Germanic name

Germanic name

Contents

Germanic given names are traditionally dithematic; that is, they are formed from two elements, by joining a prefix and a suffix. For example, King Æþelred's name was derived from æþel, for "noble", and ræd, for "counsel". Many of these names are still used today, while others have fallen out of use completely.

Honorifics were often added after names, rather than before. For example, King Edmund was "Edmund cyning".

List of Germanic given name elements

Prefixes

  • elf - elf (Ælfwaru, Ælfwine, Ælfric, Alfred)
  • adall, od, ead - wealth, heritage; noble (Odomir, Otto, Æthelflæd, (Æthelhard, Æthelred, Adelaide, Adolph, Adelbert, Albert, Ethel, Edgar, Edmund, Edward, Edwin))
  • bliþ - cheerful (Blythe)
  • ceol - keel, ship
  • coen - fierce (Conrad, Curt, Koenrad, Kurt)
  • cuþ - renowned (Cuthbert)
  • cwic - alive (Cwichelm)
  • eald - old
  • earn - eagle/erne
  • eg - sword (Egbert, Ecgbald, Ecgwine)
  • fri - free
  • gold - gold
  • hæm, holm - home (Denholm)
  • hæþ - heath (Heath)
  • heah - illustrious
  • hlud - fame (Chlodwig, Chlodomir, Chlodoswintha, Ludwig, Louise, Lewis)
  • hreþ - victory
  • hruot - fame (Hrothgar/Roger, Hrodberht, Robert, Roderick, Rodger, Rodney, Roland)
  • hyg - courageous (Hygelac)
  • iaru - prepared
  • ing - (Inga, Ingeborg, Inger, Ingrid)
  • leof - desirable, friendly (Leofwine)
  • liuti - people (Liutger, Liutgard, Lutold)
  • os - god (Oswin, Oswald, Oslac)
  • raþ - clever
  • sax - sword
  • wig - battle (Wiglaf, Wigbert)
  • wala, wæl - battle (Wel-nand,[1] Wala-man, Wala-rad, Wale-rand, Wala-runa, Wale-sinda, Wala-danc, Wala-helm, Wala-ram; hypochoristic Wallia, Walica)
  • þeod - people (Theodoric, Derick, Detlef, Diether, Diethelm, Theobald, Dietlinde, Dietfried, Theudebert)
  • eir, eer, ere - honor (Eric/Erik)

Suffixes

  • bald - bold (Theobald)
  • beorn - bear, warrior
  • beorg - walled town (Burke)
  • brand - sword (Brand, Brant, Hildebrand, Theudebrand)
  • ferþ - mind, soul, life, person
  • flæð (f.) - beauty (Aethelflaed)
  • gard (f.) - enclosure (Hildegard, Liutgart)
  • gar - spear (Edgar, Hrothgar, Rodger)
  • gifu - gift (Godgyfu, Godiva)
  • helm - protector
  • heit - rank, state (Adelaide)
  • hun - young bear
  • lid - gentle
  • laf - survivor, heir (Wiglaf, Herleif, Detlef)
  • mund - hand, protection (Edmund, Sigmund)
  • noþ, OHG nand[2] - courage (Byrhtnoth, Ferdinand, Wel-nand)
  • ræð - counsel, wisdom (Alfred, Conrad, Tancred)
  • run - rune, secret (Gudrun, Wala-runa)
  • stan - stone (Stanley, Sten)
  • swinþ - strength
  • þryþ - force (Æthelthryth, Ermintrude, Gertrude, Thrúd, Trudy
  • walh - foreign
  • waru (singular; wara plural) - guardian of (a particular place) by profession
  • weald - power (Edwald, Harold)
  • weard - guardian (Edward)
  • wine - friend (Aelfwine, Ecgwine, Edwin, Erwin, Leofwine, Marvin, Oswin)
  • wod, odhr - fury (Woðu-riðe)
  • rik, rich - rich (Eric/Erik)

Used as prefix or suffix

  • beraht/bryht - bright (Byrhtnoth, Bertrand, Cuthbert, Albert, Albright, Robert, Adelbert, Bert)
  • fried, ON friþ, OHG fridu - peace (Godfried, Dietfried, Fredegar, Ferdinand, Sigfrid/Siegfried)
  • gund, gud, gyþ - battle, war (Gunther/Gunter, Gunnhild, Haragund, Gudrun)
  • her - army (Diether, Harold, Harry, Herbert, Herleif, Herman)
  • hiltja - war (Gunnhild, Hildebrand, Hildegard)
  • mar - famous (Chlodomir, , Filimer, Filimir, Marvin, Odomir, Ricimer, Theodemir, Thiudimer, Valamer, Valamir, Valdemort, Valdemar, Vidimir, Waldemar, Widemir, Wulfmar, Wulfomir)
  • rihhi - ruler (Richard, Richimir, Roderick, Sigeric, Theodoric)
  • sig - victory (Sigeric, Sigibert, Sigmund)
  • wulf - wolf (Adolph, Beowulf, Cynewulf, Rudolph, Wulfstan). Especially as second element, -ulf, -olf is extremely common. Förstemann explains this as originally motivated by the wolf as an animal sacred to Wodanaz, but notes that the large number of names indicates that the element had become a meaningless suffix of male names at an early time. Förstemann counts 381 names in -ulf, -olf, among which only four are feminine.
  • wini - joy (Winston)

See also

References

  1. ^ from a PIE root *u?el "to wound, to slay", cognate to Greek ???? "wound"; see Hellmut Rosenfeld, Der Name Wieland, Beiträge zur Namenforschung (1969); c.f. Valhalla, Valkyrie, Valföðr etc.
  2. ^ cognate to Old Irish néit "combat", see Pokorny (1959), p. 755.

Further reading

  • Kitson, P. R. (2002). How Anglo-Saxon personal names work. Nomina, 24, 93.
  • Robinson, F. C. (1968). The significance of names in old English literature. Anglia, 86, 14–58.
  • Wyld, H. C. (1910). Old Scandinavian personal names in England. Modern Language Review, 5, 289–296.
  • Woolf, H. B. (1939). The old Germanic principles of name-giving. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
  • Olof von Feilitzen, The Pre-conquest Personal Names of Domesday Book (1937).
  • E. Förstemann, Altdeutsches Namenbuch (1856; online facsimile)

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Germanic peoples — The Germanic peoples are a historical group of Indo European speaking peoples, originating in Northern Europe and identified by their use of the Germanic languages which diversified out of Common Germanic in the course of the Pre Roman Iron Age.… …   Wikipedia

  • Germanic languages — Infobox Language family name = Germanic altname = Teutonic region = Originally in northern, western and central Europe; today worldwide familycolor = Indo European fam1 = Indo European child1 = East Germanic child2 = North Germanic child3 = West… …   Wikipedia

  • name — namer, n. /naym/, n., v., named, naming, adj. n. 1. a word or a combination of words by which a person, place, or thing, a body or class, or any object of thought is designated, called, or known. 2. mere designation, as distinguished from fact:… …   Universalium

  • Name of Poland — An 18th century map labeled Poland The ethnonyms for the Poles (people)[1] and Poland (their country) …   Wikipedia

  • Name — For other uses, see Name (disambiguation). Ceremonies, such as baptism, can be used to give names. A name is a word or term used for identification. Names can identify a class or category of things, or a single thing, either uniquely, or within a …   Wikipedia

  • Germanic paganism — refers to the religious beliefs of the Germanic peoples preceding Christianization. The best documented version of the Germanic pagan religions is 10th and 11th century Norse paganism, though other information can be found from Anglo Saxon… …   Wikipedia

  • Germanic monarchy — Germanic monarchy, also called barbarian monarchy, was a monarchical systemof government which was predominant among the Germanic tribes of Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages. It is often contrasted with feudal monarchy and national… …   Wikipedia

  • Germanic — (adj.) 1630s, of Germany or Germans, from GERMAN (Cf. German) + IC (Cf. ic). As the name of a language family, 1892, replacing earlier Teutonic. Germanical is attested from 1550s …   Etymology dictionary

  • Germanic religion and mythology — Introduction       complex of stories, lore, and beliefs about the gods and the nature of the cosmos developed by the Germanic speaking peoples before their conversion to Christianity.       Germanic culture extended, at various times, from the… …   Universalium

  • Germanic Neopaganism — Ásatrú redirects here. For other uses, see Ásatrú (disambiguation). A Heathen altar for household worship in Gothenburg, Sweden. The painted tablet on the back depicts Sunna, the two larger wooden idols Odin (left) and Frey (right), in front of… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.