Anatomy (from the Greek "polytonic|ἀνατομία anatomia", from " polytonic|ἀνατέμνειν ana: separate, apart from, and temnein", to cut up, cut open) is a branch of
biologythat is the consideration of the structure of living things. It is a general term that includes human anatomy, animal anatomy ( zootomy) and plant anatomy(phytotomy). In some of its facets anatomy is closely related to embryology, comparative anatomyand comparative embryology, cite web | url=http://www.bartleby.com/107/1.html| title= Introduction page, "Anatomy of the Human Body". Henry Gray. 20th edition. 1918|accessdaymonth = 19 March| accessyear = 2007] through common roots in evolution.
Anatomy is subdivided into gross anatomy (or macroscopic anatomy) and microscopic anatomy. Gross anatomy (also called topographical anatomy, regional anatomy, or anthropotomy) is the study of anatomical structures that can be seen by unaided vision. Microscopic anatomy is the study of minute anatomical structures assisted with
microscopes, which includes histology(the study of the organisation of tissues), and cytology(the study of cells).
history of anatomyhas been characterized, over time, by a continually developing understanding of the functions of organs and structures in the body. Methods have also advanced dramatically, advancing from examination of animals through dissection of cadavers (dead human bodies) to technologically complex techniques developed in the 20th century.
Anatomy should not be confused with
anatomical pathology(also called morbid anatomy or histopathology), which is the study of the gross and microscopic appearances of diseased organs.
Superficial anatomyor surface anatomy is important in anatomy being the study of anatomical landmarks that can be readily seen from the contours or the surface of the body. With knowledge of superficial anatomy, physicians or veterinary surgeons gauge the position and anatomy of the associated deeper structures.init
Human anatomy, including gross
human anatomyand histology, is primarily the scientific study of the morphology of the adult humanbody.
Generally, students of certain biological sciences,
paramedics, physiotherapists, nurses and medical students learn gross anatomy and microscopic anatomy from anatomical models, skeletons, textbooks, diagrams, photographs, lectures and tutorials. The study of microscopic anatomy (or histology) can be aided by practical experience examining histological preparations (or slides) under a microscope; and in addition, medical students generally also learn gross anatomy with practical experience of dissectionand inspection of cadavers (dead human bodies). Human anatomy, physiologyand biochemistryare complementary basic medical sciences, which are generally taught to medical students in their first year at medical school. Human anatomy can be taught regionally or systemically; that is, respectively, studying anatomy by bodily regions such as the head and chest, or studying by specific systems, such as the nervous or respiratory systems. The major anatomy textbook, Gray's Anatomy, has recently been reorganized from a systems format to a regional format, [cite web | url=http://www.intl.elsevierhealth.com/catalogue/title.cfm?ISBN=0443071683| title= Publisher's page for Gray's Anatomy. 39th edition (UK). 2004. ISBN 0-443-07168-3|accessdaymonth = 19 March | accessyear = 2007] [cite web |url= http://www.us.elsevierhealth.com/product.jsp?isbn=0443071683| title=Publisher's page for Gray's Anatomy. 39th edition (US). 2004. ISBN 0-443-07168-3|accessdaymonth = 19 March | accessyear = 2007] in line with modern teaching methods. A thorough working knowledge of anatomy is required by all medical doctors, especially surgeons, and doctors working in some diagnostic specialities, such as histopathologyand radiology. Academichuman anatomists are usually employed by universities, medical schools or teaching hospitals. They are often involved in teaching anatomy, and research into certain systems, organs, tissues or cells.
Anthropological anatomy or physical anthropology relates to the comparison of the anatomy of different races of humans.
Artistic anatomy relates to anatomic studies for artistic reasons.
List of anatomical topics
History of anatomy
* Important publications in anatomy
Anatomical terms of location
List of human anatomical features
List of human anatomical parts named after people
* [http://www.bartleby.com/107/ "Anatomy of the Human Body". 20th edition. 1918. Henry Gray]
* [http://www.anatomy.org American Association of Anatomists] promotes anatomical sciences.
* [http://www.anatomia-argentina.org.ar Argentine Association of Anatomy] promotes anatomical information from Argentine anatomists.
* [http://www.hapsweb.org Human Anatomy & Physiology Society] A society to promote communication among teachers of human anatomy and physiology in colleges, universities, and related institutions.
* [http://www.neuroanatomy.org Neuroanatomy] is an annual journal of clinical neuroanatomy.
* [http://www.ijav.org International Journal of Anatomical Variations] is an annual journal of anatomical variations and clinical anatomy case reports.
* [http://brainmaps.org High-Resolution Cytoarchitectural Primate Brain Atlases]
* [http://www.innerbody.com/htm/body.html Free online anatomy atlas]
* [http://www.npac.syr.edu/projects/vishuman/VisibleHuman.html The NPAC Visible Human Viewer]
* [http://www.rtstudents.com/ Online Radiology Anatomy Resources]
* [http://www.getbodysmart.com/ Get Body Smart]
* [http://www.anatomyatlases.org/ Anatomy Atlases - a digital library of anatomy information]
* [http://www.instantanatomy.net Instant Anatomy - Online anatomy website with podcasts]
* [http://danceopedia.org/anatomy/quiz-ocrl2/ Anatomy quiz for the Level 2 OCR Certifcate]
* [http://www.anatomywiz.com The Anatomy Wiz.] An Interactive Cross-Sectional Anatomy Atlas
* [http://link.library.utoronto.ca/anatomia/ Anatomia 1522-1867: Anatomical Plates from the Thomas Fisher Rare Book Library]
* [http://www.asiaing.com/dream-anatomy.html Dream Anatomy]
* [http://web.mac.com/rlivingston/iWeb/Site/Radiology%20Anatomy%20Atlas.html Free Program with Labeled Anatomic Images For Radiologists and Other Physicians]
* [http://sig.biostr.washington.edu/projects/fm/AboutFM.html Foundational Model of Anatomy ontology]
* [http://www.WinkingSkull.com WinkingSkull.com] is a free study aid for must-know anatomy.
* [http://www.equipodediseccion.com.ar Dissection Team from Argentina] home page of the Dissection Team from Argentina.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.