July 22

Events

*1099 - First Crusade: Godfrey of Bouillon is elected the first Defender of the Holy Sepulchre of The Kingdom of Jerusalem.
*1298 - Wars of Scottish Independence: Battle of Falkirk - King Edward I of England and his longbowmen defeat William Wallace and his Scottish schiltrons outside the town.
*1456 - Ottoman Wars in Europe: Siege of Belgrade - John Hunyadi, Regent of Kingdom of Hungary defeats Mehmet II of Ottoman Empire
*1484 - Battle of Lochmaben Fair - a 500-man raiding party led by Alexander Stewart, Duke of Albany and James Douglas, 9th Earl of Douglas are defeated by Scots forces loyal to Albany's brother James III of Scotland; Douglas is captured.
*1499 - Battle of Dornach - the Swiss decisively defeat the Imperial army of Emperor Maximilian I.
*1587 - Colony of Roanoke: a second group of English settlers arrive on Roanoke Island off North Carolina to re-establish the deserted colony.
*1686 - Albany, New York is formally chartered as a municipality by Governor Thomas Dongan.
*1793 - Alexander Mackenzie reaches the Pacific Ocean becoming the first Euro-American to complete a transcontinental crossing of Canada.
*1796 - Surveyors of the Connecticut Land Company name an area in Ohio "Cleveland" after Gen. Moses Cleaveland, the superintendent of the surveying party.
*1805 - Napoleonic Wars: War of the Third Coalition - Battle of Cape Finisterre - an inconclusive naval action is fought between a combined French and Spanish fleets under Admiral Pierre-Charles Villeneuve of Spain and a British fleet under Admiral Robert Calder.
*1812 - Napoleonic Wars: Peninsular War - Battle of Salamanca - British forces led by Arthur Wellesley (later the Duke of Wellington) defeat French troops near Salamanca, Spain.
*1864 - American Civil War: Battle of Atlanta - outside Atlanta, Georgia, Confederate General John Bell Hood leads an unsuccessful attack on Union troops under General William T. Sherman on Bald Hill.
*1916 - In San Francisco, California, a bomb explodes on Market Street during a Preparedness Day parade killing 10 and injuring 40.
*1933 - Wiley Post becomes the first person to fly solo around the world traveling 15,596 miles in 7 days, 18 hours and 45 minutes.
*1934 - Outside Chicago's Biograph Theatre, "Public Enemy No. 1" John Dillinger is mortally wounded by FBI agents.
*1937 - New Deal: the United States Senate votes down President Franklin D. Roosevelt's proposal to add more justices to the Supreme Court of the United States.
*1942 - The United States government begins compulsory civilian gasoline rationing due to the wartime demands.
* 1942 - Holocaust: the systematic deportation of Jews from the Warsaw Ghetto begins.
*1943 - Allied forces capture the Italian city of Palermo.
*1944 - The Polish Committee of National Liberation publishes its manifesto, starting the period of Communist rule in Poland
*1946 - King David Hotel bombing: Irgun bombs King David Hotel in Jerusalem, headquarters of the British civil and military administration, killing 90.
*1962 - Mariner program: Mariner 1 spacecraft flies erratically several minutes after launch and has to be destroyed.
*1968 - Sir John Newsome recommends public schools should take 50% of their intake from the state school system
*1977 - Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping is restored to power.
*1983 - Martial law in Poland is officially revoked.
*1992 - Near Medellín, Colombian drug lord Pablo Escobar escapes from his luxury prison fearing extradition to the United States.
*1997 - The second Blue Water Bridge opens between Port Huron, Michigan and Sarnia, Ontario.
*2002 - Israel assassinates Salah Shahade, the Commander-in-Chief of Hamas's military arm, the Izz ad-Din al-Qassam Brigades, along with 14 civilians.
*2003 - Members of 101st Airborne of the United States, aided by Special Forces, attack a compound in Iraq, killing Saddam Hussein's sons Uday and Qusay, along with Mustapha Hussein, Qusay's 14-year old son, and a bodyguard.
*2005 - Jean Charles de Menezes is killed by police as the hunt begins for the London Bombers. See 7 July 2005 London bombings and 21 July 2005 London bombings

Births

*1210 - Joan of England, Queen consort of Scotland, wife of Alexander II of Scotland (d. 1238)
*1478 - King Philip I of Castile (d. 1506)
*1510 - Alessandro de' Medici, Duke of Florence (d. 1537)
*1535 - Katarina Stenbock, wife of Gustav I of Sweden (d. 1621)
*1559 - Lawrence of Brindisi, Italian monk (d. 1619)
*1621 - Anthony Ashley-Cooper, 1st Earl of Shaftesbury, English politician (d. 1683)
*1711 - Georg Wilhelm Richmann, Russian physicist (d. 1753)
*1713 - Jacques-Germain Soufflot, French architect (d. 1780)
*1733 - Mikhail Shcherbatov, Russian philosopher and writer (d. 1790)
*1755 - Gaspard de Prony, French mathematician (d. 1839)
*1784 - Friedrich Bessel, German mathematician and astronomer (d. 1846)
*1844 - William Archibald Spooner, English priest and scholar (d. 1930)
*1848 - Adolf Friedrich V, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (d. 1914)
*1849 - Emma Lazarus, American poet (d. 1887)
*1863 - Alec Hearne, Former England cricketer (d. 1952)
*1882 - Edward Hopper, American painter (d. 1967)
*1887 - Gustav Ludwig Hertz, German physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1975)
*1888 - Kirk Bryan, American geologist (d. 1950)
* 1888 - Selman Waksman, Ukrainian/American biochemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1973)
*1889 - James Whale, English film director (d. 1957)
*1890 - Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy, American Kennedy family matriarch (d. 1995)
*1892 - Jack MacBryan, Former England cricketer and Olympic gold medallist (d. 1983)
*1893 - Jesse Haines, American baseball player (d. 1978)
* 1893 - Karl Menninger, American psychiatrist (d. 1990)
*1898 - Stephen Vincent Benét, American author (d. 1943)
* 1898 - Alexander Calder, American artist (d. 1976)
*1905 - Doc Cramer, American baseball player (d. 1990)
*1907 - Zubir Said, Singaporean composer who composed Singapore's national anthem (d. 1987)
*1908 - Amy Vanderbilt, American author (d. 1974)
*1909 - Dorino Serafini, Italian racing driver (d. 2000)
*1913 - Licia Albanese, American opera singer
* 1913 - Gorni Kramer, Italian bandleader (d. 1995)
*1915 - Shaista Suhrawardy Ikramullah, Pakistani politician, diplomat and author. (d. 2000)
*1916 - Gino Bianco, Brazilian racing driver (d. 1984)
* 1916 - Marcel Cerdan, French boxer (d. 1949)
*1921 - William Roth, U.S. Senator (d. 2003)
*1923 - Bob Dole, American politician
* 1923 - Lillian Ellison, American professional wrestler (d. 2007)
* 1923 - Mukesh, Indian singer (d. 1976)
*1924 - Margaret Whiting, American singer
*1928 - Orson Bean, American film actor
*1929 - John Barber, British racing driver
*1932 - Oscar De la Renta, Dominican/American fashion designer
*1934 - Louise Fletcher, American actress
*1935 - Tom Cartwright, Former England cricketer (d. 2007)
*1936 - Tom Robbins, American author
*1937 - Yasuhiro Kojima, Japanese professional wrestler (d. 1999)
* 1937 - John Price, Former England cricketer
* 1937 - Vasant Ranjane, Former Indian cricketer
*1938 - Terence Stamp, English actor
*1939 - Gila Almagor, Israeli actress
* 1940 - Judith Walzer Leavitt, American college professor
* 1940 - Alex Trebek, Canadian game show host
*1941 - George Clinton, American musician
* 1941 - Ron Turcotte, Canadian jockey
*1943 - Kay Bailey Hutchison, U.S. Senator from Texas
* 1943 - Bobby Sherman, American singer and actor
*1944 - Estelle Bennett, American singer (Ronettes)
* 1944 - Rick Davies, British musician (Supertramp)
* 1944 - Dennis Firestone, Australian racing driver
* 1944 - Sparky Lyle, American baseball player
*1946 - Danny Glover, American actor
* 1946 - Mireille Mathieu, French singer
* 1946 - Paul Schrader, American film director and screenwriter
* 1946 - Stephen M. Wolownik, Russian musician (d. 2000)
*1947 - Albert Brooks, American comedian
* 1947 - Gilles Duceppe, Canadian politician
* 1947 - Don Henley, American musician (Eagles)
*1948 - S. E. Hinton, American author
* 1948 - Otto Waalkes, German comedian
*1949 - Alan Menken, American composer
*1949 - Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Ruler of Dubai and PM of UAE
* 1949 - Lasse Virén, Finnish athlete
*1951 - J. V. Cain, American football player (d. 1979)
*1953 - Jimmy Bruno, American jazz guitarist
* 1953 - Sylvia Chang, Taiwanese actress
*1954 - Pierre Lebeau, Canadian actor
* 1954 - Lonette McKee, American actress
* 1954 - Al Di Meola, American guitarist
*1955 - Willem Dafoe, American actor
* 1955 - Asif Ali Zardari, Pakistani politician, President-elect of Pakistan, widower of Benazir Bhutto
*1957 - Dave Stieb, American baseball player
*1958 - David Von Erich, American professional wrestler (d. 1984)
* 1958 - Tatsunori Hara, Japanese professional-baseball player and coach
*1960 - Jon Oliva, American musician (Savatage)
*1961 - Calvin Fish, English racing driver
* 1961 - Keith Sweat, American singer
*1962 - Steve Albini, American writer, recording engineer and musician (Big Black, Rapeman, Shellac)
* 1962 - Martine St. Clair, Canadian singer
*1963 - Emilio Butragueno, Spanish footballer
* 1963 - Rob Estes, American actor
* 1963 - Emily Saliers, American singer (Indigo Girls)
*1964 - Rafael Addison, American basketball player
* 1964 - Adam Godley, British actor
* 1964 - John Leguizamo, Colombian actor
* 1964 - Don Van Natta, Jr., American journalist
* 1964 - David Spade, American comedian
*1965 - Patrick Labyorteaux, American actor
*1965 - Shawn Michaels, American professional wrestler
*1966 - Shaun Cohen, South African professional wrestler
* 1966 - Tim Brown, American football player
*1967 - Lauren Booth, British journalist
* 1967 - Pat Badger, American musician Extreme
*1968 - Rhys Ifans, Welsh actor
*1969 - Despina Vandi, Greek singer
*1970 - Jason Becker, American musician
* 1970 - Craig Baird, New Zealander racing driver
* 1970 - Sergei Zubov, Russian ice hockey player
*1971 - Kristine Lilly, American soccer player
*1972 - Colin Ferguson, Canadian actor
* 1972 - Seth Fisher, American comic book artist and penciller (d.2006)
* 1972 - Keyshawn Johnson, American football player
*1973 - Ronald Ray Howard, American murderer (d. 2005)
* 1973 - Daniel Jones, Australian musician (Savage Garden)
* 1973 - Mike Sweeney, American baseball player
* 1973 - Rufus Wainwright, Canadian singer
*1974 - Franka Potente, German actress
* 1974 - Sonija Kwok, Hong Kong actress
*1977 - Gustavo Nery, Brazilian footballer
*1978 - Dennis Rommedahl, Danish footballer
*1978 - A. J. Cook, Canadian actress
* 1978 - Martyn Lee, English radio presenter
* 1978 - Runako Morton, West Indian cricketer
*1979 - Lucas Luhr, German racing driver
* 1979 - Yadel Martí, Cuban baseball player
* 1979 - James Mason, British professional wrestler
*1980 - Scott Dixon, New Zealand racing driver
* 1980 - Dirk Kuyt, Dutch footballer
* 1980 - Kate Ryan, Belgian singer
* 1980 - Tablo, Korean hip-hop musician (Epik High)
*1982 - Nuwan Kulasekara, Sri lankan cricketer
*1983 - Arsenium, Moldovan singer (O-Zone)
* 1983 - Steven Jackson, American football player
* 1983 - Sharni Vinson, Australian actress and model
*1984 - Stewart Downing, English footballer
* 1984 - Kinzie Kenner, American pornographic actress
*1985 - Takudzwa Ngwenya, Zimbabwean/American rugby player
* 1985 - Akira Tozawa, Japanese professional wrestler
*1992 - Selena Gomez, American actress
*1997 - Field Cate, American actor
*1998 - Madison Pettis, American actress
*2002 - Prince Felix of Denmark

Deaths

*1362 - Louis of Durazzo, Italian soldier (b. 1324)
*1387 - Franz Ackerman, Flemish statesman (b. 1330)
*1461 - Charles VII of France (b. 1403)
*1525 - Richard Wingfield, English diplomat
*1540 - John Zápolya, King of Hungary
*1619 - Lawrence of Brindisi, Italian monk (b. 1559)
*1633 - Trijntje Keever, presumed to have been the tallest woman ever (b.1616)
*1645 - Gaspar de Guzmán y Pimentel, Count-Duke of Olivares, Spanish statesman (b. 1587)
*1676 - Pope Clement X (b. 1590)
*1726 - Hugh Drysdale, British Colonial Governor of Virginia
*1734 - Peter King, 1st Baron King, Lord Chancellor of England
*1789 - Joseph-François Foulon, French administrator (b. 1715)
*1802 - Marie François Xavier Bichat, French anatomist (b. 1771)
*1826 - Giuseppe Piazzi, Italian astronomer (b. 1746)
*1832 - Napoleon II of France (b. 1811)
*1852 - Auguste Marmont, French marshal (b. 1774)
*1864 - James B. McPherson, American army general, in the Battle of Atlanta (b. 1828)
*1869 - John A. Roebling, German-American civil engineer (Brooklyn Bridge), (b. 1806)
*1902 - Mieczysław Halka Ledóchowski, Polish Catholic Cardinal (b. 1822)
*1903 - Cassius Marcellus Clay, American emancipationist (b. 1810)
*1904 - Wilson Barrett, English actor (b. 1846)
*1908 - William Randal Cremer, Nobel Peace Prize laureate (b. 1828)
*1915 - Sir Sandford Fleming, Canadian engineer and inventor (b. 1827)
*1916 - James Whitcomb Riley, American author and poet (b. 1849)
*1918 - Indra Lal Roy, Indian pilot (b. 1898)
*1920 - William Kissam Vanderbilt, member of the Vanderbilt family (b. 1849)
*1922 - Jokichi Takamine, Japanese chemist (b. 1854)
*1932 - Errico Malatesta, Italian anarchist (b. 1853)
* 1932 - Florenz Ziegfeld, theatrical producer (b. 1867)
* 1932 - Reginald Fessenden, Canadian inventor and radio pioneer (b. 1866)
*1934 - John Dillinger, American bank robber (b. 1903)
*1950 - William Lyon Mackenzie King, 10th Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1874)
*1958 - Mikhail Zoshchenko, Russian writer (b. 1895)
*1967 - Carl Sandburg, American poet (b. 1878)
*1968 - Giovannino Guareschi, Italian journalist (b. 1908)
*1970 - George Johnston, Australian journalist and novelist (b. 1912)
*1974 - Wayne Morse, U.S. Senator from Oregon (b. 1900)
*1979 - Sándor Kocsis, Hungarian footballer (b. 1929)
*1988 - Duane Jones, American actor (b. 1936)
*1989 - Martti Talvela, Finnish bass (b. 1935)
*1990 - Manuel Puig, Argentinian writer (b. 1932)
*1992 - Wayne McLaren, portrayed the Marlboro Man (b. 1940)
*1995 - Harold Larwood, Former England cricketer (b. 1904)
*1996 - Rob Collins, English musician (The Charlatans) (b. 1956)
*1998 - Hermann Prey, German bass-baritone (b. 1929)
*1999 - Gar Samuelson, American musician (Megadeth) (b. 1958)
*2000 - Eric Christmas, British actor (b. 1916)
* 2000 - Carmen Martín Gaite, Spanish author (b. 1925)
* 2000 - Claude Sautet, French film director (b. 1924)
*2001 - Indro Montanelli, Italian journalist and historian (b. 1909)
*2003 - Qusay Hussein, son of Saddam Hussein (b. 1966)
* 2003 - Uday Hussein, son of Saddam Hussein (b. 1964)
* 2003 - Wahome Muthahi, Kenyan humourist (b. 1954)
*2004 - Sacha Distel, French singer (b. 1933)
* 2004 - George Kidd, Canadian diplomat (b. 1917)
* 2004 - Illinois Jacquet, American jazz saxophonist (b. 1922)
*2005 - Eugene Record American songwriter and singer (The Chi-Lites) (b. 1940)
* 2005 - Jean Charles de Menezes, Brazilian electrician killed by Scotland Yard (b. 1978)
*2006 - José Antonio Delgado, Venezuelan mountain climber (b. 1965)
* 2006 - James E. West, mayor of Spokane, Washington (b. 1950)
*2007 - Jarrod Cunningham New Zealand rugby player (b. 1968)
* 2007 - Mike Coolbaugh former baseball player and coach (b.1972)
* 2007 - Ulrich Mühe, German actor (b. 1953)
* 2007 - Rollie Stiles, American baseball player (b. 1906)
* 2007 - Laszlo Kovacs, Hungarian-born cinematographer (b. 1933)
*2008 - Estelle Getty American comedic actress (b. 1923)
* 2008 - Greg Burson American Voice Actor (b. 1949)

Holidays and observances

*Swaziland - Birthday of former King Sobhuza II
*Ratcatcher's Day, commemorates the Pied Piper of Hamelin.
*Pi Approximation Day (22/7 is approximately equal to π)
*Abd-al-Masih, saint and martyr
*Saint Mary Magdalene [Paris, Bruges]

External links

* [http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/july/22 BBC: On This Day]
*
* [http://www1.sympatico.ca/cgi-bin/on_this_day?mth=Jul&day=22 On This Day in Canada] ----


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • July 22, 2005 — July 22 2005 (Friday)* A bomb explodes from beneath a car in the Lebanese Capital of Beirut causing injuries, but no deaths. [http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle east/4709155.stm (BBC)] *About 88 people are killed and 200 injured in a series of car …   Wikipedia

  • July 22, 2003 — July 22, 2003= *John Manley, Deputy Prime Minister of Canada, drops out of the race to succeed Jean Chrétien as leader of the Liberal Party of Canada and Prime Minister after conceding he cannot catch front runner Paul Martin, Jr.. [… …   Wikipedia

  • July 22 in rail transport — Events 19th century * 1871 ndash; The Canada Centrail Railway holds an official groundbreaking ceremony at Renfrew for the railroad s section between there and Sand Point, Ontario. * 1897 ndash; At the railroad s first stockholder meeting, the… …   Wikipedia

  • July 22 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics) — July 21 Eastern Orthodox Church calendar July 232005*Fasting day *5th Friday after Pentecost *Romans 16:1 16 *Matthew 13:4 9Fixed commemorationsAll fixed commemorations below are observed on August 4 by Old Calendaristsaints*Holy Myrrh bearer and …   Wikipedia

  • Solar eclipse of July 22, 2009 — Infobox Solar eclipse date=July 22, 2009 caption = map caption = Solar eclipse of July 22, 2009 type ref = nature = gamma = 0.0696 magnitude = 1.0799 saros = 136 saros sequence = 37 saros total = 71 max eclipse ref = duration = 398 s (6 min 38.8… …   Wikipedia

  • July 2005 in rail transport — July events July 1 ndash; July 2 ; July 1:* flagicon|India Indian Railways is expected to inaugurate two new Shatabdi Express passenger trains, one between Chennai and Bangalore and a new Jan Shatabdi Express between Madgaon and Mangalore. July 3 …   Wikipedia

  • July — is the seventh month of the year in the Gregorian Calendar and one of seven Gregorian months with the length of 31 days. It is, on average, the warmest month in most of the Northern hemisphere (where it is the second month of summer) and the… …   Wikipedia

  • July 2002 — January February March April May June July August September October November DecemberEventsSee also: * Timeline of the War in Afghanistan (July 2002) July 1, 2002 * A Russian Tupolev Tu 154 airliner and a Boeing 757 operated by DHL collide at 35 …   Wikipedia

  • July 9 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics) — July 8 Eastern Orthodox Church calendar July 10All fixed commemorations below celebrated on July 22 by Old Calendaristsaints*Hieromartyr Pancratius, Bishop of Taormina in Sicily (1st century) *Hieromartyr Cyril of Gortyna in Crete, bishop (4th… …   Wikipedia

  • July 21 (Eastern Orthodox liturgics) — July 20 Eastern Orthodox Church calendar July 222005*5th Thursday after Pentecost *Romans 15:17 29 *Matthew 12:46 13:3Fixed commemorationsAll fixed commemorations below are observed on August 3 by Old Calendaristsaints*Venerable Simeon of Emessa …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”