- Politics of the Federated States of Micronesia
The politics of the
Federated States of Micronesia(FSM) takes place in a framework of a federal parliamentary representative democratic republic. The President of the Federated States of Micronesiais both head of stateand head of government. Executive poweris exercised by the government, while legislative poweris vested in both the government and parliament. The judiciaryis independent of the executive and the legislature.
The internal workings of the FSM are governed by the 1979 constitution, which guarantees fundamental
human rightsand establishes a separation of governmental powers. The Federation is in free association with the United States; the Compact of Free Associationentered into force 3 November 1986.
Manny Mori|| || May 11, 2007
Alik L. Alik|| || May 11, 2007The president and the vice president are elected by Congress from among the four senators-at-large for four-year terms. The president is both the chief of state and head of government. Their congressional seats are then filled by special elections. The president and vice president are supported by an appointed cabinet.
Political parties and elections
head of state(the President) and a legislatureare elected on a national level. As far as available, at the last elections, 8 March 2005, only non-partisans have been elected. The president is elected for a four-year term by the parliament. There are no political parties in Micronesia, though they are not banned. Political allegiances depend mainly on family and island-related factors.
The judiciary is headed by the Supreme Court, which is divided into trial and appellate divisions. The president appoints judges with the advice and consent of the Congress.
The FSM is divided in four states:
Chuuk(Truk), Kosrae, Pohnpei, and Yap. Each has its own constitution, elected legislature, and governor. The state governments maintain considerable power, particularly regarding the implementation of budgetary policies.
International organization participation
AsDB, ESCAP, G-77, IBRD, ICAO, IDA, IFC, IMF, Intelsat, IOC, ITU, OPCW, PIF, Sparteca, SPC, UN, UNCTAD, WHO, WMO
Federated States of Micronesia
* [http://www.fsmgov.org Government of the Federated States of Micronesia]
* [http://psephos.adam-carr.net/countries/m/micronesia/ Adam Carr's Election Archive]
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