Transport in Angola

Transport in Angola comprises:

Railways

* "total:" 2,761 km
* "narrow gauge:" mainly 2,638 km of Cape gauge, 1067 mm or 3’ 6’’. There is also 123 km of 0.600-m gauge (2002)

There are three separate lines which do not link up. The major railway is the Benguela railway. A fourth system once linked Gunza and Gabala.

Railways in Angola suffered a lot of damage in the civil war, particularly the Benguela railway. A $4b project is proposed to restore the lines, and even to extend the system. It was reported in January 2008 that the repair of the Northern Line (a.k.a. Luanda Railway), started in October 2003 will be completed by August 2008. The work was carried out by the Chinese firm MEC-TEC. [http://allafrica.com/stories/200801220124.html Angola: Repair of Luanda Railway Complete in August] ]

A link to Namibia is partly under construction.

Railway links to adjacent countries

* Republic of Congo - no - same 1067mm gauge
* DR Congo - no - Lobito - Lubumbashi restoration link proposed.
* Namibia - no - same gauge - links proposed and partially under construction in 2005.
* Zambia - no

Maps

* [http://www.un.org/Depts/Cartographic/map/profile/angola.pdf UNJLC Map]

* [http://www.reliefweb.int/rw/fullMaps_Af.nsf/luFullMap/4C2BCBA5561DCD498525706900768B6A/$File/unhcr_REF_ago300605.pdf?OpenElement Map]

Towns served by rail

North line

(Also known as "Luanda Railway") (originally 1000mm gauge converted to 1067mm in 1950s)
* Luanda - port - capital
* Caxito - branch terminus
* Ndalatando
* Golungo Alto - branch terminus
* Zenza do Itombel - junction
* Dondo - branch terminus
* Malanje - terminus

* Musseques
* Viana

Middle line

(610mm gauge)

* Gunza - port
* Gabala - terminus at mine

Central line (Benguela Railway)

( Always 1067mm gauge)

* Benguela - port
* Lobito - port
* Cubal
* Ganda - junction
* Huambo - workshops
* Kuito
* Camacupa
* Cuemba
* Chicala
* Luena
* Luau - border with Congo
* Dilola, Congo

South Line

( originally 600mm gauge but was converted to 1067mm gauge in the 1950s. [ http://53.1911encyclopedia.org/Angola_%28Portuguese_West_Africa%29 ] )

* Namibe - port
* Bibala
* Lubango - (246km) - junction
* Matala - intermediate station
* Dongo - (500km) - junction
* Cubango
* Cuchi
* Menongue - terminus (756km)----
* Lubango - junction
* Chiange - branch terminus (150km) which may be extended to link with flagicon|Namibia Namibia.----
* Dongo, Huila, Angola - junction
* Cassinga - iron ore
* Chamutete - branch terminus

Proposed

* Cuvelai
* Ondjiva - provincial capital
* Santa Clara - near border

Timeline

2008

* July 2008 - 1000km connection to Republic of Congo proposed [ [http://railwaysafrica.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=3032&Itemid=35 Railways Africa - NORTHERN ANGOLAN RAIL LINK-UP ] ]

2007

* 26 October, 2007 - talks between Angola and Namibia regarding the link between Namibia and Chamutete. [ [http://railwaysafrica.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=1863&Itemid=35 Railways Africa - ANGOLA-NAMIBIA LINK ] ]

Highways

* "total:" 76,626 km
* "paved:" 19,156 km
* "unpaved:" 57,470 km (1997 est.)

Travel on highways outside of towns and cities in Angola (and in some cases within) is often not best advised for those without four-by-four vehicles. Whilst a reasonable roads infrastructure has existed within Angola, time and the war have taken their toll on the road surfaces, leaving many severely potholed, littered with broken asphalt. In many areas drivers have established alternate tracks to avoid the worst parts of the surface, although careful attention must be paid to the presence or absence of landmine warning markers by the side of the road.

The Angolan government has contracted the restoration of many of the country's roads, though. Many companies are coming into the country from China and surrounding nations to help improve road surfaces. The road between Lubango and Namibe, for example, was completed recently with funding from the European Union, and is comparable to many European main routes. Progress to complete the road infrastructure is likely to take some decades, but substantial efforts are already being made in the right directions.

Waterways

* 1,295 km navigable

Pipelines

* crude oil 179 km

Ports and harbors

Atlantic Ocean

* from North to South
* Ambriz
* Cabinda
* Luanda - railhead for Malanje
* Lobito - railhead for Congo
* Malongo
* Namibe - railhead for Menongue
* Porto Amboim
* Soyo

Merchant marine

Airports

* 243 (2002)

Airports - with paved runways

* "total:" 32
* "over 3,047 m:" 4
* "2,438 to 3,047 m:" 8
* "1,524 to 2,437 m:" 14
* "914 to 1,523 m:" 5
* "under 914 m:" 1 (2002 est.)

Airports - with unpaved runways

* "total:" 211 (2002)
* "over 3,047 m:" 2
* "2,438 to 3,047 m:" 4
* "1,524 to 2,437 m:" 30
* "914 to 1,523 m:" 95
* "under 914 m:" 80 (2002 est.)

National Airline

* TAAG Angola Airlines

References

"This article comes from the CIA World Factbook 2003."


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Transport in the Democratic Republic of the Congo — Diagrammatic Map of ground and water transport in the DR Congo in 2000 (roads) and 2006 (waterways and railways) Ground transport in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has always been difficult. The terrain and climate of the Congo Basin… …   Wikipedia

  • Transport in Zambia — Railways in Zambia= Total: 2,164 km (1995)Zambia Rail Network Map [http://www.railtracker.org/RailAFFILIATES/Railways/ZR/zrrailnt.htm Railtracker (ACIS/UNCTAD) Zambia Railway Network Diagram] Principal lines* Zambia Railways Limited (ZRL) 1.067 m …   Wikipedia

  • Transport in Namibia — Railways * See Railways in Namibia * In 2005, line to Ondangwa near Angolan border is under construction.Railways in Namibia are operated by TransNamib. total: 2,382 km narrow gauge: 2,382 km 1067 mm gauge; single track (2002, 1995) Railway links …   Wikipedia

  • Transport in Morocco — Contents 1 Government policy 2 Railways 2.1 High speed Lines 2.2 Other new routes 2.3 …   Wikipedia

  • Transport in Tunisia — Tunisia has a number of international airports to service its sizable tourist trade. Tunis is the center of the transport system as the largest city having the largest port and a light transit system. Contents 1 Railways 1.1 Railway links to… …   Wikipedia

  • Transport in present-day nations and states — Transport or transportation is the movement of people and goods from one place to another. It is an important factor for every country, in order to maintain a strong economy, for military defense, and for access to and between a country s people …   Wikipedia

  • Kuba in Angola — In diesem Artikel geht es im wesentlichen um den militärischen Teil des kubanischen Engagements in Angola, das darüber hinaus noch in einem bedeutenden zivilen Teil bestand. Kuba intervenierte auf Seiten der angolanischen Befreiungsfront… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mining in Angola — Angola is the third largest producer of diamonds in Africa and has only explored 40% of the diamond rich territory within the country, but has had difficulty in attracting foreign investment because of corruption, human rights violations, and… …   Wikipedia

  • Agriculture in Angola — This article speaks of the agriculture of Angola and its change from serfdom to industrialization.HistoryBy the end of the colonial period, a variety of crops and livestock were produced in Angola. In the north, cassava, coffee, and cotton were… …   Wikipedia

  • Corruption in Angola — Overview of the index of perception of corruption, 2007 Corruption in Angola is a pervasive phenomenon, hindering economic growth and government sponsored liberalization programs.[1] Contents …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”