- Royal Commission on the Amalgamation of the City and County of London
The Royal Commission on the Amalgamation of the City and County of London was a
Royal Commissionwhich considered the means for amalgamating the ancient City of Londonwith the County of London, which had been created in 1889. The commission reported in 1894.Young, K. & Garside, P., "Metropolitan London: Politics and Urban Change", (1982)]
Local Government Act 1888had set up a County of London which surrounded, but did not include, the square-mile and main business district of the City of London. London was therefore governed by the City of London Corporationat its core and the London County Councilfor its metropolitan area.
The commission and its findings
The commission was chaired by Leonard Courtney. Its remit was to consider the mechanism through which amalgamation could be achieved, rather than the merits. When it reported in 1894, it suggested that the City Corporation should expand its scope to cover the entire county. The post of
Lord Mayor of the City of Londonwould be retained, and would not be restricted to the City alderman. The new corporation would be formed of 20 aldermen and 122 councillors.The New York Times, " [http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?_r=1&res=9F02E1D81730E033A25755C1A9649D94659ED7CF&oref=slogin The Amalgamation of London] ". 16 December 1894.] Additionally, and beyond its terms of reference, it suggested the creation of a number of lower-tier councils headed by mayors. Although the amalgamation did not take place, the creation of metropolitan boroughs was achieved through the London Government Act 1899.
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