Achelous class repair ship

The "Achelous" class repair ship was a class of ship built by the US Navy during World War Two.

As the US gained experience in amphibious operations, it was realized that some sort of mobile repair facility would be useful for repairing the damage that frequently occurred to smaller vessels such as LCVP's (Landing Craft Vehicle/Personnel). The Auxiliary Repair Light (ARL) ship was designed to meet this need, and the "Achelous" class was the only class to receive this designation.

Description

"Achelous" class vessels were based on the same hull as LST's (Landing Ship, Tank) which at the time were being produced in large numbers. This hull was thought to be ideal for a ship specializing in the repair of light craft, since it was not overly large and had a shallow draught which would enable it to maneouvre into small harbours, rivers and inlets where it could service damaged boats and effect other repairs on location.

The conversion from an LST to an "Achelous" class ARL was done mainly by converting the large interior tank deck into a number of different shops and storerooms. Two large cargo booms were added forward, and a large 60 ton A frame boom added amidships. The wheelhouse/chart room deck was expanded, and a conning tower added.

The ship's company consisted of the usual LST crew of deck, engineering and communications departments but in addition it had a supply department, plus a repair department consisting of machinery and engine repair, carpentry, electronics repair, and hull repair divisions, giving a ship's complement of approximately 250 officers and men in total.

Operational history

During World War II, the "Achelous" class vessels worked mostly on repairing damaged landing craft, but many continued in service after the war, working again on landing craft during the Korean War and on river craft during the Vietnam War.

In all, 39 "Achelous" class repair ships were built between 1943 and 1945.

References

* [http://www.navsource.org/archives/10/19/19idx.htm What is an ARL?] - Navsource Online.
* [http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/USN/ships/ships-ar.html Ships of the U.S. Navy, 1940-1945]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • USS Achelous (ARL-1) — was one of 39 tank landing ships converted into landing craft repair ships for service in the United States Navy during World War II. The lead ship in her class, she was named for the Greek god Achelous, the only U.S. Naval vessel to bear the… …   Wikipedia

  • Amphibious warfare ship — Infobox Aviation name = Amphibious warfare ship caption = Essex Amphibious Ready Group in the Pacific Ocean. Pictured left to right, the USS Germantown (LSD 42), USS Essex (LHD 2), USS Juneau (LPD 10), and the USS Fort McHenry (LSD 43).… …   Wikipedia

  • List of World War II topics (A) — # A 20 Havoc # A 25 Helldiver # A 26 Invader # A 31 Vengeance # A A line # A Bell for Adano (novel) # A Blank in the Weather Map # A Bridge Too Far (book) # A Bridge Too Far (film) # A Canterbury Tale # A Challenge to Democracy # A class… …   Wikipedia

  • USS Achilles — At least two United States Navy ships have borne the name Achilles , in honor of the Greek hero Achilles:* The first Achilles was the name briefly given to the monitor Modoc on 15 June 1869.* The second Achilles was an LST 1 class tank landing… …   Wikipedia

  • USS Poseidon — One ship of the United States Navy has been named Poseidon for the Greek god of the sea. * USS Poseidon (ARL 12), an Achelous class repair ship, served during World War II.* A fictitious USS Poseidon (SSN 729) is the title character in the 2005… …   Wikipedia

  • USS Achilles (ARL-41) — was one of 39 Achelous class landing craft repair ships built for the United States Navy during World War II. Named after the Greek hero Achilles, she was the only U.S. Naval vessel to bear the name.She was laid down as the unnamed LST 455 on 3… …   Wikipedia

  • USS Askari (ARL-30) — The USS Askari (ARL 30) was one of 39 Achelous class landing craft repair ships built for the United States Navy during World War II. Askari is an Arabic word for soldier, a term frequently applied to indigenous troops in Africa serving European… …   Wikipedia

  • USS Atlas (ARL-7) — The USS Atlas (ARL 7) was one of 39 Achelous class landing craft repair ships built for the United States Navy during World War II. Named for Atlas (in Greek mythology, the son of the Titan Iapetus and Clymene and the brother of Prometheus), she… …   Wikipedia

  • USS Adonis (ARL-4) — The USS Adonis (ARL 4) was one of 39 Achelous class landing craft repair ships built for the United States Navy during World War II. Named for Adonis (a handsome youth in Greek mythology who was loved by Aphrodite), she was the only U.S. Naval… …   Wikipedia

  • USS Sphinx (ARL-24) — The USS Sphinx (ARL 24) was one of 39 Achelous class landing craft repair ships built for the United States Navy during World War II. Named for the Sphinx (a mythical monster formed by joining the body of a lion and the head of a human), she was… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”