Etymology: Middle English absolut, from Anglo-French, from Latin absolutus, from past participle of absolvere to set free, absolve
Date: 14th century
a. free from imperfection ; perfect <it is a most absolute and excellent horse — Shakespeare> b. free or relatively free from mixture ; pure <absolute alcohol> c. outright, unmitigated <an absolute lie> 2. being, governed by, or characteristic of a ruler or authority completely free from constitutional or other restraint <absolute power> 3. a. standing apart from a normal or usual syntactical relation with other words or sentence elements <the absolute construction this being the case in the sentence “this being the case, let us go”> b. of an adjective or possessive pronoun standing alone without a modified substantive <blind in “help the blind” and ours in “your work and ours” are absolute> c. of a verb having no object in the particular construction under consideration though normally transitive <kill in “if looks could kill” is an absolute verb> 4. having no restriction, exception, or qualification <an absolute requirement> <absolute freedom> 5. positive, unquestionable <absolute proof> 6. a. independent of arbitrary standards of measurement b. relating to or derived in the simplest manner from the fundamental units of length, mass, and time <absolute electric units> c. relating to, measured on, or being a temperature scale based on absolute zero <absolute temperature>; specifically kelvin <10° absolute> 7. fundamental, ultimate <absolute knowledge> 8. perfectly embodying the nature of a thing <absolute justice> 9. being self-sufficient and free of external references or relationships <an absolute term in logic> <absolute music> 10. being the true distance from an aircraft to the earth's surface <absolute altitude> • absolute noun • absoluteness noun
New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.