Belleville, Illinois

Belleville, Illinois

Geobox|Settlement
name = Belleville
native_name =
other_name =
category = City
etymology =
official_name =
motto =
nickname =


image_caption = Welcome fountain coming into the city.


symbol =
country = United States
state = Illinois
region_type = County
region = St. Clair
district_type = Township
district = Belleville
municipality
part =
landmark =
river =
location =
elevation_imperial = 515
elevation_imperial_note = cite web|url=Gnis3|426266|title=USGS detail on Newtown|accessdate=2007-10-21]
prominence_imperial =
lat_d = 38
lat_m = 31
lat_s = 18
lat_NS = N
long_d = 89
long_m = 59
long_s = 43
long_EW = W
highest =
highest_location =
highest_region =
highest_state =
highest_elevation_imperial =
highest_lat_d =
highest_lat_m =
highest_lat_s =
highest_lat_NS =
highest_long_d =
highest_long_m =
highest_long_s =
highest_long_EW =
lowest =
lowest_location =
lowest_region =
lowest_state =
lowest_elevation_imperial =
lowest_lat_d =
lowest_lat_m =
lowest_lat_s =
lowest_lat_NS =
lowest_long_d =
lowest_long_m =
lowest_long_s =
lowest_long_EW =
length_imperial =
length_orientation =
area_imperial = 19.0
area_land_imperial = 18.9
area_water_imperial = 0.1
area_urban_imperial =
area_metro_imperial =
population = 41410
population_date = 2000
population_urban =
population_metro =
population_density_imperial = 2196.4
population_density_urban_imperial =
population_density_metro_imperial =
established_type = Founded
established = 1814
date =
government =
government_location =
government_region =
government_state =
government_elevation_imperial =
government_lat_d =
government_lat_m =
government_lat_s =
government_lat_NS =
government_long_d =
government_long_m =
government_long_s =
government_long_EW =
leader_type = Mayor
leader = Mark W. Eckert
timezone = CST
utc_offset = -6
timezone_DST = CDT
utc_offset_DST = -5
postal_code = 62220-62223, 62225, 62226, 62269
area_code = 618
code =
whs_name =
whs_year =
whs_number =
whs_region =
whs_criteria =
iucn_category =
free =
free_type =


map_caption = Location of Belleville within Illinois
map_background =
map_locator = Illinois
map1 =
map1_caption =
commons = Belleville, Illinois
statistics =
website = http://www.belleville.net/
footnotes =

Belleville is a city in St. Clair County, Illinois, United States. The population was 41,410 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of St. Clair County,GR|6 and the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Belleville and the National Shrine of Our Lady of the Snows. Belleville is in the Metro-East region of the St. Louis, Missouri metropolitan area. Belleville's sister city is Paderborn, Germany.

History

George Blair named the city of Belleville in 1814. Blair was born in 1760. Blair's family was of Scottish ancestry; his father was born in Scotland. Blair donated an acre of his land for the Town Square and an additional 25 acres that adjoined the Square for the new County Seat, thereby replacing the old county seat in Cahokia, Illinois. Belleville was incorporated as a village in 1819, and became a city in 1850. Although the name "Belleville" is French for "Beautiful City", most of the population is of a German heritage. After the failure of the German Revolution in the 1840s, many of the educated fled their homeland. Belleville was the center of the first important German settlement in the State of Illinois. At this time, an estimated 90% of the city's population was either German born or of German descent.Fact|date=March 2007

Geography

Topography

Belleville is located at coor dms|38|31|18|N|89|59|43|W|city (38.521567, -89.995208).GR|1

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 19.0 square miles (49.2 km²), of which, 18.9 square miles (48.8 km²) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.3 km²) of it (0.68%) is water.

Culture and contemporary life

Entertainment and performing arts

Jay Farrar (now of Son Volt), Mike Heidorn, and Jeff Tweedy (now of Wilco) of the now-defunct alt country group Uncle Tupelo are from Belleville along with Neal Doughty, keyboardist for 70's classic rock band REO Speedwagon. The City's downtown is also home to blues, punk, jazz, and rock clubs. Belleville Philharmonic Society was formed in 1866, making it the second oldest philharmonic orchestra in the country. [ [http://www.bellphil.com/ Belleville Philharmonic Society Symphony Orchestra ] ]

National Register of Historic Places

* Belleville Historic District
* Gustave Koerner House
* Knobeloch-Seibert Farm

Annual Events

Belleville holds several celebrations throughout the year. One of the newest, but most successful, is Art on the Square (the annual art fair).

* St Patrick's Day Parade (March 17th)
* [http://www.artonthesquare.com/index.htm Art on the Square] (5/16/08 - 5/18/08) - Art on the Square was recently named the #1 Art Fair in the Nation by [http://www.artfairsourcebook.com/ Art Fair Source Book] .
* Ainad Shriner's Circus Parade (1st Friday in June)
* Oktoberfest (September)
* Labor Day Parade (September)
* Chili Cookoff (October)
* Santa Claus Parade (November)
* Gingerbread Walk (December)

Attractions

* [http://www.eckerts.com/ Eckert’s Country Store and Farms]
* [http://www.laborandindustrymuseum.org/ Labor & Industry Museum] - from the museum website: The Labor & Industry Museum is devoted to the history of the labor and industry of Belleville and southwestern Illinois. Belleville was one of the most significant centers for the growth of Illinois industry, which ranked third in the nation in the late 19th century. The Museum's mission is to chronicle and interpret the area's rich cultural heritage of labor and industry.
* [http://www.snows.org/DefaultEnglish.aspx Our Lady of the Snows, National Shrine]
* [http://www.ravissantwinery.com/ Ravissant Winery]
* [http://www.skyview-drive-in.com/ Sky-View Drive-In] - One of the few remaining drive-in's in the St Louis metro area.

ports

* Rowdies Rugby Football Club - the only rugby football club in the Belleville area.

Demographics

As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 41,410 people, 17,603 households, and 10,420 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,196.4 people per square mile (848.2/km²). There were 19,142 housing units at an average density of 1,015.3/sq mi (392.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 81.51% White, 15.51% African American, 0.26% Native American, 0.81% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 0.41% from other races, and 1.43% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.63% of the population.

There were 17,603 households out of which 28.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.0% were married couples living together, 13.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.8% were non-families. 35.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.95.

In the city the population was spread out with 23.4% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 30.3% from 25 to 44, 20.1% from 45 to 64, and 17.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 88.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $35,979, and the median income for a family was $46,426. Males had a median income of $33,361 versus $25,375 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,990. About 9.3% of families and 11.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.2% of those under age 18 and 9.3% of those age 65 or over.

Higher Education - Saint Louis University [http://professionalstudies.slu.edu Belleville Campus] , Lindenwood University Belleville Campus, and Southwestern Illinois College

Four high schools - 2 public ( [http://www.bths201.org/east/ Belleville Township HS East] , [http://www.bths201.org/west/ Belleville Township HS West] ), and 2 private ( [http://www.althoff.net/ Althoff Catholic HS] , [http://www.gfacademy.com/index2.htm Governor French Academy] ).Fact|date=March 2007

Belleville is also home to a relatively large grade school district. [http://www.belleville118.stclair.k12.il.us/ Belleville District 118] has 9 elementary schools, (Roosevelt, Abraham Lincoln, Douglas, Franklin, Jefferson, Union, Westhaven, Henry Raab, and Washington) and 2 junior high schools (Central Junior High and West Junior High). [http://www.bv119.org/ Belle Valley School District 119] includes North Elementary School and South Middle School. [http://harmony.il.schoolwebpages.com/education/district/district.php?sectionid=1 Harmony School District 175] includes Ellis Elementary and Emge Jr. High. [http://www.signalhillschool.org/ Signal Hill School] is the only school in district 181. [http://www.whiteside.stclair.k12.il.us/ Whiteside Elementary School and Whiteside Middle School] make up district 115. Parochial grade schools include St. Peter's Cathedral, [St. Mary St.Augustine (SMSA)] [http://www.stasaints.org] , St. Teresa, Blessed Sacrament, Our Lady Queen of Peace, and Zion Lutheran School.

Infrastructure

Transportation

Belleville is home to 3 St. Louis MetroLink stations - Memorial Hospital, Belleville, and College.

Belleville's airport hosts Scott Air Force Base and MidAmerica St. Louis Airport.

ister City

Belleville is sister city to Paderborn, Germany. [http://www.bellevillechamber.org/city/sister/index.asp Belleville Sister Cities, Inc] is the organization which fosters the relationship between the two cities.

Famous residents

*Buddy Ebsen - Actor; famous for TV roles as Jed Clampett (The Beverly Hillbillies) and Barnaby Jones.
*Max Flack - Major League Baseball player
*Bob Groom - Deadball Era major-league pitcher
*Darius Miles - NBA Basketball Player
*Gary Leonard - NBA Basketball Player
*Jimmy Connors - Tennis Pro Star
*Brian Daubach - Major-League Baseball Player
*Jeff Tweedy - Born in Belleville, front man of alternative rock group Wilco, and a successful solo artist.
*Bob Goalby - Former Professional Golfer, 1968 Masters Champion.
*Randy Wells - Current Major League Baseball relief pitcher for the Toronto Blue Jays
*Sandra Magnus - An American engineer and a NASA astronaut
*K-Run's Park Me In First aka "Uno" - Winner of the 2008 Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show
*Harry Statham - College Basketball Coach with most career wins
*Jay Farrar - Born in Belleville, front man of rock group Son Volt, formed Uncle Tupelo with Jeff Tweedy, and a successful solo artist.

External links

* [http://www.belleville.net/ www.belleville.net]
* [http://bellevilleillinois.homestead.com/ Belleville, Illinois - A Pictorial History and Tribute]
* [http://www.bnd.com/ The Belleville News Democrat Online]
* [http://www.bellevillepubliclibrary.org/ Belleville Public Library]


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