Gusii language


Gusii language

language
name=Gusii
nativename=EkeGusii
states=Kenya
region=Western Kenya, Gusii district
speakers=1,5 million
familycolor=Niger-Congo
fam2=Atlantic-Congo
fam3=Volta-Congo
fam4=Benue-Congo
fam5=Bantoid
fam6=Southern Bantoid
fam7=Narrow Bantu
fam8=Central
iso2=bnt|iso3=guz

The Gusii language (also known as Kisii or Ekegusii) is a Bantu language spoken in the Kisii district in western Kenya,whose head-quarters is Kisii town, (between the Kavirondo Gulf of Lake Victoria and the border with Tanzania). It is spoken by the Gusii people, numbering about 1.5 million (SIL/Ethnologue 1994). Many Gusii are bilingual in Luo.

Classification

Gusii is classified as a Central Bantu language, part of the subfamily of Kuria languages labeled E.10 in Guthrie's zonal classification of Bantu languages. Related languages are found mainly in Tanzania, and include Ware, Ikizu, Ikoma, and Kuria.

ounds

Vowels

Gusii has seven vowels. Vowel length is contrastive, i.e. the words 'bór' "to miss" and 'bóór' "to say" are distinguished by vowel length only.

Consonants

In the table below, orthographic symbols are included between brackets if they differ from the IPA symbols. Note especially the use of ‘y’ for IPA IPA|/j/, common in African orthographies. When symbols appear in pairs, the one to the right represents a voiced consonant.

Phonetic inventory of consonants in Gusii, IPA notation.
. bilabial alveo-palatal palatal velar
plosive p b t c (c) k g
fricative s
affricate cç (c)
nasal m n ɲ (ny) ŋ (ng')
trill r
approximant w j (y)

The following morphophonological alternations occur:
* n+r = nd
* n+b = mb
* n+g = ŋg
* n+k = ŋk
* n+m = mm

Bibliography

* Cammenga, Jelle (2002) "Phonology and morphology of Ekegusii: a Bantu language of Kenya". Köln: Rüdiger Köppe Verlag.
* Whiteley, Wilfred H. (1956) "A practical introduction to Gusii". Dar es Salaam/Nairobi/Kampala: East African Literature Bureau.
* Whiteley, Wilfred H. (1960) "The tense system of Gusii". Kampala: East African Institute of Social Research.
* Whiteley, Wilfred H. (1974) "Language in Kenia". Nairobi: Oxford University Press.

External links

* [http://www.ekegusii.org/ Ekegusii-English English-Ekegusii Dictionary]
* [http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=guz Ethnologue on Gusii]
* [http://www.rosettaproject.org/archive/guz/view?searchterm=gusii Partial Gusii Swadesh list at Rosetta Project]

Listening

* [http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=5371609 National Public Radio story about Kisii language] (from "All Things Considered" program, April 29, 2006)

ee also

* Languages of Kenya


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gusii people — Kisii (also known as Gusii or Kosova [ [http://www.britannica.com/eb/article 9038576/Gusii Encyclopædia Britannica: Gusii] ] ) is a community of Bantu speakers who inhabit the Kisii District in Nyanza, western Kenya.Kisii town is located in… …   Wikipedia

  • Gusii (langue) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Gusii. Gusii Parlée au  Kenya Nombre de locuteurs 2  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gusii — noun a) A tribe from Kenya. b) The Bantu language spoken in this tribe. Syn: Ekegusii, Kisii …   Wiktionary

  • Gusii — ISO 639 3 Code : guz ISO 639 2/B Code : ISO 639 2/T Code : ISO 639 1 Code : Scope : Individual Language Type : Living …   Names of Languages ISO 639-3

  • Kipsigis language — Kipsigis (or Kipsikii, Kipsikiis) is a Kalenjin language part of the Kenyan Kalenjin dialect cluster (commonly called Nandi) ref|nandi. It is spoken mainly in the Kericho district of the Rift Valley Province in Kenya. The Kipsigis people are the… …   Wikipedia

  • Kisii — may refer to:* Kisii, a town in Kenya * Kisii Central District, a District in Kenya * Gucha District, in Kenya, also known as South Kisii District * Nyamira District, in Kenya, also known as North Kisii District * Kisii people, an ethnic group in …   Wikipedia

  • Nyanza (province du Kenya) — 0° 30′ 00″ S 34° 40′ 00″ E / 0.5, 34.66666667 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Kisii, Kenya — Infobox City |official name = Kisii, Kenya nickname= image caption = Kisii, Kenya image pushpin mapsize = map caption = subdivision type = Province subdivision type1 = District subdivision name = Nyanza Province subdivision name1 = Kisii District …   Wikipedia

  • Nyanza Province — Nyanza   Province   Location in Kenya. Coordinates …   Wikipedia

  • Kiamokama — is a small farming community in South West Of Kenya in the Kisii District, Nyanza Province.It is located at Decimal Degrees 0.8333333 Latitude and 34.88333 Longitude. In DMS (Degrees, Minutes, Seconds) Kiamokama is located at 0° 50 0 N Latitude… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.