- Red ribbon
The red ribbon, a
ribboncolored red, has several different meanings in different contexts. Foremost, it is the symbol of solidarity of people living with HIV/ AIDS.
The red ribbon is a symbol for both drug prevention and for the fight against
AIDS Awareness Origin
Red Ribbon Projectwas created by the New York-based [http://thebody.com/visualaids/about.html Visual AIDS] Artists Caucus in 1991.:
# Remain anonymous as individuals and to credit the Visual AIDS Artists Caucus as a whole in the creation of the Red Ribbon Project, and not to list any individual as the “creator” of the Red Ribbon Project;
# Keep the image copyright free, so that no individual or organization would profit from the use of the red ribbon;
# The Red Ribbon should be used as a consciousness raising symbol, not as a commercial or trademark tool.
The artists who formed the Visual AIDS Artists Caucus wished to create a visual symbol to demonstrate compassion for people living with AIDS and their caregivers. Inspired by the yellow ribbons honoring American soldiers serving in the Gulf war, the color red was chosen for its, "connection to blood and the idea of passion -- not only anger, but love, like a valentine." First worn publicly by Jeremy Irons at the 1991 Tony Awards, the ribbon soon became renowned as an international symbol of AIDS awareness, becoming a politically correct fashion accessory on the lapels of celebrities. The Red Ribbon continues to be a powerful force in the fight to increase public awareness of HIV/AIDS and in the lobbying efforts to increase funding for AIDS services and research.
At county and
state fairs in the United States, a red ribbon is awarded to the competitor finishing in second place in a contest. It is used for first place in Canada.
In some judging competitions, particularly in
4-Hand FFA livestockand horticulturalcompetitions, red ribbons may be given to a project that meets some of the judging criteria but falls short in other areas. Superior projects and exhibits are awarded blue ribbons (which are second-place ribbons in Canada).
Annual Alcohol, Tobacco and Other Drug Prevention Awareness Campaign
National Red Ribbon Week began after the kidnapping, torture and brutal murder of
Drug Enforcement Administration(DEA) agent [http://www.camarenafoundation.org Enrique "Kiki" Camarena] in 1985. Agent Camarena had been working undercover in Guadalajara, Mexico for over four years. His efforts led to a tip that resulted in the discovery of a multimillion dollar narcotics manufacturing operation in Chihuahua, Mexico. The successful eradication of this and other drug production operations angered leaders of several drug cartels who sought revenge. As a result, they murdered key informants and then, on February 7, 1985, they kidnapped Agent Camarena and his pilot Captain Alfredo Zavala-Avelar (taken separately on the same day).
After DEA Agent Camarena and Captain Zavala-Avelar were kidnapped, the DEA launched a massive investigation. The agents found local law enforcement uncooperative at best. DEA Administrator Jack Lawn and US Attorney General Edwin Meese sought greater support from Mexican officials including the Mexican Attorney General but to no avail. Orders from US Customs Commissioner William von Raab effectively closed the US/Mexican border for days putting pressure on the Mexican government to assist.
Soon, representatives of the Mexican Federal Judicial Police (MFJP) presented a tip to DEA Agents that claimed Agent Camarena had been mistakenly kidnapped by a man and his three sons. The MFJP informed the agents that a raid of the man's ranch in Angostura would take place the following morning and invited them to come. However, the MFJP raided the ranch before DEA agents arrived. During the raid, they shot and killed five individuals. Not long after, a passerby discovered the bodies of both Agent Camarena and Captain Zavala-Avelar by the side of the road not far from the ranch.
The DEA's investigation revealed that Agent Camarena had been tortured extensively before he was murdered. Audiotapes of the torture showed that medical doctors actually kept Agent Camarena alive in order to continue the interrogation. Evidence collected revealed that both Agent Camarena and Captain Zavala-Avelar were initially buried in one location and then moved to the ranch where they were found.
The dramatic events that followed Agent Camarena's disappearance were chronicled in national media here at home. They exposed the dark world of drug trafficking including how far drug traffickers would go to maintain power and control.
In Agent Camarena's home town, Calexico, CA, the public outpouring of support turned in to an organized community response in which citizens donned red ribbons. They became a voice for prevention in order to reduce the demand for illegal drugs and illegal use of legal drugs in America. The following year the California State PTA adopted the Red Ribbon campaign. Then, in 1988, Red Ribbon Week was recognized nationally with President Ronald and First Lady Nancy Reagan serving as the Honorary Chairs.
Today, the Red Ribbon Celebration brings millions of people together to raise awareness regarding the need for alcohol, tobacco and other drug and violence prevention, early intervention, and treatment services. It is the largest, most visible prevention awareness campaign observed annually in the
The [http://www.redribboncoalition.com/index.php/role/pledge Red Ribbon Pledge] is "no use of illegal drugs, no illegal use of legal drugs."
Japanese School Athletics
The national colors of Japan are red and white, which have deep cultural meanings that can be described summarily as "energetic activity" and "purity of aim". In U.S. schools, boys' athletic games employ teams of "shirts" and "skins", the latter team removing their shirts. In Japan, one team ties on a red ribbon (but not in the loop form shown on this page), a differentiation applicable to girls' sports too.
This cultural pattern is referenced in
mangaand anime. The side opposing the protagonists is called "Red Ribbon" in Dragon Ball and in the original of Pokemon. By default, the protagonists have the symbolism of "purity of aim".
Paul Jabara- co-founder of the Red Ribbon Project
Medals of Honor (Japan)
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