Ambroise

Ambroise

Ambroise (flourished c. 1190) was a Norman poet and chronicler of the Third Crusade, author of a work called "L'Estoire de la guerre sainte", which describes in rhyming French verse the adventures of Richard Coeur de Lion as a crusader. The poem is known to us only through one Vatican manuscript, and long escaped the notice of historians.

The credit for detecting its value belongs to Gaston Paris, although his edition (1897) was partially anticipated by the editors of the "Monumenta Germaniae Historica", who published some selections in the twenty-seventh volume of their Scriptores (1885). Ambroise followed Richard I as a noncombatant, and not improbably as a court-minstrel. He speaks as an eye-witness of the king's doings at Messina, in Cyprus, at the siege of Acre, and in the abortive campaign which followed the capture of that city.

Ambroise is surprisingly accurate in his chronology; though he did not complete his work before 1195, it is evidently founded upon notes which he had taken in the course of his pilgrimage. He shows no greater political insight than we should expect from his position; but relates what he had seen and heard with a naïve vivacity which compels attention. He is by no means an impartial source: he is prejudiced against the Saracens, against the French, and against all the rivals or enemies of his master, including the "Polein" party which supported Conrad of Montferrat against Guy of Lusignan. He is rather to be treated as a biographer than as a historian of the Crusade in its broader aspects. Nonetheless he is an interesting primary source for the events of the years 1190-1192 in the Kingdom of Jerusalem.

The "Itinerarium Regis Ricardi", a Latin prose narrative of the same events apparently compiled by Richard, a canon of Holy Trinity, London, is closely related to Ambroise's poem. It was formerly sometimes regarded as the first-hand narrative on which Ambroise based his work, but that can no longer be maintained.

Published edition

Ambroise, "The History of the Holy War", translated by Marianne Ailes. Boydell Press, 2003.

ee also

*Anglo-Norman literature
*Norman language

References

*1911


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ambroise — († nach 1196) war ein normannischer Trouvère und Chronist des Dritten Kreuzzugs. Er nahm im Heer Richard Löwenherz am Dritten Kreuzzug teil und verfasste über seine Erlebnisse bis 1195 die Chronik Estoire de la guerre sainte. Ambroises Chronik… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ambroise — Nom de baptême popularisé par saint Ambroise, l un des quatre grands docteurs de l Eglise. Vient du grec ambrosios (= immortel), latinisé en Ambrosius. Le nom est fréquent en Corse et en Italie sous la forme Ambrosi (on trouve aussi fréquemment… …   Noms de famille

  • Ambroise — (saint) (339 397) évêque de Milan, Père et docteur de l église. Il contribua à la conversion de saint Augustin, qu il baptisa en 387 …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Ambroise — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Pour les articles homonymes, voir Saint Ambroise et Saint Ambroise (homonymie). Ambroise est un nom propre qui peut désigner  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ambroise — (PR Ambrose, Ambroisine) (Géo Ambreuil, Ambroix) (Ambrogio, Ambrosio) • Ambroise, converti par Origène, ami de celui ci, emprisonné, mort vers 250. • Ambroise (7 décembre) (7 décembre, 2 novembre) né à Trèves en 340 (333), fils d’un préfet de… …   Dictionnaire des saints

  • Ambroise — (as used in expressions) Laclos Pierre Ambroise François Choderlos de Paré Ambroise Valéry Ambroise Paul Toussaint Jules * * * …   Universalium

  • Ambroise — (as used in expressions) Laclos, Pierre (Ambroise François) Choderlos de Paré, Ambroise Valéry, (Ambroise) Paul (Toussaint Jules) …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Ambroise — Provenance. Vient du grec a brotos Signifie immortel Se fête le 7 décembre. Histoire. Saint Ambroise est une des grandes figures de l Eglise. Né à Trève, en Allemagne, vers 340, fils du préfet des Gaulles, il occupa des postes importants dans l… …   Dictionnaire des prénoms français, arabes et bretons

  • Ambroise — This ancient surname recorded as Ambrose, Ambrus, Ambrosius, Ambroix, Brosch, Ambroisin, Ambrosetti, Brogetti, Brozek, Ambrogioni and in over fifty other spellings world wide, is of Ancient Greek origin. It derives from the personal name… …   Surnames reference

  • ambroise — pm. Bréze (Table) …   Dictionnaire Français-Savoyard


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.