chrism
noun Etymology: Middle English crisme, from Old English crisma, from Late Latin chrisma, from Greek, ointment, from chriein to anoint Date: before 12th century consecrated oil used in Greek and Latin churches especially in baptism, chrismation, confirmation, and ordination

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

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  • Chrism — • A mixture of oil of olives and balsam, blessed by a bishop in a special manner and used in the administration of certain sacraments and in the performance of certain ecclesiastical functions Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Chrism… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Chrism — Chrism, n. [OE. crisme, from AS. crisma; also OE. creme, fr. OF. cresme, like the AS. word fr. LL. chrisma, fr. Gr. ?, fr. ? to anoint; perh. akin to L. friare, fricare, to rub, Skr. gharsh, E. friable, friction. Cf. {Chrisom}.] (Gr. & R. C.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • chrism — oil mingled with balm, O.E. chrisma, from Church L. chrisma, from Gk. khrisma an unguent, anointing, unction, from khriein to anoint, from PIE root *ghrei to rub. Chrisom baptismal robe, is a c.1200 variant of this …   Etymology dictionary

  • chrism — [kriz′əm] n. [ME crisme < OE crisma < LL(Ec) chrisma, an anointing, unction < Gr, oil (in Ec use, anointing) < chriein, to rub, anoint: see CHRIST1] 1. consecrated oil used in baptism and other sacraments 2. a sacramental anointing… …   English World dictionary

  • Chrism — Gold vessel for chrism. The vessel is etched with the letters S.C. for sanctum chrisma. Chrism (Greek word literally meaning an anointing ), also called Myrrh (Myron), Holy anointing oil, or Consecrated Oil , is a consecrated oil used in the… …   Wikipedia

  • Chrism — ♦ A mixture of oil and balm, used for sacramental rituals, and distributed annually among the churches. The receipt of chrism from a particular authority reflected a jurisdictional relationship between the issuer and the recipient church.… …   Medieval glossary

  • chrism —    This word (from the Greek chrisma, meaning anointing ) refers to a perfumed oil that is consecrated by a bishop. Chrism is used for anointings in the sacraments of Baptism, Confirmation, and Holy Orders, and also to consecratechurches, altars …   Glossary of theological terms

  • chrism — chrismal, adj. /kriz euhm/, n. a consecrated oil, usually mixed with balsam or balsam and spices, used by certainchurches in various rites, as in baptism, confirmation, and the like. Also, chrisom. [bef. 900; learned respelling of ME crisme, OE… …   Universalium

  • chrism — noun /ˈkɹɪz(ə)m/ A mixture of oil and balm, consecrated for use as an anointing fluid in certain Christian ceremonies, especially confirmation …   Wiktionary

  • Chrism — The oil used at ceremonies such as christening, consecrated by a bishop on Holy Thursday. Balsam was mixed into the oil, its invisible scent representing the holy spirit. [< OldEngl. crisma < Gr. khrisma = anointing oil] Cf. Chrismatory …   Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases

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