- Germanic philology
:"This article is about the history of the discipline, for linguistic phenomena, see
Germanic languagesand the navigation template below."
The beginnings of research into the Germanic languages began in the 16th century, with the discovery of literary texts in the earlier phases of the languages. Early modern publications dealing with
Old Norseculture appeared in the 16th century, e.g. "Historia de gentibus septentrionalibus" (Olaus Magnus, 1555) and the first edition of the13th century " Gesta Danorum" ( Saxo Grammaticus), in 1514.In 1603, Melchior Goldastmade the first edition of Middle High Germanpoetry, Tyrol and Winsbeck, including a commentary which focussed on linguistic problems and set the tone for the approach to such works in the subsequent centuries. He later gave similar attention to the Old High German Benedictine Rule. In England, Cotton's studies of the manuscripts in his collection marks the beginnings of work on Old English language.The pace of publication increased during the 17th century with Latin translations of the Edda(notably Peder Resen's "Edda Islandorum" of 1665).
Germanic philology together with linguistics as a whole emerged as a serious academic discipline in the early 19th century, pioneered particularly in
Germanyby such linguists as Jakob Grimm. Important 19th century scholars include Henry Sweetand Matthias Lexer.
The structure of the modern university means that for the most part work on the field is focussed on medieval English studies, medieval German studies, etc. Only relatively few universities can afford to offer Comparative linguistics as a discrete field.
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