cranial nerve
noun Date: 1840 any of the nerves that arise in pairs from the lower surface of the brain one on each side and pass through openings in the skull to the periphery of the body and that comprise 12 pairs in reptiles, birds, and mammals and usually 10 in fishes and amphibians

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cranial nerve — Nerve: Cranial nerves Inferior view of the brain and brain stem showing cranial nerves. An unlabelled version is here Latin nervus cranialis (plural: nervi cranial …   Wikipedia

  • cranial nerve — n any of the 12 paired nerves that arise from the lower surface of the brain with one of each pair on each side and pass through openings in the skull to the periphery of the body see ABDUCENS NERVE, ACCESSORY NERVE, AUDITORY NERVE …   Medical dictionary

  • cranial nerve — n. a peripheral nerve coming from the brainstem: many animals, including humans, have twelve pairs of such nerves, including the olfactory, optic, trigeminal, facial, and auditory nerves …   English World dictionary

  • cranial nerve — noun any of the 12 paired nerves that originate in the brain stem • Hypernyms: ↑nerve, ↑nervus • Hyponyms: ↑olfactory nerve, ↑nervii olfactorii, ↑first cranial nerve, ↑optic nerve, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • cranial nerve — Anat. any of the nerves arising from the brainstem and exiting to the periphery of the head through skull openings, including 10 pairs in fish and amphibians and 12 pairs in reptiles, birds, and mammals: in humans, these are the abducens nerve,… …   Universalium

  • cranial nerve — cra′nial nerve n. anat. any of the paired nerves arising from the brainstem and reaching the periphery through skull openings • Etymology: 1830–40 …   From formal English to slang

  • cranial nerve — noun Any of the twelve paired nerves that originate from the brainstem instead of the spinal cord …   Wiktionary

  • Cranial nerve disease — Classification and external resources Cranial nerves ICD 10 G …   Wikipedia

  • Cranial nerve zero — Latin nervus terminalis Code TA A14.2.01.002 The terminal nerve, or cranial nerve zero, was discovered by German scientist Gustav Fritsch in 1878 in the brains of sharks. It was first found in humans in 1913 …   Wikipedia

  • Cranial nerve nucleus — Brain: Cranial nerve nucleus The cranial nerve nuclei schematically represented; dorsal view. Motor nuclei in red; sensory in blue. (The olfactory and optic centers are not represented.) Latin nucleus nervi cranialis Gray s …   Wikipedia

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