noun Etymology: Middle English citizein, from Anglo-French citezein, alteration of citeien, from cité city Date: 14th century 1. an inhabitant of a city or town; especially one entitled to the rights and privileges of a freeman 2. a. a member of a state b. a native or naturalized person who owes allegiance to a government and is entitled to protection from it 3. a civilian as distinguished from a specialized servant of the state • citizenly adjective Synonyms: citizen, subject, national mean a person owing allegiance to and entitled to the protection of a sovereign state. citizen is preferred for one owing allegiance to a state in which sovereign power is retained by the people and sharing in the political rights of those people <
the rights of a free citizen
. subject implies allegiance to a personal sovereign such as a monarch <
the king's subjects
. national designates one who may claim the protection of a state and applies especially to one living or traveling outside that state <
American nationals working in the Middle East

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.


Look at other dictionaries:

  • citizen — cit·i·zen n [Anglo French citezein, alteration of Old French citeien, from cité city] 1: a native or naturalized individual who owes allegiance to a government (as of a state or nation) and is entitled to the enjoyment of governmental protection… …   Law dictionary

  • Citizen — Holdings Co., Ltd. Тип …   Википедия

  • Citizen — (von engl. citizen, lat. civis, „Bürger“) steht für: einen japanischen Uhren und Uhrwerkehersteller, siehe Citizen Watch einen japanischen Hersteller im Bereich Mikrotechnologie (Uhren, Elektronische Bauteile, Elektronische Produkte,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • citizen — 1 *inhabitant, resident, denizen Contrasted words: *stranger, outsider 2 Citizen, subject, national are comparable when denoting a person who is regarded as a member of a sovereign state, entitled to its protection, and subject to its laws.… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Citizen — Cit i*zen, a. 1. Having the condition or qualities of a citizen, or of citizens; as, a citizen soldiery. [1913 Webster] 2. Of or pertaining to the inhabitants of a city; characteristic of citizens; effeminate; luxurious. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] I… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • citizen — [sit′ə zən, sit′əsən] n. [ME & Anglo Fr citizein, altered (? infl. by denizen) < OFr citeain < cité: see CITY; CITIZEN sense 3 infl. by use of Fr citoyen during the Fr Revolution] 1. Historical a native or inhabitant, esp. a freeman or… …   English World dictionary

  • citizen — UK US /ˈsɪtɪzən/ noun [C] ► a person who is a member of a state or country, and has legal rights there: »a British citizen »To work in the US you must be a legal citizen or have a valid work visa. → Compare RESIDENT(Cf. ↑resident) …   Financial and business terms

  • Citizen — Cit i*zen, n. [OE. citisein, OF. citeain, F. citoyen, fr. cit[ e] city. See {City}, and cf. {Cit}.] 1. One who enjoys the freedom and privileges of a city; a freeman of a city, as distinguished from a foreigner, or one not entitled to its… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • citizen — early 14c., inhabitant of a city, from Anglo Fr. citezein (spelling altered by influence of denizen), from O.Fr. citeien city dweller, citizen (12c., Mod.Fr. citoyen), from cite (see CITY (Cf. city)) + ain (see IAN (Cf. ian)). Replaced O.E.… …   Etymology dictionary

  • citizen — [n] person native of country aborigine, burgess, burgher, civilian, commoner, cosmopolite, denizen, dweller, freeman/woman, householder, inhabitant, John/Jane Q. Public*, member of body politic, member of community, national, native, naturalized… …   New thesaurus

  • citizen — ► NOUN 1) a legally recognized subject or national of a state or commonwealth. 2) an inhabitant of a town or city. DERIVATIVES citizenry noun citizenship noun. ORIGIN Old French citezein, from Latin civitas city …   English terms dictionary

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