Topic outline of Japan

Japan is an island country in East Asia that includes over 3,000 islands, [cite web | title = "Nihon Rettō" | url = http://dic.yahoo.co.jp/dsearch?enc=UTF-8&p=%E3%81%AB%E3%81%BB%E3%82%93%E3%82%8C%E3%81%A3%E3%81%A8%E3%81%86&dtype=0&stype=1&dname=0ss
publisher = Daijirin / Yahoo Japan dictionary | accessdate = 2007-05-07
] the largest of which are Honshū, Hokkaidō, Kyūshū and Shikoku, together accounting for 97% of its land area. Japan lies in the Pacific Ocean to the east of China, Korea and Russia, stretching from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea in the south. Japan is a unitary constitutional monarchy with an emperor and an elected parliament (the Diet).

Japan has the world's tenth largest population, with about 128 million people. The Greater Tokyo Area, which includes the capital city of Tokyo and several surrounding prefectures, is the largest metropolitan area in the world, with over 30 million residents. A world leader in technology and machinery, Japan has the world's second largest economy by nominal GDP, is the world's fourth largest exporter and is the sixth largest importer.

The characters that make up Japan's name mean "sun-origin", which is why Japan is sometimes identified as the "Land of the Rising Sun".

The following topic outline is provided as an overview of and introduction to Japan:

__TOC__

* Pronunciation:
* International rankings of Japan

Geography of Japan

: "Main articles: Geography of Japan"

* Japan is: an island country of over 3,000 islands
* Location:
** Pacific Ocean
** Northern Hemisphere and Eastern Hemisphere
*** Asia
**** East Asia
** Extreme points of Japan
* Population of Japan: 127,433,494 people - 10th most populous country
* Area of Japan: unit sqkm|377873|0|lk=on - 62nd largest country
*
* Addressing system in Japan
* Historic provinces of Japan
* Japan Standard Time

Environment of Japan

* Climate of Japan
* Ecology of Japan
** Ecoregions in Japan
** Environmental issues in Japan
** Renewable energy in Japan
* Geology of Japan
* National parks of Japan
* Protected areas of Japan
* Tsunami
* Wildlife of Japan
** Flora of Japan
** Fauna of Japan
*** Birds of Japan
*** Mammals of Japan

Geographic features of Japan

:"Main article: Landforms of Japan"

* Fjords of Japan
* Glaciers of Japan
* Islands of Japan
* Lakes of Japan
* Mountains of Japan
** Volcanoes in Japan
* Rivers of Japan
** Waterfalls of Japan
* Three Views of Japan
* Valleys of Japan
* World Heritage Sites in Japan

Regions of Japan

Islands of Japan

: "Main articles: Islands of Japan and Regions of Japan"

The four main islands of Japan are:

*Hokkaidō
*Honshū
*Kyūshū
*Shikoku

Major regions of Japan include:
* Hokkaidō (the island of Hokkaidō and nearby islands, largest city Sapporo)
* Tōhoku region (northern Honshū, largest city Sendai)
* Kantō region (eastern Honshū, largest cities Tokyo and Yokohama)
* Chūbu region (central Honshū, including Mt. Fuji), sometimes divided into:
** Hokuriku region (northwestern Chūbu)
** Kōshin'etsu region (northeastern Chūbu, largest city Nagano)
** Tōkai region (southern Chūbu, largest city Nagoya, Hamamatsu, and Shizuoka)
* Kansai or Kinki region (west-central Honshū, largest cities Osaka, Kobe, and Kyoto)
* Chūgoku region (western Honshū, largest city Hiroshima, and Okayama)
* Shikoku (island, largest city Matsuyama, and Takamatsu)
* Kyūshū (island, largest city Fukuoka) which includes:
** Ryukyu Islands, including Okinawa

Ecoregions of Japan

: "Main article: Ecoregions of Japan"

Administrative divisions of Japan

: "Main article: Prefectures of Japan"

* Administrative division types
** Regions of Japan (unofficial)
*** Prefectures of Japan
**** Subprefectures of Japan
***** Districts of Japan
****** Municipalities of Japan
******* Wards of Japan

Prefectures of Japan

From north to south (numbering in order), the prefectures of Japan and their commonly associated regions are:

Karafuto, a portion of the island of Sakhalin north of Hokkaidō (not shown on the map), was part of Japan from 1907 until World War II. The entire island is now governed by Russia, but some Japanese people claim Karafuto is still part of Japan.

Municipalities of Japan

* Cities of Japan
** Capitals of Japan
** Cities designated by government ordinance
** Cities, by population
* Towns of Japan
* Villages of Japan

Demography of Japan

: "Main article: Demographics of Japan"

* Aging of Japan

Government and politics of Japan

: "Main article: Government of Japan and Politics of Japan"

* Form of government: parliamentary multi-party representative democratic constitutional monarchy
* Capital of Japan
* Elections in Japan
** (specific elections)
* Imperial House of Japan (Imperial family)
** Imperial Guard of Japan
** Imperial Household Law
** Imperial Household Agency
* Civil service of Japan
* Japanese public corporations
* Independent administrative institutions of Japan
* Political parties in Japan

* Government-business relations in Japan
* Human rights in Japan
* Mass media and politics in Japan
* Monetary and fiscal policy of Japan
* Political funding in Japan
* Political scandals of Japan
* Political extremism in Japan
* Taxation in Japan
* Health care in Japan
* Social welfare in Japan

Branches of the government of Japan

Executive branch of the government of Japan

* Symbol of state: Akihito, Emperor of Japan
** Emperor has no executive authority, but is treated as a head of state under diplomatic protocol
** Controversies regarding the role of the Emperor of Japan
** Emperors of the past
* Head of state: de facto head of state of Japan is the head of government, the Prime Minister (see below)
* Head of government: Taro Aso, Prime Minister of Japan
** Kantei (Office and residence of the Prime Minister)
** Prime Ministers of the past
* Cabinet of Japan
* Ministries of Japan
** National Public Safety Commission
** Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications
** Ministry of Justice
** Ministry of Foreign Affairs
** Ministry of Finance (Japan)
** Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology
** Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare
** Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries
** Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry
** Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport
** Ministry of the Environment
** Ministry of Defence

Legislative branch of the government of Japan

* Diet of Japan (bicameral legislature of Japan)
** House of Councillors
** House of Representatives of Japan
* National Diet Building

Judicial branch of the government of Japan

* Judicial system of Japan
* Supreme Court of Japan

Foreign relations of Japan

* Diplomatic missions of Japan
* Foreign aid institutions of Japan
* Foreign policy of Japan
* Japan's non-nuclear policy
* Japan-United States relations
* Whaling in Japan

International organization membership

Japan is a member of:
* United Nations
* G8
* G4
* Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
* Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)

Law and order in Japan

: "Main article: Law of Japan"

* Attorneys in Japan
* Capital punishment in Japan
* Civil Code of Japan
* Constitution of Japan
* Criminal justice system of Japan
* Crime in Japan
* Juries in Japan
** Organized crime in Japan
* Human rights in Japan
** Freedom of the press in Japan
** Freedom of religion in Japan
** LGBT rights in Japan
* Law enforcement in Japan
* Penal system of Japan
* Public order and internal security in Japan

Military of Japan

: "Main article: Military of Japan"

* Japan's non-nuclear policy
* Japan Self-Defense Forces
** Army of Japan: Japan Ground Self-Defense Force
** Navy of Japan: Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force
** Air force Japan: Japan Air Self-Defense Force
* Military history of Japan
* National security of Japan

History of Japan

: "Main articles: History of Japan, Timeline of Japanese history, and

* History of Japan by year
* History of Tokyo
* Japanese nationalism
* Military history of Japan
** Samurai
** Shogun
** Ninja
** Japanese militarism
** Pacific Ocean theater of World War II
*** Attack on Pearl Harbor
*** Kamikaze
*** Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki
*** Surrender of Japan
*** Aftermath of World War II: Occupation of Japan
** Naval history

By period

* Paleolithic
* Jōmon period
* Yayoi period
* Kofun period
* Asuka period
* Nara period
* Heian period
* Kamakura period
** Mongol invasions of Japan
** Kemmu restoration
* Muromachi period
** Nanboku-chō period
** Sengoku period
* Azuchi-Momoyama period
** Nanban trade
* Edo period
** Bakumatsu
* Meiji period
** Meiji Restoration
*** Empire of Japan
* Taishō period
** Japanese expansion (1941-1942)
** Japan in WWI
* Shōwa period
** Japanese militarism
** Occupation of Japan
** Post-Occupation Japan
* Heisei period

Culture of Japan

: "Main article: Culture of Japan"

* Japanese aesthetics
* Japanese calendar
* Customs and etiquette of Japan
** Japanese tea ceremony
* Funerals in Japan
* Gambling in Japan
* Japanese martial arts
* Media in Japan
** Digital television in Japan
** Pornography in Japan
* Japanese mobile phone culture
* Japanese philosophy
* National symbols of Japan
** Imperial Regalia of Japan
** Imperial Seal of Japan
** Flag of Japan
** Kimi Ga Yo
** National anthem of Japan
* National Treasures of Japan
* Public bathing
** Onsen
** Sentō
* Popular culture in Japan
** Cuteness in Japanese culture
* Prostitution in Japan
* Records of Japan
* Japanese values
* Westernization
** Americanization
* World Heritage Sites in Japan

Architecture of Japan

* Buddhist temples in Japan
** Daitoku-ji
** Tōdai-ji
** Yakushi-ji
* Castles in Japan
** Heian Palace
** Himeji Castle
** Nijō Castle
** Osaka Castle
* Housing in Japan
* Shinto shrine

The Arts in Japan

* Art in Japan
** CalligraphyDogūDōtakuHaniwaJaponismeKagamidnKakemonoKanō SchoolMagatamaMangaOrigamiImari porcelainPotteryTraditional PotteryUkiyo-eYamato-e
* Cinema of Japan
** Anime
** Studio Ghibli
*** Directors - Shōhei ImamuraTakeshi KitanoHirokazu KoreedaAkira KurosawaTakashi MiikeHayao MiyazakiKenji MizoguchiMikio NaruseNagisa OshimaYasujirō OzuIsao Takahata
*** Films - GodzillaIn the Realm of the SensesKagemushaRashōmonRingSeven Samurai
* Literature of Japan
** Japanese writers
** Kojiki
** Nihonshoki
** Tale of Genji
** Japanese Literary Genres
*** Monogatari
*** Haiku
*** Waka
* Music of Japan
** Koto
** Shakuhachi
** Shamisen
** Taiko
** Gagaku
** Enka
** Jpop
** Karaoke
* Theatre in Japan
** Kabuki
** Bunraku
** Noh
** Kyōgen

Cuisine of Japan

* Examples:
** Bentō
** Daikon
** Mochi
** Rāmen
** Saké
** Sashimi
** Sushi
** Tempura
** Wasabi
* Japanese dishes
* Japanese snacks

Cultural icons of Japan

* Bonsai
* Japanese dragon
* Japanese gardens
* Geisha
* Karate
** Black belt
* Kimono
* Rising Sun Flag
* Sakura
* Sumo
* Sushi

Fashion in Japan

* Clothing of Japan
** Geta
** Hakama
** Kimono
*** Furisode
*** Yukata
** Okobo
** School uniforms in Japan
** Tabi
** Waraji
** Zōri
* Japanese street fashion

Holidays and festivals

* Golden Week
** Shōwa Day
** Constitution Memorial Day
** Greenery Day
** Kodomo no Hi
* Hanami
* Hina Matsuri
* Momijigari
* O-Bon
* Setsubun
* Tanabata

Homes in Japan

: "Main article: Homes in Japan"

* Furnishings
** Butsudan
** Byōbu
** Chabudai
** Furo
** Futon
** Kamidana
** Kotatsu
** Ikebana
** Sudare
** Tansu
** Toilets in Japan
** Zabuton
* Minka
* Rooms
** Japanese kitchen
** Washitsu
*** Fusuma
*** Shōji
*** Tatami (flooring)
*** Tokonoma

Language in Japan

* Japanese language
** Historical kana usage
** Grammar
** Pronunciation
** Romanization of Japanese
* Japanese dialects
** Kansai-ben
** Saga-ben
** Wasei-eigo (Japanese English)
* Ryukyuan languages
** Amami
** Kikai
** Okinawan
** Kunigami
** Yoron
** Miyako
** Yaeyama
** Yonaguni
* Foreign Variations
** Franponais
** Engrish
* Writing systems of Japan
** Kanji
** Hiragana
** Katakana
** Furigana

People of Japan

* Ijime
* Japanese celebrities
* Japanese diaspora
* Elderly people in Japan
* Japanese family structure
* Homosexuality in Japan
* Japanese names
* Women in Japan

Ethnicity in Japan

* Ethnic minorities in Japan
* Ainu people
* Burakumin
* Dekasegi
* Ryukyuan people
* Yamato people

Stereotypes

* Geisha
* Freeter
* Hikikomori
* Kogaru
* Otaku
* Yakuza
* Burakumin

Religion in Japan

* Buddhism in Japan
** Nichiren Buddhism
** Shingon
** Tendai
** Pure Land Buddhism
** Zen
* Shinto
* Christianity in Japan
** Protestantism in Japan
** Roman Catholicism in Japan
** Japanese Orthodox Church
* Judaism in Japan
* Islam in Japan
* Neo-Confucianism in Japan
* Shinshūkyō
* Hinduism in Japan
* Japanese Mythology

Sports and games in Japan

: "Main article: Sports in Japan"

* Sports
** Aikido
** Baseball in Japan
** Football in Japan
** Kendo
** Professional wrestling in Japan
** Sumo
* Traditional Games
** Go
** Shogi
** Mah-jong
** Hanafuda

Economy of Japan

: "Main article: Economy of Japan"

* Agriculture, forestry, and fishing in Japan
* Automobile industry in Japan
* Bank of Japan
* Companies of Japan
* Communications in Japan
* Construction industry of Japan
* Consumer electronics industry of Japan
* Currency of Japan: Japanese yen
* Department stores in Japan
* Defense industry of Japan
* Economic history of Japan
* Economic relations of Japan
* Financial system of Japan
* Labor market of Japan
* Manufacturing industries of Japan
* Monetary and fiscal policy of Japan
* Mining in Japan
* Private enterprise in Japan
* Research and development in Japan
* Standard of living in Japan
* Trade policy of Japan
* Trade and services in Japan
* Tourism in Japan
* Transport in Japan

Education in Japan

: "Main article: Education in Japan and History of education in Japan"

* History of education in Japan
* Japanese history textbook controversies
* Juku (Cram School)
* Language minority students in Japanese classrooms
* Romanization of Japanese
* School uniforms in Japan
* Yutori education

Structure of education in Japan

* Elementary schools in Japan
* Secondary education in Japan
* Higher education in Japan

Infrastructure of Japan

* Buildings and structures in Japan
** Tallest buildings and structures in Japan
* Communications in Japan
** Internet in Japan
* Energy in Japan
** Nuclear power in Japan
* Health care in Japan
* National parks of Japan
* Transportation in Japan
** Airports in Japan
** Expressways of Japan
** National highways of Japan
** Shinkansen
** Tokyo Metro
** Rail transport in Japan
* Water supply and sanitation in Japan

Science and technology in Japan

* Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency
* Research and development in Japan
* Japanese robotics

See also

* Japanese Wikipedia
* List of basic geography topics
* List of Japan-related articles
* List of Japan-related topics
* List of international rankings

References

External links

; Official
* [http://www.kantei.go.jp/foreign/index-e.html Kantei.go.jp] —Official prime ministerial and cabinet site
* [http://www.kunaicho.go.jp/eindex.html Kunaicho.go.jp] —Official site of the Imperial family.
* [http://www.mofa.go.jp/ Ministry of Foreign Affairs] —Detailed papers on Japan's foreign policy, education programs, culture and life.
* [http://www.shugiin.go.jp/index.nsf/html/index_e.htm Shugi-in.go.jp] —Official site of the House of Representatives
* [http://www.ndl.go.jp/en/index.html National Diet Library (English)]

; Media
* [http://www.nhk.or.jp/english/ NHK Online]
* [http://home.kyodo.co.jp/ Kyodo News]
* [http://www.yomiuri.co.jp/dy/ Yomiuri Shimbun (English)]
* [http://www.asahi.com/english/index.html Asahi Shimbun (English)]
* [http://www.japantimes.co.jp/ The Japan Times]

; Tourism
* [http://www.jnto.go.jp/eng/ Japan National Tourist Organization]
*

; Other
* [https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ja.html CIA World Factbook—"Japan"]
* [http://www.britannica.com/nations/Japan Encyclopaedia Britannica's Japan portal site]
* [http://www.guardian.co.uk/japan/0,7368,450622,00.html Guardian Unlimited—"Special Report: Japan"]
*
* containing the 1889 and 1946 Constitutions


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