Mount Olympus
Mount Olympus

Mount Olympus
Elevation 2,917 m (9,570 ft)
Prominence 2,355 m (7,726 ft) [1]
Listing Country high point
Ultra
Location
Mount Olympus is located in Greece
Mount Olympus
Location of Mount Olympus in Greece
Location  Greece
Range Macedonia and Thessaly, near the Gulf of Salonika
Coordinates 40°05′08″N 22°21′31″E / 40.08556°N 22.35861°E / 40.08556; 22.35861Coordinates: 40°05′08″N 22°21′31″E / 40.08556°N 22.35861°E / 40.08556; 22.35861
Climbing
Easiest route Hike, some rock scramble

Mount Olympus (Greek: Όλυμπος ; also transliterated as Olympos, and on Greek maps, Oros Olympos) is the highest mountain in Greece, located on the border between Thessaly and Macedonia, about 100 kilometres (62 mi) away from Thessaloniki, Greece's second largest city. Mount Olympus has 52 peaks.[2] The highest peak Mytikas, meaning "nose", rises to 2,917 metres (9,570 ft).[3] It is one of the highest peaks in Europe in terms of topographic prominence.[1]

Mount Olympus is noted for its very rich flora with several species. It is a National Park of Greece and a World's Biosphere Reserve.

Contents

The abode of the gods

Olympus' highest peak, Mytikas

In Greek mythology Olympus was regarded as the "home" of the Twelve Olympian gods of the ancient Greek world.[4] It formed itself after the gods defeated the titans in the Titan War, and soon the palace was inhabited by the gods. It is the setting of many Greek mythical stories. Olympus was not shaken by winds nor ever wet with rain, nor did snow fall upon it, but the air is outspread clear and cloudless, and over it hovered a radiant whiteness.[5]

Climbing

Climbing Mount Olympus is a non-technical hike, except for the final section from Skala summit to Mitikas summit, which is YDS class 3 rock scramble. It is estimated that 10,000 people climb Mount Olympus each year, most of them reaching only the Skolio summit.

Most climbs to Mount Olympus start from the town of Litochoro, which took the name City of Gods because of its location on the roots of the mountain. A local from Litochoro, Christos Kakalos, became the first to reach the Mitikas summit on 2 August 1913. From there a road goes to Prionia, where the hike begins at the bottom of the mountain.

Coin

Mount Olympus and the national Park around it were selected as the main motif for the Greek National Park Olympus commemorative coin, minted in 2005. On the reverse, the War of the Titans on Mount Olympus is portrayed along with flowering branches on the lower part of the coin. Above the scene is written, in Greek, "National Park Olympus".

Gallery

Olympus South Peaks

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Europe Ultra-Prominences". peaklist.org. http://www.peaklist.org/WWlists/ultras/EuroCoreP1500m.html. Retrieved 2010-12-31. 
  2. ^ "Summit of the Gods". The Boston Globe. July 17, 2005. http://www.boston.com/travel/articles/2005/07/17/summit_of_the_gods/?page=1. Retrieved 2010-12-31. 
  3. ^ SummitPost - Olymbos (Olympus) - Climbing, Hiking & Mountaineering
  4. ^ Wilson, Nigel (2005-10-31). Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece. Abingdon, England: Routledge. p. 516. 
  5. ^ Homer, Odyssey, Book 6, 41

External links


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  • Mount Olympus — noun a mountain peak in northeast Greece near the Aegean coast; believed by ancient Greeks to be the dwelling place of the gods (9,570 feet high) • Syn: ↑Olympus, ↑Mt. Olympus, ↑Olimbos • Derivationally related forms: ↑Olympian (for: ↑Olympus) …   Useful english dictionary

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