chauvinism
noun Etymology: French chauvinisme, from Nicolas Chauvin, character noted for his excessive patriotism and devotion to Napoleon in Théodore and Hippolyte Cogniard's play La Cocarde tricolore (1831) Date: 1851 1. excessive or blind patriotism — compare jingoism 2. undue partiality or attachment to a group or place to which one belongs or has belonged 3. an attitude of superiority toward members of the opposite sex; also behavior expressive of such an attitude • chauvinist noun or adjectivechauvinistic adjectivechauvinistically adverb

New Collegiate Dictionary. 2001.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Chauvinism — Chauvinism, in its original and primary meaning, is an exaggerated, bellicose patriotism and a belief in national superiority and glory.[1] It is an eponym of a possibly fictional French soldier Nicolas Chauvin who was credited with many… …   Wikipedia

  • chauvinism — is still used in its original meaning, associated with the eponymous Napoleonic veteran Nicolas Chauvin, of ‘exaggerated or aggressive patriotism’. In English (though not in French) it has developed a range of extended uses signifying other kinds …   Modern English usage

  • Chauvinism — Chau vin*ism, n. [F. chauvinisme, from Nicolas Chauvin, a character represented as making grotesque and threatening displays of his attachment to his fallen chief, Napoleon I., in 1815 (in the play La Cocarde tricolor, 1831).] 1. Blind and absurd …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • chauvinism — (n.) 1870, exaggerated, blind patriotism, from Fr. chauvinisme (1843), from Nicholas Chauvin, soldier, possibly legendary, of Napoleon s Grand Armee, notoriously attached to the Empire long after it was history. Popularized in France 1831 through …   Etymology dictionary

  • chauvinism — index intolerance Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • chauvinism — [n] extreme devotion to a belief or nation bellicism, ethnocentricity, fanatical patriotism, fanaticism, jingoism, narrowness, nationalism, zealotry; concept 689 Ant. unbias …   New thesaurus

  • chauvinism — ► NOUN 1) exaggerated or aggressive patriotism. 2) excessive or prejudiced support for one s own cause, group, or sex. ORIGIN named after Nicolas Chauvin, a Napoleonic veteran noted for his extreme patriotism …   English terms dictionary

  • chauvinism — [shō′və niz΄əm] n. [Fr chauvinisme, after N. Chauvin, soldier of Napoleon I, notorious for his attachment to the lost imperial cause] 1. militant, unreasoning, and boastful devotion to one s country; jingoism 2. unreasoning devotion to one s race …   English World dictionary

  • chauvinism — noun they have a tendency toward small mindedness and chauvinism Syn: jingoism, excessive patriotism, blind patriotism, excessive nationalism, sectarianism, isolationism, flag waving; xenophobia, racism, ethnocentrism, ethnocentricity;… …   Thesaurus of popular words

  • chauvinism — chauvinist, n. chauvinistic, adj. chauvinistically, adv. /shoh veuh niz euhm/, n. 1. zealous and aggressive patriotism or blind enthusiasm for military glory. 2. biased devotion to any group, attitude, or cause. Cf. male chauvinism. [1865 70; < F …   Universalium

  • chauvinism — I (Roget s IV) n. 1. [Fanatical patriotism] Syn. jingoism, superpatriotism, ultranationalism, hawkishness; see aggression 2 , jingoism , patriotism . 2. [Unreasoning devotion to one s sex, race, etc.] Syn. male chauvinism, female chauvinism,… …   English dictionary for students

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