noun (plural -ties) Etymology: Middle English enmite, from Anglo-French enemité, enemisté, from enemi enemy Date: 13th century positive, active, and typically mutual hatred or ill will Synonyms: enmity, hostility, antipathy, antagonism, animosity, rancor, animus mean deep-seated dislike or ill will. enmity suggests positive hatred which may be open or concealed <
an unspoken enmity
. hostility suggests an enmity showing itself in attacks or aggression <
hostility between the two nations
. antipathy and antagonism imply a natural or logical basis for one's hatred or dislike, antipathy suggesting repugnance, a desire to avoid or reject, and antagonism suggesting a clash of temperaments leading readily to hostility <
a natural antipathy for self-seekers
antagonism between the brothers
. animosity suggests intense ill will and vindictiveness that threaten to kindle hostility <
animosity that led to revenge
. rancor is especially applied to bitter brooding over a wrong <
rancor filled every line of his letters
. animus adds to animosity the implication of strong prejudice <
objections devoid of personal animus

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • enmity — enmity, hostility, antipathy, antagonism, animosity, rancor, animus mean intense deep seated dislike or ill will or a manifestation of such a feeling. Enmity implies more than the absence of amity or a friendly spirit; it suggests positive hatred …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • enmity — [en′mə tē] n. pl. enmities [ME enemite < OFr enemistie < VL * inimicitas < L inimicus: see ENEMY] the bitter attitude or feelings of an enemy or of mutual enemies; hostility; antagonism SYN. ENMITY denotes a strong, settled feeling of… …   English World dictionary

  • Enmity — En mi*ty, n.; pl. {Enmities}. [OE. enemyte, fr. enemy: cf. F. inimiti[ e], OF. enemisti[ e]. See {Enemy}, and cf. {Amity}.] 1. The quality of being an enemy; hostile or unfriendly disposition. [1913 Webster] No ground of enmity between us known.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • enmity — late 14c., from O.Fr. enemistié enmity, hostile act, aversion, from V.L. *inimicitatem (nom. *inimicitas), from L. inimicitia enmity, hostility, from inimicus enemy (see ENEMY (Cf. enemy)). Related: Enmities …   Etymology dictionary

  • enmity — index alienation (estrangement), belligerency, breach, conflict, contention (opposition), cruelty …   Law dictionary

  • enmity — [n] hatred, animosity acrimony, alienation, animus, antagonism, antipathy, aversion, bad blood*, bitterness, daggers*, detestation, dislike, hate, hostility, ill will, loathing, malevolence, malice, malignancy, malignity, rancor, spite, spleen,… …   New thesaurus

  • enmity — ► NOUN (pl. enmities) ▪ the state of being an enemy; hostility. ORIGIN Old French enemistie, from Latin inimicus enemy …   English terms dictionary

  • enmity — n. 1) to stir up enmity 2) to incur smb. s enmity 3) bitter enmity 4) enmity against, towards; among, between * * * [ enmɪtɪ] among between towards bitter enmity to incur smb. s enmity to stir up enmity enmity against …   Combinatory dictionary

  • Enmity — (Roget s Thesaurus) < N PARAG:Enmity >N GRP: N 1 Sgm: N 1 enmity enmity hostility Sgm: N 1 unfriendliness unfriendliness &c. >Adj. Sgm: N 1 discord discord &c. 713 Sgm: N 1 bitterness bitterness rancor …   English dictionary for students

  • enmity — noun ADJECTIVE ▪ bitter ▪ age old, lasting, long standing, old, traditional, undying ▪ He had earned their lasting enmity …   Collocations dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”