line (?; 277), n. [See {Anil}.] (Chem.) An organic base belonging to the phenylamines. It may be regarded as ammonia in which one hydrogen atom has been replaced by the radical phenyl. It is a colorless, oily liquid, originally obtained from …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • aniline — (n.) chemical base used in making colorful dyes, 1843, coined 1841 by German chemist Carl Julius Fritzsche (1808 1871) and adopted by Hofmann, ultimately from Port. anil the indigo shrub, from Arabic an nil the indigo, assimilated from al nil,… …   Etymology dictionary

  • aniline — ► NOUN ▪ an oily liquid found in coal tar, used in the manufacture of dyes, drugs, and plastics. ORIGIN from an Arabic word meaning indigo (from which it was originally obtained) …   English terms dictionary

  • aniline — [an′ə lin, an′əlēn΄, an′əlīn΄] n. [Ger anilin: see ANIL & INE3] a colorless, poisonous, oily liquid, C6H5NH2, a derivative of benzene used in making dyes, resins, rubber additives, fungicides, herbicides, etc., and in organic synthesis …   English World dictionary

  • Aniline — For other uses, see Aniline (disambiguation). Aniline …   Wikipedia

  • Aniline — Cet article possède un paronyme, voir : Alanine. Aniline …   Wikipédia en Français

  • aniline — /an l in, uyn /, n. 1. Also called aniline oil, aminobenzine, phenylamine. Chem. a colorless, oily, slightly water soluble liquid, C6H5NH2, usually derived from nitrobenzene by reduction: used chiefly in the synthesis of dyes and drugs. adj. 2.… …   Universalium

  • Aniline — A chemical compound implicated, along with o toluidine, in the causation of bladder cancer. Aniline and o toluidine, both aromatic amines, are used in the manufacture of a variety of dyes, pharmaceuticals, pesticides, and chemicals employed in… …   Medical dictionary

  • aniline — /ˈænələn / (say anuhluhn) noun 1. an aromatic amine, aminobenzene, C6H5NH2, used in the manufacture of plastics, resins, etc. –adjective 2. relating to or derived from aniline: aniline colours. {anil + ine2} …   Australian English dictionary

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