Actium

Actium

Actium (modern name: Punta) was the ancient name of a promontory of western Greece in northwestern Acarnania, at the mouth of the Sinus Ambracius (Gulf of Arta) opposite Nicopolis, built by Augustus on the north side of the strait.

On the promontory was an ancient temple of Apollo Actius, which was enlarged by Augustus, who, to memorialize the Battle of Actium, instituted or renewed the quinquennial games known as Actia or Ludi Actiaci. Actiaca Aera was a computation of time from the battle. There was on the promontory a small town, or rather village, also called Actium.

History

Actium belonged originally to the Corinthian colonists of Anactorium, who probably founded the worship of Apollo Actius and the Actia games; in the 3rd century BC it fell to the Acarnanians, who subsequently held their synods there. Actium is chiefly famous as the site of Caesar Augustus' decisive victory over Mark Antony (September 2, 31 BC). This battle ended a long series of ineffectual operations. The final conflict was provoked by Antony, who is said to have been persuaded by his wife, the queen Cleopatra of Egypt, to retire to her land and give battle to mask his retreat; but lack of provisions and the growing demoralization of his army would eventually account for this decision. An ancient Roman festival, Actia, was named after Actium.

ee also

*Battle of Actium


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Actium — n. 1. naval battle where Antony and Cleopatra were defeated by Octavian s fleet under Agrippa in 31 BC. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Actium — [ak′tē əm, ak′shē əm] cape on the NW coast of Acarnania (in ancient Greece): the forces of Mark Antony and Cleopatra were defeated by those of Octavian in a naval battle near Actium (31 B.C.) …   English World dictionary

  • Actium — (a. Geogr.), Vorgebirge (jetzt Cap Punta) u. Flecken (jetzt Azio) am Ambrakischen Meerbusen in Akarnanien. Hier am 2. Sept. 31 v. Chr. Seesieg Octavians über Antonius, s. Rom (Gesch.). Auf dem Vorgebirge ein Apollotempel, welchen Octavian… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Actium — Actium, lat. Name von Aktion (s. d.) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Actium — Actĭum, grch. Aktion, jetzt La Punta, Vorgebirge an der Westküste Griechenlands, südl. am Eingang des Ambrakischen Golfs (jetzt Golf von Arta), mit Tempel des Apollon und Festspielen (Aktia) zu seinen Ehren, berühmt durch den Seesieg des… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Actium — Actium, Vorgebirge und Stadt am ambracischen Meerbusen (heute Meerbusen von Arta), berühmt durch den Sieg, den Cäsar Octavianus den 2. Sept. 31 v. Chr. über Antonius gewann, der ihn zum Alleinherrn des römischen Reiches machte. Als Augustus… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Actium — v. anc. et promontoire de la Grèce, à l entrée du golfe d Ambracie. Victoire navale d Octavien sur Antoine et Cléopâtre (31 av. J. C.) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • ACTIUM — Epiri oppid. et promontor. ubi Augustus, devictis navali praeliô Antoniô et Cleopatrâ, an. Urb. Cond. 724. A. M. 4024. A. C. 30. unde illustris Epocha orta, et Actraci anni originem ceperunt, urbem condidit, et Nicopolin, a Victoria nominavit… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Actium — Schlacht bei Actium 31 v. Chr. Actium (griechisch: Ἄκτιον, Aktion) war in der Antike der Name einer flachen Halbinsel gegenüber dem heutigen Preveza, rechter Hand der Einfahrt zum Ambrakischen Golf.[1] Im Mittelalter hieß die Halbinsel Punta.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Actium — 38° 57′ 11″ N 20° 46′ 05″ E / 38.953, 20.768 Actium (aujourd hui Punta) est le nom …   Wikipédia en Français


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