June 10

Events

*1190 - Third Crusade: Frederick I Barbarossa drowns in the Sally River while leading an army to Jerusalem.
*1539 - Council of Trent: Paul III sends out letters to his bishops, delaying the Council due to war and the difficulty bishops had traveling to Venice.
*1619 - Thirty Years' War: Battle of Záblatí, a turning point in the Bohemian Revolt.
*1692 - Salem witch trials: Bridget Bishop is hanged at Gallows Hill near Salem, Massachusetts, for "certaine Detestable Arts called Witchcraft & Sorceries".
*1719 - Jacobite Rising: Battle of Glen Shiel.
*1770 - Captain James Cook runs aground on the Great Barrier Reef.
*1786 - A landslide dam on the Dadu River created by an earthquake ten days earlier collapses, killing 100,000 in the Sichuan province of China.
*1793 - The Jardin des Plantes museum opens in Paris. A year later, it becomes the first public zoo.
* 1793 - French Revolution: Following the arrests of Girondin leaders the Jacobins gain control of the Committee of Public Safety installing the "revolutionary dictatorship".
*1805 - First Barbary War: Yussif Karamanli signs a treaty ending hostilities with the United States.
*1829 - The first Boat Race between the University of Oxford and the University of Cambridge takes place.
*1838 - Myall Creek Massacre in Australia: 28 Aboriginal Australians are murdered.
*1854 - The first class of the United States Naval Academy students graduate.
*1864 - American Civil War: Battle of Brice's Crossroads – Confederate troops under Nathan Bedford Forrest defeat a much larger Union force led by General Samuel D. Sturgis in Mississippi.
*1871 - Sinmiyangyo: Captain McLane Tilton leads 109 Marines in naval attack on Han River forts on Kanghwa Island, Korea.
*1886 - Mount Tarawera in New Zealand erupts, killing 153 people and destroying the famous Pink and White Terraces.
*1898 - Spanish-American War: U.S. Marines land on the island of Cuba.
*1918 - The Austro-Hungarian battleship SMS Szent Istvan sinks after being torpedoed by an Italian MAS motorboat.
*1924 - Fascists kidnap and kill Italian socialist leader Giacomo Matteotti in Rome.
*1925 - Inaugural service for the United Church of Canada, a union of Presbyterian, Methodist, and Congregationalist churches held in Toronto Arena.
*1935 - Dr. Robert Smith takes his last drink, and Alcoholics Anonymous is founded in Akron, Ohio, United States, by him and Bill Wilson.
*1940 - World War II: Italy declares war on France and the United Kingdom.
* 1940 - World War II: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt denounces Italy's actions with his [ftp://webstorage2.mcpa.virginia.edu/library/nara/fdr/audiovisual/speeches/fdr_1940_0610.mp3 "Stab in the Back"] speech at the graduation ceremonies of the University of Virginia.
* 1940 - World War II: German forces, under General Erwin Rommel, reach the English Channel.
* 1940 - World War II: Canada declares war on Italy.
* 1940 - World War II: Norway surrenders to German forces.
*1942 - World War II: Nazis burn the Czech village of Lidice in reprisal for the killing of Reinhard Heydrich.
*1944 - World War II: 642 men, women and children are killed in the Oradour-sur-Glane Massacre in France.
* 1944 - World War II: In Distomo, Boeotia Prefecture, Greece 218 men, women and children are massacred by German troops.
* 1944 - In baseball, 15-year old Joe Nuxhall of the Cincinnati Reds becomes the youngest player ever in a major-league game.
*1945 - Australian Imperial Forces land in Brunei Bay to liberate Brunei.
*1947 - Saab produces its first automobile.
*1965 - Vietnam War: The Battle of Dong Xoai begins.
*1967 - Six-Day War ends: Israel and Syria agree to a cease-fire.
* 1967 - Argentina becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.
*1973 - John Paul Getty III, grandson of billionaire J. Paul Getty, is kidnapped in Rome, Italy.
*1974 - Brandon Ramirez, noted visionary and graphics designer born in TJ, Mexico. Known as the father of Rambo the next generation.
*1977 - James Earl Ray escapes from Brushy Mountain State Prison in Petros, Tennessee, but is recaptured on June 13.
* 1977 - Apple Computer ships its first Apple II personal computer.
*1978 - Costa Rica becomes a member of the Berne Convention copyright treaty.
*1980 - The African National Congress in South Africa publishes a call to fight from their imprisoned leader Nelson Mandela.
*1996 - Peace talks begin in Northern Ireland without Sinn Féin.
*1997 - Khmer Rouge leader Pol Pot orders the killing of his defense chief Son Sen and 11 of Sen's family members before Pol Pot flees his northern stronghold.
*1999 - Kosovo War: NATO suspends its air strikes after Slobodan Milošević agrees to withdraw Serbian forces from Kosovo.
*2001 - Pope John Paul II canonizes Lebanon's first female saint Saint Rafqa
*2002 - The first direct electronic communication experiment between the nervous systems of two humans is carried out by Kevin Warwick in the United Kingdom.
*2003 - The Spirit Rover is launched, beginning NASA's Mars Exploration Rover mission.
*2008 - The Gora Prai airstrike by the United States reportedly kills 11 Pakistani paramilitary troops.

Births

*1213 - Fakhruddin 'Iraqi, Persian philosopher
*1632 - Esprit Fléchier, French writer and bishop (d. 1710)
*1637 - Jacques Marquette, French Jesuit missionary and explorer (d. 1675)
*1657 - James Cragg the Elder, British politician (d. 1721)
*1688 - James Francis Edward Stuart (d. 1766)
*1706 - John Dollond, English optician (d. 1761)
*1710 - James Short, Scottish mathematician (d. 1768)
*1753 - William Eustis, 12th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1825)
*1803 - Henry Darcy, French scientist (d. 1858)
*1804 - Hermann Schlegel, German ornithologist (d. 1884)
*1825 - Sondre Norheim, Norwegian skier (d. 1897)
*1819 - Gustave Courbet, French painter (d. 1877)
*1825 - Princess Hildegard of Bavaria d. 1864
*1835 - Rebecca Latimer Felton, U.S. Senator (d. 1930)
*1839 - Ludvig Holstein-Ledreborg, Council President of Denmark (d. 1912)
*1840 - Theodor Philipsen Danish painter (d. 1920)
*1861 - Pierre Duhem, French physicist (d. 1916)
*1862 - Mrs. Leslie Carter, American actress (d. 1937)
*1863 - Louis Couperus, Dutch novelist (d. 1923)
*1880 - André Derain, French painter (d. 1954)
*1889 - Sessue Hayakawa, Japanese actor (d. 1973)
*1891 - Al Dubin, American lyricist (d. 1945)
*1895 - Hattie McDaniel, American actress (d. 1952)
*1901 - Frederick Loewe, Austrian-born composer (d. 1988)
*1907 - Fairfield Porter, American painter (d. 1975)
*1908 - Robert Cummings, American actor (d. 1990)
*1910 - Howlin' Wolf, American musician (d. 1976)
* 1910 - Frank Demaree, American baseball player (d. 1958)
* 1910 - Robert Still, English composer (d. 1971)
*1911 - Ralph Kirkpatrick, American musician and musicologist (d. 1984)
* 1911 - Terence Rattigan, British playwright (d. 1977)
*1912 - Jean Lesage, Premier of Quebec (d. 1980)
*1913 - Tikhon Khrennikov, Russian composer (d. 2007)
*1915 - Saul Bellow, Nobel laureate (d. 2005)
*1918 - Barry Morse, British-born Canadian actor (d. 2008)
*1919 - Kevin O'Flanagan, Irish athlete and physician (d. 2006)
*1919 - Haidar Abdel-Shafi, Palestinian Negotiator and community leader (d. 2007)
*1921 - Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh
* 1921 - Jean Robic, French cyclist (d. 1980)
*1922 - Judy Garland, American musical actress (d. 1969)
*1923 - Robert Maxwell, Slovakian-born newspaperman (d. 1991)
*1925 - Nat Hentoff, American historian, novelist, jazz critic, and columnist
*1926 - Lionel Jeffries, British actor
*1927 - Lin Yang-kang, Chinese politician
* 1927 - Ladislao Kubala, Hungarian-born footballer (d. 2002)
*1928 - Maurice Sendak, American writer
*1929 - Harald Juhnke, German actor and comedian (d. 2005)
* 1929 - Ian McCahon Sinclair, Australian politician
* 1929 - E. O. Wilson, American biologist
*1931 - João Gilberto, Brazilian singer and guitarist
*1932 - Branko Lustig, film producer
*1933 - Georgi Atanasov, Bulgarian Prime Minister
* 1933 - F. Lee Bailey, American attorney
*1935 - Vic Elford, British racing driver
*1940 - Augie Auer, Meteorologist and television presenter (d. 2007)
* 1940 - John Stevens, British drummer (d. 1994)
*1941 - Jürgen Prochnow, German actor
* 1941 - Mickey Jones, American musician and actor
* 1941 - Shirley Owens, American singer (Shirelles)
* 1941 - David Walker, Australian racing driver
*1942 - Preston Manning, Canadian politician
*1947 - Ken Singleton, American baseball player
*1949 - John Sentamu, Archbishop of York
*1950 - Elias Sosa, Major League Baseball pitcher
*1951 - Dan Fouts, American football player
*1953 - John Edwards, American politician and lawyer
*1956 - Georg Borwin, Duke of Mecklenburg, head of the House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
*1957 - Lindsay Hoyle, British politician
* 1957 - Hidetsugu Aneha, Japanese architect
*1959 - Eliot Spitzer, American politician
* 1959 - Carlo Ancelotti, A.C. Milan coach
*1960 - Balakrishna Nandamuri, Indian actor
* 1960 - Maxi Priest, American musician
*1961 - Kim Deal, American musician (Pixies), (The Breeders)
* 1961 - Kelley Deal, American musician (The Breeders)
*1962 - Gina Gershon, American actress
* 1962 - Koma Wong Ka-Kui, Hong Kong musician (Beyond) (d. 1993)
* 1962 - Vincent Perez, Swiss actor
* 1962 - Akie Abe, current First Lady of Japan
* 1962 - Brent Sutter, Canadian ice hockey player
*1963 - Brad Henry, American politician (current Oklahoma governor)
* 1963 - Jeanne Tripplehorn, American actress
*1964 - Jimmy Chamberlin, American musician (The Smashing Pumpkins)
* 1964 - Ben Daniels, British actor
* 1964 - Tony Martin, Australian comedian
*1965 - Elizabeth Hurley, English model and actress
*1966 - David Platt, English footballer
*1967 - Emma Anderson, British guitarist and songwriter (Lush, Sing-Sing)
*1968 - Bill Burr, American comedian
* 1968 - Jimmy Shea, American skeleton racer
* 1968 - The D.O.C., American rapper
*1969 - Ronny Johnsen, Norwegian footballer
* 1969 - Kate Snow, American TV journalist
*1970 - Mike Doughty, American singer
* 1971 - Bobby Jindal, American politician; Louisiana Congressman, Governor
*1971 - Joel Hailey, American singer
* 1971 - Bruno N'Gotty, French footballer
* 1971 - Kyle Sandilands, Australian radio host and TV personality
*1972 - Steven Fischer, American film producer and director
*1972 - Radmila Šekerinska, Macedonian politician
*1973 - Faith Evans, American singer
* 1973 - Pokey Reese, American baseball player
* 1973 - Flesh-N-Bone, American rapper, (Bone Thugs-N-Harmony)
*1975 - Henrik Pedersen, Danish footballer
* 1975 - Risto Jussilainen, Finnish ski jumper
*1976 - Freddy García, American baseball player
* 1976 - Hadi Saei Bonehkohal, Persian taekwondoka
* 1976 - Stefan Postma, Dutch footballer
* 1976 - Esther Ouwehand, Dutch politician, parliamentarian for the Party for the Animals
*1977 - Takako Matsu, Japanese singer and actress
* 1977 - Adam Darski, Polish musician most known for being the leader of Behemoth
* 1977 - Mike Rosenthal, American football player, sports radio talk show host
*1978 - Shane West, American actor
* 1978 - Brian West, American soccer player
*1979 - Konstantinos Loumpoutis, Greek footballer
* 1979 - Jake Tsakalidis, Georgian-Greek basketball player
*1980 - Francelino Matuzalem, Brazilian footballer
* 1980 - Ovie Mughelli, American football player
* 1980 - Jessica Di Cicco, American actress
* 1980 - Wang Yuegu, Singaporean Olympic table tennis player
*1981 - Burton O'Brien, Scottish footballer
* 1981 - Hoku, American singer and actress
* 1981 - Prince Hashim bin Al Hussein, of Jordan
* 1981 - Jonathan Bennett, actor (Mean Girls)
*1982 - Princess Madeleine of Sweden
* 1982 - Tara Lipinski, American figure skater
*1983 - Leelee Sobieski, American actress
*1984 - Dirk Van Tichelt, Belgian judoka
*1985 - Kristina Lundberg, Swedish ice hockey player
* 1985 - Vasilis Torosidis, Greek footballer
*1987 - Amobi Okoye, Nigeria-born American football player
* 1987 - Martin Harnik, Austrian footballer
* 1987 - Kelly Vitz, American actress

Deaths

*323 BC - Alexander the Great, Macedonian warlord (b. 356 BC)
*1075 - Ernest of Austria (b. 1027)
*1190 - Frederick Barbarossa, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1122)
*1424 - Duke Ernest of Austria (b. 1377)
*1552 - Alexander Barclay, English poet
*1556 - Martin Agricola, German composer (b. 1486)
*1580 - Luís de Camões, Portuguese poet
*1607 - John Popham, English politician
*1654 - Alessandro Algardi, Italian sculptor (b. 1598)
*1680 - Johan Göransson Gyllenstierna, Swedish statesman (b. 1635)
*1735 - Thomas Hearne, English antiquarian (b. 1678)
*1776 - Leopold Widhalm, Austrian luthier (b. 1722)
*1791 - Toussaint-Guillaume Picquet de la Motte, French admiral (b. 1720)
*1831 - Hans Karl von Diebitsch, Russian field marshal (b. 1785)
*1836 - André-Marie Ampère, French physicist (b. 1775)
*1849 - Thomas Robert Bugeaud, Marshal of France and duke of Isly (b. 1784)
*1896 - Amelia Dyer, English murderer (b. 1829)
*1898 - Tuone Udaina, last speaker of the Dalmatian language.
*1899 - Ernest Chausson, French composer (b. 1855)
*1901 - Robert Williams Buchanan, British dramatist (b. 1841)
*1902 - Jacint Verdaguer, Catalan poet (b. 1845)
*1909 - Edward Everett Hale, American author (b. 1822)
*1912 - Anton Aškerc, Slovenian poet (b. 1856)
*1918 - Arrigo Boito, Italian composer (b. 1842)
*1923 - Pierre Loti, French sailor (b. 1850)
*1926 - Antoni Gaudí, Spanish, Catalan architect (b. 1852)
*1930 - Adolf Harnack, German theologian (b. 1851)
*1934 - Frederick Delius, English composer (b. 1862)
*1937 - Robert Borden, eighth Prime Minister of Canada (b. 1854)
*1940 - Marcus Garvey, American civil rights activist (b. 1887)
*1944 - Willem Jacob van Stockum, Dutch physicist (b. 1910)
*1946 - Jack Johnson, American boxer (b. 1878)
*1947 - Alexander Bethune, Canadian politician (b. 1852)
*1949 - Sigrid Undset, Norwegian writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1882)
*1958 - Angelina Weld Grimke, American journalist (b. 1880)
*1959 - Zoltán Meskó, Hungarian Nazi (b. 1883)
*1967 - Spencer Tracy, American actor (b. 1900)
*1971 - Michael Rennie, English actor (b. 1909)
*1973 - William Inge, American playwright (b. 1913)
* 1973 - Erich von Manstein, German military commander (b. 1887)
*1974 - Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester (b. 1900)
*1976 - Adolph Zukor, Hungarian-born producer (b. 1873)
*1982 - Rainer Werner Fassbinder, German author (b. 1945)
* 1982 - Addie "Micki" Harris, American singer (Shirelles) (b. 1940)
*1986 - Merle Miller, American biographer (b. 1919)
*1987 - Elizabeth Hartman, American actress (b. 1943)
*1988 - Louis L'Amour, American author (b. 1908)
*1991 - Vercors, French writer (b. 1902)
*1992 - Zak Hernández, American soldier (b. 1973)
* 1992 - Hachidai Nakamura, Japanese songwriter and pianist (b. 1931)
*1993 - Les Dawson, English Comedian (b. 1934)
*1996 - George Hees, Canadian politician (b. 1910)
* 1996 - Jo Van Fleet, American actress (b. 1914)
*1998 - Hammond Innes, English author (b. 1914)
* 1998 - Jim Hearn, American baseball player (b. 1921)
*2000 - Hafez al-Assad, President of Syria (b. 1930)
* 2000 - Brian Statham, English cricketer (b. 1930)
*2001 - Princess Leila of Iran (b. 1970)
* 2001 - Mike Mentzer, American bodybuilder (b. 1951)
*2002 - John Gotti, American gangster (b. 1940)
*2003 - Donald Regan, Chief of Staff and U.S. Treasury Secretary (b. 1918)
* 2003 - Bernard Williams, English philosopher (b. 1929)
* 2003 - Dr Phil Williams, Welsh politician and scientist (b. 1939)
*2004 - Ray Charles, American musician (b. 1930)
*2005 - Curtis Pitts, American aircraft designer (b. 1915)
*2007 - Augie Auer, Meteorologist and television presenter (b. 1940)
*2008 - Chinghiz Aitmatov, Kyrgyzstani-Soviet writer (b. 1928)

Holidays and observances

*Roman Empire – fourth day of the Vestalia in honor of Vesta
*Portugal Day – National day of Portugal, Camões and the Portuguese Communities
*Saint Anianus, bishop of Chartres
*Blessed Getulius, Amancius and Cerealus, martyrs
*Saint Landericus, bishop of Paris (Landry), confessor
*Saint Onuphrius, hermit, confessor
*Blessed Margaret, queen of Scotland
*Saint Olivia

External links

* [http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/june/10 BBC: On This Day]
*
* [http://www1.sympatico.ca/cgi-bin/on_this_day?mth=Jun&day=10 On This Day in Canada] ----


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