The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals

The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals

Infobox Book
name = The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals

image_caption =
author = Charles Darwin
illustrator =
cover_artist =
country = United Kingdom
language = English
subject = Emotion
publisher = John Murray
pub_date = 1872
english_pub_date =
media_type =
pages =
isbn =
oclc =
preceded_by =
followed_by =

"The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals" is a book by the British naturalist Charles Darwin published in 1872, on how humans and non-human animals [Largely birds and mammals] express their emotions. It was, along with his 1871 book "The Descent of Man and Selection in Relation to Sex", part of Darwin's attempt to address questions of human origins and human psychology using his theory of evolution by natural selection.

, Darwin started on another book, using left over material on emotional expressions.

Darwin noted the universal nature of facial expressions in the book: "...the young and the old of widely different races, both with man and animals, express the same state of mind by the same movements."

He became diverted into making extensive revisions to "the Origin of Species", then in the spring of 1872 Darwin pressed on with "The Expression of Emotions in Man and Animals", pointing to shared evolution in contrast to Charles Bell's "Anatomy and Physiology of Expression" which claimed divinely created muscles to express man's exquisite feelings. Darwin drew on world wide responses to his questionnaires, hundreds of photographs of actors, babies and "imbeciles" in an asylum, as well as his own observations, with particular empathy for the grief following a family death.

The proofs, tackled by his daughter Henrietta and son Leo, needed major revision which made him "sick of the subject, and myself, and the world". It was to be one of the first books with photographs, with seven heliotype plates, and Murray warned that this "would poke a terrible hole in the profits". "The Expression of Emotions in Man and Animals" proved very popular, selling over 5,000 copies.


*Citation | last = Desmond | first = Adrian | last2 = Moore | first2 = James | author2-link =James Moore (biographer) | year = 1991 | title = Darwin | publication-place = London | publisher =Michael Joseph, Penguin Group | isbn =0-7181-3430-3

External links

*Citation | last =Freeman | first =R. B. | publication-date = 1977 | title =The Works of Charles Darwin: An Annotated Bibliographical Handlist | edition = 2nd | publication-place = Folkstone | publisher = Dawson | url = .
*Citation | last = Darwin | first = Charles | author-link =Charles Darwin | publication-date = 1872 | title =The expression of the emotions in man and animals | publication-place = London | publisher =John Murray | url = .

Free e-book versions available on the internet:
* Google Book Search:
** [ Published 1872 by John Murray, London]
** [ Published 1890 by D. Appleton and Company, London]
** [ Published 1913 by D. Appleton and Company, London]
* [ Project Gutenberg: New York, D. Appleton and Company, 1899]
* [,HPIA:2006-24,HPIA:en%26sa%3DN Chimpanzee Facial Expression & Vocalizations]
* [ Dog Laughter Vocalization Spectograph]

ee also

*Friedrich Gustav Jakob Henle, whose book figures 2 and 3 are borrowed from

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