figure of speech
Date: 1751 a form of expression (as a simile or metaphor) used to convey meaning or heighten effect often by comparing or identifying one thing with another that has a meaning or connotation familiar to the reader or listener

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

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  • figure of speech — Figure Fig ure (f[i^]g [ u]r; 135), n. [F., figure, L. figura; akin to fingere to form, shape, feign. See {Feign}.] 1. The form of anything; shape; outline; appearance. [1913 Webster] Flowers have all exquisite figures. Bacon. [1913 Webster] 2.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Figure of speech — A figure of speech, sometimes termed a rhetoric, or locution, is a word or phrase that departs from straightforward, literal language. Figures of speech are often used and crafted for emphasis, freshness of expression, or clarity. However,… …   Wikipedia

  • figure of speech — Rhet. any expressive use of language, as a metaphor, simile, personification, or antithesis, in which words are used in other than their literal sense, or in other than their ordinary locutions, in order to suggest a picture or image or for other …   Universalium

  • Apostrophe (figure of speech) — Apostrophe (Greek ἀποστροφή, apostrophé , turning away ; the final e being sounded) is an exclamatory rhetorical figure of speech, when a talker or writer breaks off and directs speech to an imaginary person or abstract quality or idea. In… …   Wikipedia

  • Climax (figure of speech) — In rhetoric, a climax (from the Greek κλῖμαξ klimax, meaning staircase and ladder ) is a figure of speech in which words, phrases, or clauses are arranged in order of increasing importance. It is sometimes used with anadiplosis, which uses the… …   Wikipedia

  • Cosmosis (figure of speech) — Cosmosis (pl. cosmoses) is a figure of speech used in poetic works. Derived from the Greek κοσμεω, meaning to put in order , it describes a relationship in grammatically inflected languages such as Latin or Greek in which two or more words appear …   Wikipedia

  • Meiosis (figure of speech) — In rhetoric, meiosis is a euphemistic figure of speech that intentionally understates something or implies that it is lesser in significance or size than it really is. Meiosis is the opposite of auxesis, and also sometimes used as a synonym for… …   Wikipedia

  • Ploce (figure of speech) — A ploce is a figure of speech in which a word is separated or repeated by way of emphasis. Examples: * In that great victory, Caesar was Caesar ! * Make war upon themselves brother to brother / Blood to blood, self against self. Richard III, by… …   Wikipedia

  • Code word (figure of speech) — For other uses, see code word (disambiguation). A code word is a word or a phrase designed to convey a predetermined meaning to a receptive audience, while remaining inconspicuous to the uninitiated. Contents 1 Medical 2 Commercial 3 Fiction …   Wikipedia

  • Ellipse (figure of speech) — In rhetoric, an ellipse is the suppression of a word or phrase that is technically necessary, but either of such minor importance to the thought being conveyed, or so commonly understood, that it can be eliminated while maintaining… …   Wikipedia

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