dextran
noun Etymology: International Scientific Vocabulary Date: 1879 any of numerous glucose biopolymers of variable molecular weight that are produced especially by the fermentation of sucrose by bacteria (as genus Leuconostoc), are found in dental plaque, and are used especially in blood plasma substitutes

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

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  • Dextran — Identifiers CAS number 9004 54 0 …   Wikipedia

  • dextran — ● dextran nom masculin Dextrane obtenu par action de la bactérie Leuconostoc mesenteroides sur le saccharose ou préparé par synthèse, utilisé comme succédané du sang. dextran [dɛkstʀɑ̃] n. m. ÉTYM. D. i. (mil XXe); all. Dextran, 1874,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • dextran — dextrán s. m., pl. dextráni Trimis de siveco, 10.08.2004. Sursa: Dicţionar ortografic …   Dicționar Român

  • dextran — [deks′tran΄, deks′trən] n. [ DEXTR + AN] a chainlike polymer of glucose produced by certain strains of bacteria acting on sucrose, as in sugar refinery tanks, in various fermentation processes, or in the formation of dental plaque: it is used as… …   English World dictionary

  • dextran — 1. Any of several water soluble high molecular weight glucose polymers (average MW 75,000; ranging between 1,000 and 40,000,000) produced by the action of members of the family Lactobacillaceae and certain other microorganisms on sucrose; used in …   Medical dictionary

  • dextran — n. a carbohydrate, consisting of branched chains of glucose units, that is a storage product of bacteria and yeasts. Preparations of dextran solution are used in transfusions, to increase the volume of plasma …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • dextran — dekstranas statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Bakterijų polisacharidas, susidedantis iš D gliukozės liekanų. formulė Formulę žr. priede. priedas( ai) Grafinis formatas atitikmenys: angl. dextran; starch gum rus. декстран …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • Dextran — Dextrane sind hochmolekulare, verzweigte, neutrale Biopolysaccharide, die Hefen und Bakterien als Reservestoffe dienen. Da die Polymere nur aus Glucose Einheiten bestehen, zählen sie zu den Homoglykanen. Natürliche Dextrane besitzen Molekülmassen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • dextran — /dek streuhn/, n. Chem., Pharm. a viscous polysaccharide, composed of dextrose, produced by bacterial action on sucrose: used in confections and lacquers and in medicine chiefly as an extender for blood plasma. [1875 80; DEXTR(OSE) + AN(HYDRIDE)] …   Universalium

  • dextran — noun a biopolymer of glucose produced by enzymes of certain bacteria; used as a substitute for blood plasma, and as a stationary phase in chromatography …   Wiktionary

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