Jorabagan

Infobox Settlement
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settlement_type =Neighbourhood in Kolkata (Calcutta)
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subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = IND
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_name1 = West Bengal
subdivision_type2 = City
subdivision_name2 = Kolkata
subdivision_type3 = Ward
subdivision_name3 = # 19,20,21,24,25
subdivision_type4 = Metro Station
subdivision_name4 = Girish Park
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leader_title = MLA
leader_name = Parimal Biswas
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unit_pref =Imperial
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population_as_of = 2001
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population_total = 129701
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timezone = IST
utc_offset = +5:30
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latd=23.8 |latm= |lats= |latNS=N
longd=88.25 |longm= |longs= |longEW=E
postal_code_type = PIN
postal_code = 700 006
area_code = +91 33
website =
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Jorabagan ( _bn. জোড়াবাগান) is a neighbourhood in north Kolkata, earlier known as Calcutta, in the Indian state of West Bengal. As a neighbourhood, it covers a small area but its importance is primarily because of the police station [cite web | url = http://www.kolkatapolice.org/Section.asp?PSID=2&Typ=PS
title = Jorabagan Police Station| accessdate = 2008-01-10 | last = | first = | work = | publisher = Kolkata Police
] and the assembly constituency.

Etymology

Jorabagan, meaning ‘a pair of gardens’ in Bengali, was so named because the road through it led to the garden houses of Gobindram Mitter and Umichand. [Cotton, H.E.A., "Calcutta Old and New", 1909/1980, p 104, General Printers and Publishers Pvt. Ltd.]

History

Jorabagan is part of old Sutanuti. It is in this neighbourhood that Job Charnock made his famous landing at Sutanuti ghat in 1690. Mohunton’s ghat between Beniatola and Sobhabazar ghats lurks the forgotten traditional landing place. There was a large tree under which Job Charnock is believed to have rested. Cotton, H.E.A., p. 282]

The Sabarna Roy Choudhury Paribar Parishad, and nine other intellectuals of the city filed a public interest litigation before the Kolkata High Court in 2001 demanding a probe into the matter whether Job Charnock can be regarded as the founder of Kolkata. The Court, upon an Expert Committee finding, declared that Job Charnock cannot be regarded as the founder of the city. ["Bangiya Sabarna Katha Kalishetra Kalikatah" by Bhabani Roy Choudhury, Bn icon, Manna Publication. ISBN-81-87648-36-8] [http://www.devarshi.faithweb.com Sabarna Prithivi - website of the Sabarna Roy Choudhury family] ]

Geography

Nimtala ghat in the neighbourhood is the burning ghat where Hindus cremate their dead. Amongst the more renowned people cremated there was Rabindranath Tagore and the place is marked with a memorial structure. Nimtala ghat now has an electric crematorium.

Demographics

Jorabagan police station area spread over ward nos. 19 (Ahiritola-Beniatola), 20 (Jorabagan, Nimtalaghat), 21 (Jorabagan – partly under North Port PS), 24 (Pathuriaghata, Malapara), and 25 (part of Jorasanko) had a total population of 129,701 in the 2001 census, of which 77,367 were males and 52,334 were females. The entire area recorded negative decadal growth. [cite web | url = http://www.wbcensus.gov.in/DataTables/02/Table4_17.htm
title = Provisional Population Totals, Table 4| accessdate = 2007-10-10 | last = | first = | work = Population, Decadal Growth Rate, Density and General Sex Ratio by Residence and Sex, West Bengal/ District/ Sub District, 1991 and 2001| publisher = Census Commission of India
] The neighbourhood is dominated by Marwaris and is largely Hindi-speaking.

Politics

In the 2006 state assembly elections the Jorabagan seat was won by Parimal Biswas of CPI(M) defeating his nearest rival Sanjoy Bakshi of AITC. In the 2004 by-elections, Parimal Biswas of CPI(M) defeated Rajesh Kumar Sinha of INC. The bye-election was necessitated by the election of sitting MLA, Sudhansu Seal to parliament from Calcutta North West (Lok Sabha constituency). Sudhansu Seal of CPI(M) defeated Sanjoy Bakshi of AITC in 2001. Sanjoy Bakshi representing INC defeated Sarala Maheswari of CPI(M) in 1996. Subrata Mukherjee of INC defeated Shantilal Jain of BJP in 1991, and Sarla Maheswari of CPI(M) in 1987 and 1982. Haripada Bharati of JNP defeated Hara Prasad Chatterjee of CPI(M) in 1977. [cite web | url = http://archive.eci.gov.in/ElectionAnalysis/AE/S25/Partycomp142.htm | title = 142 - Jorabagan Assembly Constituency | accessdate = 2007-10-10 | last = | first = | work = Partywise comparison since 1977 | publisher = Election Commission of India] [cite web | url = http://pd.cpim.org/2004/1024/10242004_bengal.htm
title = Bengal LF Wins By Big Margins | accessdate = 2007-10-10 | last = | first = | work = | publisher = People’s Democracy, 24 October 2004
]

Jorabagan is part of Calcutta North West (Lok Sabha constituency) [cite web | url = http://archive.eci.gov.in/se2001/background/S25/WB_ACPC.pdf | title = General election to the Legislative Assembly, 2001 – List of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies | accessdate = 2007-10-08 | last = | first = | work = West Bengal | publisher = Election Commission of India]

References

See also


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