Duchenne muscular dystrophy
noun Etymology: Guillaume Armand Duchenne died 1875 French neurologist Date: 1971 a severe progressive X-linked muscular dystrophy of males with early childhood onset that is characterized by absence of the protein dystrophin — called also Duchenne's muscular dystrophycompare Becker muscular dystrophy

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

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  • Duchenne muscular dystrophy — Classification and external resources Histopathology of gastrocnemius muscle from patient who died of pseudohypertrophic muscular dystrophy, Duchenne type. Cross section of muscle shows extensive replacement of muscle fibers by adipose cells …   Wikipedia

  • Duchenne muscular dystrophy — [do͞o shen′] n. a common hereditary form of muscular dystrophy, usually affecting young males, characterized by the severe weakening of the skeletal muscles, esp. the respiratory muscles: also called Duchenne s muscular dystrophy * * * …   Universalium

  • Duchenne muscular dystrophy — [do͞o shen′] n. a common hereditary form of muscular dystrophy, usually affecting young males, characterized by the severe weakening of the skeletal muscles, esp. the respiratory muscles: also called Duchenne s muscular dystrophy …   English World dictionary

  • Duchenne muscular dystrophy — The best known form of muscular dystrophy, Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is caused by a genetic error in a gene on the X chromosome that prevents the production of dystrophin, a normal protein in muscle. DMD affects boys and, very rarely,… …   Medical dictionary

  • duchenne muscular dystrophy — noun also duchenne s muscular dystrophy Usage: usually capitalized 1st D Etymology: after Guillaume Armand Duchenne died 1875 French neurologist : a severe progressive form of muscular dystrophy of males that appears in early childhood, affects… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Duchenne muscular dystrophy — /duˈʃɛn/ (say dooh shen) noun a type of muscular dystrophy caused by a genetic mutation which prevents production of the protein dystrophin, causing muscles to deteriorate and break down; the most frequently occurring, and one of the most rapidly …   Australian English dictionary

  • Duchenne muscular dystrophy — see muscular dystrophy G. B. A. Duchenne (1806 75), French neurologist …   Medical dictionary

  • Duchenne muscular dystrophy — [du: ʃɛn] noun a severe form of muscular dystrophy caused by a genetic defect and usually affecting boys. Origin C19: named after the French neurologist G. B. A. Duchenne …   English new terms dictionary

  • Duchenne muscular dystrophy — A sex linked hereditary disease confined to young males and to females with Turner s syndrome. It is characterized by degeneration and necrosis of skeletal muscle fibres, that are replaced by fat and fibrous tissue. The incidence of this disorder …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • Duchenne muscular dystrophy — DMD …   The new mediacal dictionary

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