- Amber Road
The Amber Road was an ancient
trade routefor the transfer of amber. As one of the waterways and ancient highways, for centuries the road led from Europeto Asiaand back, and from northern Europe to the Mediterranean Sea.
A vital component of ornamental objects,
amberwas transported from the North Seaand Baltic Seacoasts overland by way of the Vistulaand Dnieper rivers to Italy, Greece, the Black Sea, and Egyptthousands of years ago, and long after.
In Roman times, a main route ran south from the Baltic coast in Prussia through the land of the
Boii(modern Czech Republicand Slovakia) to the head of the Adriatic Sea. The Egyptian pharaoh Tutankhamunhad Baltic amber among his burial goods,Fact|date=June 2008 and amber was sent from the North Sea to the temple of Apolloat Delphias an offering. From the Black Sea, trade could continue to Asia along the Silk Road, another ancient trade route.
The Old Prussian towns of Kaup and
Trusoon the Baltic were the starting points of the route to the south. In Scandinaviathe amber road probably gave rise to the thriving Nordic Bronze Ageculture, bringing influences from the Mediterranean Sea to the northernmost countries of Europe.
Kaliningrad Oblastis called the Янтарный край, which means the Amber region.
* _cs. Jantarová stezka
* _de. Bernsteinstraße
* _hu. Borostyánút
* _it. Via dell'Ambra
* _lv. Dzintara Ceļš
* _lt. Gintaro kelias
* _pl. Szlak Bursztynowy or "Jantarowy Szlak"
* _ru. Янтарный путь
* _sk. Jantárová cesta
* _sl. Jantarjeva pot
Overview of known amber finding places in Europe
Amber roads connect
amber finding locationsto customer sites in Europe, in the Middle East regions and in the Far East.
Overview of known amber roads by country
The shortest (and possibly oldest) road avoids alpine areas and led from the Baltic coastline (
Estonia) through Poland, Silesia, passed the Moravian Gate, followed the river Morava to Slovakia, where it crossed the Danubeto Austrianear Carnuntum, heading southwards down to Aquileiaat the Adriaticcoast.
Several roads connected the North Sea and Baltic Seas, especially the city of
Hamburgto the Brenner Pass, proceeding southwards to Brindisiin Italy and Ambracia (Greece). "(See map at right)"
The Swiss region indicates a number of alpine roads, concentrating around the capital city
Bernand probably originating from the borders of the Rhône Riverand the Rhine.
A small section, including
Baarn, Barneveld, Amersfoortand Amerongen, connected the North Sea with the Lower Rhine.
A small section, led southwards from
Antwerpand Brugesto the towns Braine-l’Alleud and Braine-le-Comte, both originally named "Brennia-Brenna".Fact|date=August 2008 The route continued by following the Meuse Rivertowards Bernin Switzerland.
Three routes may be identified leading from an amber finding location called Brenne at the mouth of river Loire towards Bresse and Bern, crossing the Alps to Switzerland and Italy.
outhern France and Spain
Routes connecting amber finding locations at Ambares (near
Bordeaux), leading to Béarnand the Pyrenees. Routes connecting the amber finding locations in northern Spain and in the Pyrenees were a trading route to the Mediterranean Sea.
* [http://www.amberroad.net Amber Road]
* [http://www.ciolek.com/OWTRAD/DATA/tmcZCEm0100.html OWTRAD-scientific description of the amber road in Poland]
* [http://www.ciolek.com/owtrad.html Old World Traditional Trade Routes (OWTRAD) Project]
* [http://www.american.edu/TED/amber.htm Amber route along the river Elbe]
* [http://www.joannesrichter.homepage.t-online.de/Androgyn/SpellingTUI.pdf Joannes Richter - "Spelling Thee, U & I - Introducing into the art of amber trading & Initiation in the great Androgyne Religion"] (pdf file)
* [http://www.joannesrichter.homepage.t-online.de/Androgyn/Bernsteinrouten_BK.pdf Joannes Richter - "Die Bernsteinroute bei Backnang"] (pdf file)
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