Dichtelbach
Dichtelbach
Coat of arms of Dichtelbach
Dichtelbach is located in Germany
{{{alt}}}
Dichtelbach
Coordinates 50°0′39″N 7°41′43″E / 50.01083°N 7.69528°E / 50.01083; 7.69528Coordinates: 50°0′39″N 7°41′43″E / 50.01083°N 7.69528°E / 50.01083; 7.69528
Administration
Country Germany
State Rhineland-Palatinate
District Rhein-Hunsrück
Municipal assoc. Rheinböllen
Mayor Martin Huhn
Basic statistics
Area 5.38 km2 (2.08 sq mi)
Elevation 403 m  (1322 ft)
Population 739 (31 December 2010)[1]
 - Density 137 /km2 (356 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate SIM
Postal code 55494
Area code 06764
View from the west

Dichtelbach is an Ortsgemeinde – a municipality belonging to a Verbandsgemeinde, a kind of collective municipality – in the Rhein-Hunsrück-Kreis (district) in Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. It belongs to the Verbandsgemeinde of Rheinböllen, whose seat is in the like-named town.

Contents

Geography

Location

The municipality lies in the eastern Hunsrück between the Autobahn A 61 and the Binger Wald (forest). The village lies on the old Roman road, the so-called Via Ausonia (or Ausoniusstraße in German), which led from Trier to Bacharach. The municipality’s namesake is a brook called the Dichtelbach, which empties into the Guldenbach between Rheinböllen’s main centre and its outlying centre of Rheinböllerhütte. The brook’s name was originally Dadilebach, which meant “Firebrook”, a reference to the many charcoal kilns in the woods along its course.

History

The village’s namesake brook, the Dichtelbach, had its first documentary mention on 6 November 996, but it was another 351 years before a documentary mention that clearly implied that a village of that name existed. This document, dated 6 January 1347, dealt with tithes in Rheinböllen; the parish priest and the vicar shared them under this agreement with the former getting two thirds and the latter the rest. Witnessing this deed were several noblemen, among them “Frischo dictus Kunig de Erbach, Frischo, dictus Ritter, et Henne natus Fridemanni de Elren, Henricus dictus Starke et Contzo, dictus Hase de Dehtelbach”, the last one being the core of the documentary proof of the village’s existence.

Henceforth, the area around the Dichtelbach was tied to the interests of the Archbishopric of Mainz, and in the time that followed, these interests eventually found their way into the Rhenish Counts Palatine’s hands.

A document from 1368 makes clear that the villages of Dichtelbach, Ellern, Erbach and Kleinweidelbach (then known as Weidelbach; now an outlying centre of Rheinböllen) then together formed a Schultheißerei called the altes Gericht (“Old Court”). There is also proof that this Schultheißerei belonged to the Palatine Amt of Simmern under Count Palatine Stephan (1410–1425).

According to Electoral Palatinate’s oldest book of fiefs from 1401, the Counts Palatine had enfeoffed 438 vassals with various holdings, among them several whom they had granted fiefs in Dichtelbach.

Further written sources only crop up from the latter half of the 15th century. Johann I made out to his wife Juliane von Nassau-Saarbrücken a Leibgedinge, a transfer of holdings for her benefit, that included several villages, among them Dichtelbach. The village’s name also crops up in a taxation list from Emperor Maximilian that dealt with the Gemeiner Pfennig, a levy of one Pfennig (or penny) imposed by the 1495 Diet of Worms (not the one commonly connected with Martin Luther). Everybody over the age of 15 had to pay this tax, with a further levy on those with assets of more than 500 Gulden. Maximilian’s list named 74 persons from Dichtelbach who were 15 or older. All together, they had to pay 3 Gulden, 5 Albus (“white pennies”) and 2 Pfennige (“pennies”). A Gulden was worth 24 Albus or 240 Pfennige.

According to the 1599 official description there were 25 hearths, that is, taxable family heads, in Dichtelbach, who all belonged to Electoral Palatinate. Named as Schultheiß was a one Niklas Schiltger, who was supposed to be subordinate to the Schultheiß at Rheinböllen. Various noblemen held fiefs in Dichtelbach.[2][3]

Beginning in 1794, Dichtelbach lay under French rule. In 1814 it was assigned to the Kingdom of Prussia at the Congress of Vienna. Since 1946, it has been part of the then newly founded state of Rhineland-Palatinate.

During the Cold War, American Patriot missiles with nuclear warheads were stationed for air defence on the Kandrich, a mountain near Dichtelbach. An old barracks in the woods still bears witness to this time, as do eight horseshoe-shaped protective barriers where today three wind turbines stand. Before the Patriots were there, the Kandrich was home to a radar station, which served to guide the Nike missiles stationed at the Grundlos-Wies, also nearby. Once the Cold War had ended, the military installation on the Kandrich was abandoned. The barracks and the military camp built at the Grundlos-Wies after the Nikes were withdrawn were also given up by 2006.

Population development

The following table shows Dichtelbach’s population figures over the years, each time at 31 December:[4]

  • 1815 – 366
  • 1835 – 499
  • 1871 – 495
  • 1905 – 474
  • 1939 – 371
  • 1950 – 436
  • 1961 – 418
  • 1965 – 430
  • 1970 – 436
  • 1975 – 463
  • 1980 – 478
  • 1985 – 491
  • 1987 – 511
  • 1990 – 499
  • 1995 – 669
  • 2000 – 680
  • 2005 – 692
  • 2006 – 720

Politics

Municipal council

The council is made up of 12 council members, who were elected at the municipal election held on 7 June 2009, and the honorary mayor as chairman.

Mayor

Dichtelbach’s mayor is Martin Huhn, and his deputies are Günter Hein and Doris Emmel.[5]

Coat of arms

The German blazon reads: Schild gespalten, vorne ein schräglinker blauer Wellenbalken, darunter ein schwarzer Hammer und Schlägel, über dem Wellenbalken das rote Mainzer Rad, hinten in Schwarz ein rotbewehrter und -gezungter goldener Löwe.

The municipality’s arms might in English heraldic language be described thus: Per pale Or a wheel spoked of six gules, a bend sinister wavy azure throughout and a hammer and sledge in saltire sable, all three in pale, and sable a lion rampant of the first armed and langued of the second.

The lion refers to the Dukes of Palatinate-Simmern, who once held sway locally. It also refers to the Electors Palatine. The two crossed mining tools refer to ore mining in the Dichtelbach area. The wavy bend sinister refers to the municipality’s name (which ends in —bach, which means “brook”). The wheel stands for the Archiepiscopal Foundation of Mainz, the recipient of the Binger Wald (forest) from Otto III, Holy Roman Emperor on 6 November 996. This often cited as Dichtelbach’s first documentary mention.

The arms have been borne since 16 March 1981, and were designed by Willi Wagner of Ohlweiler.[6]

Culture and sightseeing

Buildings

The following are listed buildings or sites in Rhineland-Palatinate’s Directory of Cultural Monuments:

  • Evangelical church, Kirchgasse – aisleless church, mid 18th century, west tower 1852
  • Near Rheinböllener Straße 16 – hand pump
  • Near Rheinböllener Straße 59 – fountain trough, Rheinböllen Ironworks, 19th century
  • Rheinböllner Straße – village fountain, Rheinböllen Ironworks, 19th century[7]

References

External links


This article incorporates information from the German Wikipedia.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Dichtelbach — Dichtelbach …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Dichtelbach — Wappen Deutschlandkarte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Dichtelbach — Original name in latin Dichtelbach Name in other language State code DE Continent/City Europe/Berlin longitude 50 latitude 7.7 altitude 438 Population 715 Date 2011 04 25 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Liste der Kulturdenkmäler in Dichtelbach — In der Liste der Kulturdenkmäler in Dichtelbach sind alle Kulturdenkmäler der rheinland pfälzischen Ortsgemeinde Dichtelbach aufgeführt. Grundlage ist die Denkmalliste des Landes Rheinland Pfalz (Stand: 14. März 2011). Einzeldenkmäler Kirchgasse …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Basselscheid — Wappen Deutschlandkarte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Beinhausen (Hunsrück) — Wappen Deutschlandkarte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Binger Wald — Blick vom Hochsteinchen auf den Binger Wald Bl …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Blickersau — Wappen Deutschlandkarte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Guldenbach — zwischen Windesheim und GuldentalVorlage:Infobox Fluss/KARTE fehlt …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Herschwiesen — Wappen Deutschlandkarte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”