- Sunni Tehreek
Sunni Tehreek is religious and political party of the
Barelwi SunniMovement in Pakistan. Sunni Tehreek is Religious, Social and Political Party of AHL-E-SUNNAH of Pakistan that believes in Practical Struggle for securing the aims rather than raising wain Slogans. [cite web|url=http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/articleshow/1011659.cms|title=Karachi suicide blasts have Al-Qaida links|publisher= The Times of India|accessdate=2008-04-13|last=|first=]
In the late 1990s, Sunni Tehreek arose in Karachi under the charismatic leadership of Riaz Hussain Shah of Multan. Because ofits aggressive claim on the refugee population in the city it fell foul of the
MQMwhich delayed the spread of its influence for some time. Maulana Saleem Qadri , Maulana Abbas Qadri, Akram Qadri and Dr Qadeer were Some of the Central Leaders Who were assassinated by the terrorists in order to decrease its impact.
After the split and decline in the MQM ranks, it has arisen as an opposite pole to the Deobandi headquarters of Banuri Mosque headed by Mufti Nizamuddin Shamzai with direct links to the jehad and its two leaders, Mullah Umar in Afghanistan and
Maulana Fazal-ur-Rehmanof the JUIin Pakistan. The Sunni Tehreek has shown aggression in its protest against the giving of important religious posts to Deobandis. Its branch in Lahore has become quite outspoken and has publicly declared its opposition to the appointment of a Deobandi cleric as khateeb of Badshahi Mosqueand other similar appointments.. [ [http://insaf.net/pipermail/sacw_insaf.net/1988/000775.html [sacw SACW Dispatch | 9 Sept. 00 ] ]
In the Late 1990s Sunni Tehreek was established by Maulana Saleem Qadri to secure the rights of Sunnis which were on stake at the hands of so called Davebandi, Wahabi Jihadis extremists who belive in killings of innocent people in suicide bombings as Jihaad. He was martyred with his 5 Companions on 18 May 2001 in Karachi. After that Mualana Abbas qadri took the great task. But he tto along 3 other top leaders was martyred in a suicide blast in a Milad sharif rally at Nishtar Park at April 11, 2006. The party is working hard remaining peaceful and we are hopeful that state driven aggressions will not pull it back.
Leading the Movements
The Sunni Tehreek is reviving the Khatm-e-Nabuwwat movementagainst the
Qadianisect which was wrested from the Barelvis in the 1980s by the Deobandis in Punjab. The first Khatm-e-Nabuwwatmovement was led by Maulana Abdul Sattar Khan Niazi of the Barelvi Jamiat Ulema-e-Pakistan(JUP) but it is today led by a Deobandicleric, Manzur Chinioti. [ [http://insaf.net/pipermail/sacw_insaf.net/1988/000775.html [sacw SACW Dispatch | 9 Sept. 00 ] ]
Victim of Terrorism
At least 57 people were killed and over 200 injured when a bomb ripped through a religious congregation in Karachi on April 11, 2006. Called to celebrate the birthday of the Prophet Mohammad, the congregation had been organised by the Jamaat Ahl-e-Sunnat, a Barelvi sectarian organisation that is opposed to Islamist groups affiliated to the Deobandi and Salafi traditions, such as the Jamaat-ud-Dawa, the Tablighi Jamaat and the Jamaat Ahl-e-Hadis.
Experts believe that the bombers targeted Abbas Qadri, Amir or supreme leader of the
Sunni Tehreek, a Barelwiorganisation fighting since 1992 to regain mosques which it claims were usurped by the sect's opponents. Sunni Tehreek leaders claim to have seized at least 62 Deobandi and Salafimosques between 1992 and 2002 in ways that have on occasion sparked violence.
In May 2001, murderous sectarian riots broke out after Sunni Tehreek leader Saleem Qadri was assassinated by the Sipah Sahaba Pakistan(SSP), a Deoband-affiliated terrorist group. His successor, Abbas Qadri, charged President
Pervez Musharraf's regime with "patronising terrorists" and "standing between us and the murderers." [ [http://www.southasiamonitor.org/2006/apr/news/20view2.shtml South Asia Monitor > ] ]
When the SSP’s Karachi finance secretary was arrested after the murder of Sunni Tehreek chief Saleem Qadri , he revealed that his organisation received 32 lakh rupees a year from Karachi for the purposes of posting bail, assisting its imprisoned activists and the families of deceased activists. This entire amount was reportedly kept as “amanat” (safe custody) with one Maulvi Saadur Rehman, head of a religious school in Karachi and the withdrawals were made through written messages. [ [http://www.newsline.com.pk/NewsFeb2002/coverfeb3.htm Moving Target ] ]
While banning the strongly Deobandi SSP, Musharraf has refrained from banning the strongly Barelwi Sunni Tehreek and the Tanzeem. The Deobandis became quite powerful under Zia, himself a devout Deobandi, but numerically they are in a minority in Pakistan's Sunni community. By sparing the Barelvi organisations, Musharraf has sought to ensure that the majority Barelvis would not create trouble for him. [ [http://www.hvk.org/articles/0102/71.html Musharraf's Ban: An Analysis ] ]
Fund Raising and MQM
While the Sunni Tehrik and the
MQMhave been countering the activities of the Deobandis, Wahabis and Salafis and their attempts to Arabise and Wahabise the Indian Muslim migrants (Mohajirs) to Pakistan, they have at the same time been quarreling with each other over the collection of funds from the Mohajirs for their respective political activities.
Politically, while the Urdu-speaking Indian Muslim migrants to Pakistan from Bihar and Uttar Pradesh support the MQM, the Gujarati speaking migrants (Bohras and Memons) support the Sunni Tehrik with funds. The migrants from
Biharand Uttar Pradeshcame from a poor or middle class background---landless labourers, petty traders, money-lenders, bureaucrats--- but the migrants from Gujarat came from a rich background (businessmen). It is said that Karachi's economy is largely controlled by the Memons and other Gujarati-speaking Muslims. They give more funds to the Sunni Tehreekthan to the MQM. [ [http://www.southasiaanalysis.org/%5Cpapers18%5Cpaper1767.html DECAPITATION ATTACK ON ANTI-SALAFI GROUP IN KARACHI, INTERNATIONAL TERRORISM MONITOR: PAPER NO. 44 ] ]
* [http://www.sunnitehreek.com.pk/intro-urdu.html Official Website of Sunni Tehreek]
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