- Sport in Turkey
The National Sport of Turkey is
Yağlı güreşalso known as Oiled Wrestling. Since 1362, Edirnehosts one of the oldest sporting tournaments in the world, KırkpınarGuresleri.
Turkeyhas risen to prominence in a number of sporting areas in recent decades. Football has seen a rapid transformation earning it third place in the coveted 2002 FIFA World Cup. Its domestic teams are dominated by Fenerbahçe, Galatasaray and Beşiktaş. Of these, Fenerbahçe's European triumph came in the now defunct 1967 Balkans Cup. Galatasaray has seen the most success, winning the 2000 UEFA Cupand European Super Cup, as well as fielding many of the players for the international team. In recent years, Turkey has exported many of its players into top foreign teams including Inter Milan, Barcelona, Parma, AC Milanand Bayer Leverkusen, among others. As well as sending players abroad, the Turkish league has also attracted players into Turkey. World class players such as Gheorghe Hagi, Ariel Ortega, Cláudio Taffarel, Pierre Van Hooijdonk, Gheorghe Popescu, Mario Jardel, Nicolas Anelka, John Carew, Harald 'Toni' Schumacher, Falko Götz, Radomir Antić, Oscar Cordoba, Lincoln, Hakan Şükür, Mateja Kežman, Kleberson, Ricardinho, Roberto Carlos da Silva, Zoran Simovic, Frank De Boer, Rigobert Songand many more have played at some point, or continue to play in Turkey.
Weightliftinghas been another successful sport for Turkey, regularly relied upon to provide gold medals in the Olympics. Its most famous weightlifters Naim Suleymanogluand Halil Mutluare only two of four weightlifters in the world to have won 3 gold medals in 3 olympics.
Turkey placed a bid to become a candidate for the 2012 Olympics but was eliminated in the initial rounds. Part of its bid included the building of the 80,000 seater Atatürk Stadium in
Istanbul. The stadium hosted the European Champions League final in .
Another major sporting event that takes place in Turkey is the
Turkish Grand Prix. The track located at Istanbul has a seating capacityof 155,000 people (biggest in Europe), is just over 5,340 m long and runs anti-clockwise. The track was designed by Hermann Tilke, designer of the Sepang, Bahrain and Shanghai tracks. GP2 seriesalso include a Turkish Team ( Petrol Ofisi FMS International) and a Turkish Driver, Jason Tahincioglu.
Basketballis also gaining popularity in Turkey. Turkey national basketball teamcame second in European Basketball Championship in 2001 in Istanbul. Turkey national basketball teamalso came the 9th in 2002 FIBA World Championship. Three Turkish nationals, Ersan Ilyasova, Hedo Turkogluand Mehmet Okur, have achieved success in the prestigious NBAof North America, generally considered the world's top basketball league. Turkey will host the 2010 FIBA World Championship, which could introduce more Turks to the game. Turkey national basketball teamhave advanced to quarter finals in 2006 FIBA World Championship.
ailing and boat trips
Turkey has four bordering seas; the
Black Sea, Marmara Sea, Aegean Seaand Mediterranean Sea, so it not surprising that cruising is a popular sport. There are many cruising charters available. Gulets are traditional motor yachts and gulet holidays are becoming increasingly popular. Best Gulets are build in Marmarisand Bodrum.
Mediterranean and Aegean coasts are the best places to dive. It is also possible to dive to shipwrecks from World War I (with special permission of local authorities) in Gallipoli, Çanakkale.
Turkey's rivers provide perfect conditions for canoeing and rafting, for both beginners and experienced. Some of the best rivers for rafting are:
Çoruh, Barhal, Berta, Fırtına, Çolak, Köprüçay, Manavgat, Dragon, Göksu (Silifke), Zamanti, Göksu (Feke), Kızılırmakand Dalaman Çayı.
The bays around
Çesme, Alaçati, Bodrumand Datçapeninsulas as well as Antalya have ideal wind conditions for windsurfing. Famous windsurfer Cagla Kubatis also from Turkey.
Fishing cannot be done without a license even if you're an amateur. You must apply to have one by submitting some id cards and paying a fee. Details concerning fishing zones, the minimum sizes of fish that can be caught, and the numbers of fish that can be caught per person, can be obtained from the Department of Fisheries at the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs. Especially Aegean and Mediterranean seas are rich fishing areas.
Plane gliding, hang gliding, parachuting, paragliding and single engine flights are catered for as well as services that provide instruction courses. Best areas are
Fethiye, Eskişehir, Pamukkaleand Istanbul.
Turkey will host the 2009 Fencing World Championship. It will be realized from 16 to 26 of October , in Antalya.
* [http://www.turkishsoccer.com Turkish Soccer News]
Turkish Premier Super League
Turkish Football Federation
Turkey national football team
Turkey at the 2004 Summer Olympics
Yağlı güreş, (Oiled Wrestling)
* [http://www.worldturkey.com/lang/eng/sport.php Sport in Turkey]
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