- Aimery II of Narbonne
Aimery II or Aimeric II (died
17 July 1134) was the Viscount of Narbonnefrom around 1106 until his death.
He was the eldest son of
Aymeri I of Narbonneand Mahalt (also Mahault or Mafalda), daughter of Robert Guiscardand Sichelgaitaand widow of Raymond Berengar II of Barcelona. [Cheyette, 15.] This made him a half-brother of Raymond Berengar III. He initially ruled as a minor under the regency of his mother. [Ibid, 211–212.] After he came of age he married Ermengard.
Probably in 1112 or 1113, Aimery received the
Fenouillèdesand the Peyrepertusèsfrom his half-brother in return for swearing an oath of fealty against Bernard Ato of Béziers, with whom Raymond Berengar was at war. [Ibid, 77 and n31.] The lords of the Fenouillèdes and the Peyrepertuseès remained vassals of Narbonne until the Albigensian Crusadeand the viscounts of Narbonne took the lordship of Rouffiacnear Peyrepertuseinto their own hands. When Douce I of Provencedied and Raymond Berengar claimed the County of Provence, Aimery received the fief of
Beaucaire and the "terre d'Argence" near the mouth of the Rhône in Provence. [Ibid, 86.]
Sometime during his rule, Aimery granted the merchants of
Narbonnethe right to form a consulatein imitation of Genoa. Probably he saw the self-organisation of his merchants and their formation of a military in their own defence as an aid to his own rule so long as the consulate remained under vicecomital control, which in the end it did not. [Ibid, 100.]
In 1114, Aimery put an end to conflicting claims in the village of
Le Lacon the Via Domitiaby transferring his rights there to the abbey of Lagrassein return for a large loan of gold and silver. [Ibid, 77.] He also enterred into a conflict with his cousin Richard, Archbishop of Narbonne, who may have been a compromise candidate between Aimery and the popefor the archiepiscopal throne. [Ibid, 208.] Richard claimed that Aimery "fecit mihi hominium propriis manibus" ("did homage to [him] with his own hands") received "fedovia" ("fiefs") from the Church "in the presence of the universal synod of the province of Narbonne." [Ibid, 207.] The archbishop accused Aimery of deceiving him concerning the extent of the Church's fiefs and attempting to hold land as his by inheritance which was his by grant of the Church; he also accused Aimery of withholding revenues from taxes and imposts that should have gone to the Church. [Ibid, 209–210.] Aimery was recorded to have even abused church property violently and there were disputes concerning who controlled the towers on the city walls. The whole dispute lasted a long time, but Aimery was made to come to terms by the Papacy's support of Richard. [Ibid, 108–109.] In the end, he had to swear oaths of fealty to the archbishop, recognise the archbishop's independent temporal lordship, and concede that some of the rights he held in the city of Narbonne constituted a fief of the archbishopric. [Ibid.]
In 1124, Bernard Ato of Béziers declared war on Aimery, who responded by razing the castle ("pro justicia", "out of justice") at
Montséret, which had been held by Aimery's vassal Bernard Amati until he had treacherously turned it over to Bernard Ato. [Ibid, 205.] Not long after this Aimery turned towards Iberia and joined the Reconquistabeing waged by Alfonso the Battlerin the Ebrovalley.
In July 1131, Aimery was at the deathbed of his half-brother to witness his final testament, of which he was to be the executor. [Ibid, 86.] Aimery died in battle before the walls of the
Moorishcity of Fraga, which Alfonso had been besieging. [Ibid, 21.] Aimery had two sons and a daughter by Ermengard; the eldest, Aimery, predeceased him, and he was succeeded by his daughter Ermengard, who was only four or five at the time. He married a second time to a woman named Ermessenda and left by her a daughter of the same name.
*Cheyette, Fredric L. "Ermengard of Narbonne and the World of the Troubadours". Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2001.
Aymeri de Narbonne- a fictional knight in the Matter of France
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