Adaptive technology

Adaptive technology

Adaptive technology is the name for products which help people who cannot use regular versions of products, primarily people with physical disabilities such as limitations to vision, hearing, and mobility.

Adaptive technology promotes greater effectiveness for persons with functional limitations or disabilities by enabling them to perform tasks that they were formerly unable to accomplish, or had great difficulty accomplishing. Adaptive technology provides changed methods of interacting with or enhancements to the technology.

For persons who are blind or have a visual impairment

Blind or visual impairment: unable to see or difficulty seeing

Blind people use many products that are speech enabled such as talking watches, talking calculators and talking computers. Talking scales, talking compasses and talking thermometers are also available. Talking computers use screenreading software to have the machine read to blind people. They also use products with Braille feedback, such as Braille watches and Braille writing devices.

Visually impaired people, who have eye problems but still have some sight, have computers which have enlarged screens so that images and text are much clearer to read.

For persons who are deaf or have a hearing impairment

Deaf or hearing impairment: unable to hear or difficulty hearing

Technologies to assist the Deaf and hearing impaired include closed captions on television and the TTY/TDD phone service. Also, blinking lights and vibration devices also help to enhance hearing impaired functioning in a predominantly hearing world.

Some technologies not specifically designed as adaptive have become popular with the Deaf: for example, devices such as text-messaging-equipped cellular phones and BlackBerry e-mail devices are almost ubiquitous among young Deaf people.

For persons with a speech impairment

Speech impairment: unable to speak, or difficulty speaking and being understood

Speaking impaired people, those who have lost the ability to speak but can still hear, include but are not limited to people who have had strokes, other brain injury, or injury to the vocal cords through surgery or other insult. Computers may provide speech through speech synthesis, and text-messaging-equipped mobile phones are also popular.

Augmentative communicators give people who are non-verbal or speech impaired a "voice" enabling them to communicate through messages pre-recorded by others.

For persons with a co-ordination, dexterity, or mobility impairment

Co-ordination or dexterity impairment: difficulty using hands or arms; for example, grasping or handling a stapler or using a keyboard/mouse

Mobility impairment: difficulty moving around; for example, from one office to another or up and down stairs

devices.

For persons with other disabilities

Other disability: including learning disabilities, developmental disabilities and all other types of disabilities

Dyslexia is perhaps the most common example of an "other disability" found in the workplace in schools. A variety of software is available to enable persons with dyslexia deal more effectively with reading and writing tasks. Scan and read software (ex: Kurzweil or E-Text Reader) allows people/students with reading disabilities to view the text on the computer screen as it "reads" aloud and highlights the word/sentence as it moves along. This allows students who cannot read efficiently to tackle reading assignments with speed and confidence. The software program Kurzweil can be very expensive, but for a student who has serious difficulty decoding the words on a page, it can be a great asset."Speech recognition software" (such as Dragon Naturally Speaking) can be used to help students with writing disabilities write text to the computer without the worry of spelling phonetically. It can record just the way the person speaks the sentence. However, several hours of training are needed for the user, and the computer program must "learn" to recognize the speech patterns of the user.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Adaptive grammar — An adaptive grammar is a formal grammar that explicitly provides mechanisms within the formalism to allow its own production rules to be manipulated. Contents 1 Overview 1.1 Early history 1.2 Collaborative efforts …   Wikipedia

  • Adaptive Audio — technology allows a traditional interactive voice response, or IVR system to become adaptive to the skills and preferences of individual telephone callers in real time. When operating in this adaptive mode, the IVR dynamically adjusts the… …   Wikipedia

  • Adaptive optics — (AO) is a technology used to improve the performance of optical systems by reducing the effects of rapidly changing optical distortion. It is used in astronomical telescopes and laser communication systems to remove the effects of atmospheric… …   Wikipedia

  • Adaptive Modeler — (also known as Altreva Adaptive Modeler) is a software application for creating financial market simulation models for the purpose of forecasting prices of real world market traded stocks or other securities or assets. The technology used is… …   Wikipedia

  • Adaptive Software Development — is a software development process that grew out of rapid application development work by Jim Highsmith and Sam Bayer. ASD embodies the principle that continuous adaptation of the process to the work at hand is the normal state of affairs.ASD… …   Wikipedia

  • Adaptive resonance theory — (ART) is a neural network architecture developed by Stephen Grossberg and Gail Carpenter. Learning model The basic ART system is an unsupervised learning model. It typically consists of a comparison field and a recognition field composed of… …   Wikipedia

  • Adaptive recreation — is a concept whereby people with disabilities are given the opportunity to participate in recreational activities. Through the use of activity modifications and assistive technology, athletes or participants in sports or other recreational… …   Wikipedia

  • Adaptive equipment — are devices that are used to assist with completing activities of daily living.Bathing, dressing, grooming, toileting, and feeding are self care activities that are including in the spectrum of activities of daily living (ADLs). Jennifer… …   Wikipedia

  • Adaptive Combat Rifle — Bushmaster ACR Type Assault Rifle Place of origin …   Wikipedia

  • Adaptive Services Grid — (ASG) ist eine Referenzarchitektur zur Bereitstellung und Orchestrierung von semantisch beschriebenen IT Diensten (Semantic Web Services). Die ASG wurde in einem gleichnamigen Integrierten EU Projekt zwischen September 2004 und Februar 2007… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.