noun Etymology: Middle French or Latin; Middle French cylindre, from Latin cylindrus, from Greek kylindros, from kylindein to roll; perhaps akin to Greek kyklos wheel — more at wheel Date: 1570 1. a. the surface traced by a straight line moving parallel to a fixed straight line and intersecting a fixed planar closed curve b. a solid or surface bounded by a cylinder and two parallel planes cutting all its elements; especially right circular cylinder — see volume table 2. a cylindrical body or space: as a. the turning chambered breech of a revolver b. (1) the piston chamber in an engine (2) a chamber in a pump from which the piston expels the fluid c. any of various rotating members in a press (as a printing press); especially one that impresses paper on an inked form d. a cylindrical clay object inscribed with cuneiform inscriptions • cylindered adjective

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cylinder — most commonly refers to: Cylinder (geometry), a three dimensional geometric shape Cylinder may also refer to: Contents 1 Science and technology 1.1 Information storage …   Wikipedia

  • Cylinder — Cyl in*der (s?l ?n d?r), n. [F. cylindre, OF. cilindre, L. cylindrus, fr. Gr. ky lindros, fr. kyli ndein, kyli ein, to roll. Cf. {Calender} the machine.] [1913 Webster] 1. (Geom.) (a) A solid body which may be generated by the rotation of a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Cylinder — Cylinder, IA U.S. city in Iowa Population (2000): 110 Housing Units (2000): 49 Land area (2000): 0.067690 sq. miles (0.175317 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.067690 sq. miles (0.175317 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • cylinder — 1560s, from M.Fr. cylindre (14c.), from L. cylindrus roller, cylinder, from Gk. kylindros a cylinder, roller, roll, from kylindein to roll, of unknown origin …   Etymology dictionary

  • cylinder — {{/stl 13}}{{stl 8}}rz. mnż I, D. cylinderdra, Mc. cylinderdrze {{/stl 8}}{{stl 20}} {{/stl 20}}{{stl 12}}1. {{/stl 12}}{{stl 7}} walcowaty otwór w kadłubie maszyny tłokowej (silnika, sprężarki, pompy itd.), w którym porusza się, odpowiednio… …   Langenscheidt Polski wyjaśnień

  • cylinder — [sil′ən dər] n. [Fr cylindre < L cylindrus < Gr kylindros < kylindein, to roll < IE base * (s)kel , to bend > CALCAR, COLON1] 1. Geom. a) in geometry, a solid figure consisting of two parallel bases in the form of congruent, closed …   English World dictionary

  • Cylinder — Cylinder, s. Zylinder …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Cylinder — und damit zusammengesetzte Stichwörter, s. Zylinder u.s.w …   Lexikon der gesamten Technik

  • Cylinder — Cylinder, griech., Walze, in der Mathematik ein fester Körper mit 3 Oberflächen, von denen 2 eben und parallel sind, die 3. kreisförmig ist. Der körperliche Inhalt wird gefunden, wenn man den Flächeninhalt der Grundfläche mit der Höhe… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • CYLINDER — margaritae genus, de quo vide aliquid infra voce Inauris. Sed et in Cylindros berylli fingebantur, uti retro vidimus, ubi de illis, pluraque dicemus paulo infra. Archimedem vero in sepulchro suo Cylindrum voluisse inscribi, dicemus, infra voce… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • cylinder — ► NOUN 1) a three dimensional shape with straight parallel sides and a circular or oval cross section. 2) a piston chamber in a steam or internal combustion engine. 3) a cylindrical container for liquefied gas under pressure. 4) a rotating metal… …   English terms dictionary

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