amino acid

amino acid
noun Date: 1898 an amphoteric organic acid containing the amino group NH2; especially any of the various amino acids having the amino group in the alpha position that are the chief components of proteins and are synthesized by living cells or are obtained as essential components of the diet

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • amino acid — n. 1. any of a large group of organic acids containing a carboxyl group, COOH, and an amino group, NH2 2. any of the 25 amino acids that link together into polypeptide chains to form proteins that are necessary for all life: in general, they are… …   English World dictionary

  • amino acid — ► NOUN ▪ any of a class of about twenty organic compounds which form the basic constituents of proteins and contain both acid and amine groups …   English terms dictionary

  • amino acid — amino acid. См. аминокислота. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • amino acid —  Amino Acid  Аминокислота   Органическое соединение, в молекуле которого одновременно содержатся карбоксильная и аминная группы; в 20 природных аминокислотах обе группы связаны с одним и тем же атомом C.   Аминокислоты объединяются амидными… …   Толковый англо-русский словарь по нанотехнологии. - М.

  • Amino acid — This article is about the class of chemicals. For the structures and properties of the standard proteinogenic amino acids, see Proteinogenic amino acid. The generic structure of an alpha amino acid in its unionized form …   Wikipedia

  • amino acid — Biochem. any of a class of organic compounds that contains at least one amino group, NH2, and one carboxyl group, COOH: the alpha amino acids, RCH(NH2)COOH, are the building blocks from which proteins are constructed. Cf. essential amino acid.… …   Universalium

  • Amino acid — One of the 20 building blocks of protein. The sequence of amino acids in a protein and, hence, the function of that protein are determined by the genetic code in the DNA. Amino acids are molecules that (in technical terms) contain a basic amino… …   Medical dictionary

  • amino acid — n. Biochem. any of a group of organic compounds containing both the carboxyl (COOH) and amino (NH2) group, occurring naturally in plant and animal tissues and forming the basic constituents of proteins. Etymology: AMINE + ACID * * * amino acid… …   Useful english dictionary

  • amino acid — UK [əˌmiːnəʊ ˈæsɪd] / US [əˌmɪnoʊ ˈæsɪd] noun [countable] Word forms amino acid : singular amino acid plural amino acids biology one of the substances in the body that combine to make proteins …   English dictionary

  • amino acid — A compound containing both amino ( NH2) and carboxyl ( COOH) groups. In particular, any of 20 basic building blocks of proteins having the formula NH2 CR COOH, where R is different for each specific amino acid. See: annex 3 …   Glossary of Biotechnology

  • amino acid — noun Amino acid is used before these nouns: ↑sequence …   Collocations dictionary

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