- Frédéric Bazille
Jean Frédéric Bazille (
December 6 1841– November 28 1870) was a French Impressionist painter whose major works often foreground the figure within a landscape painted "en plein air". [http://www.wetcanvas.com/Museum/Artists/b/Frederic_Bazille/index.html WetCanvas bio] ]
Life and work
Frédéric Bazille was born in
Montpellier, Hérault, Languedoc-Roussillon, France, into a wealthy Protestantfamily. He became interested in painting after seeing some works of Eugène Delacroix. His family agreed to let him study painting, but only if he also studied medicine.
Bazille began studying medicine in 1859, and moved to
Parisin 1862 to continue his studies. There he met Pierre-Auguste Renoirand Alfred Sisley, was drawn to Impressionist painting, and began taking classes in Charles Gleyre's studio. After failing his medical exam in 1864, he began painting full-time. His close friends included Claude Monet, Alfred Sisley, and Édouard Manet. Bazille was generous with his wealth, and helped support his less fortunate associates by giving them space in his studio and materials to use.
Bazille was just twenty-three years old when he painted several famous works, including "The Pink Dress" (ca. 1864, in the
Musée d'Orsay, Paris). This painting combines a portrait-like depiction of Bazille's cousin—Thérèse des Hours, who is seen from behind—and the sunlit landscape at which she gazes. [Rosenblum, 1989, p. 225] His best known painting is "Family Reunion" of 1867–1868 (in the Musée d'Orsay, Paris).
Frédéric Bazille joined a Zouave regiment in August 1870, a month after the outbreak of the
Franco-Prussian War. On November 28of that year he was with his unit at the Battle of Beaune-la-Rolandewhen, his officer having been injured, he took command and led an assault on the German position. He was hit twice in the failed attack and died on the battlefield at the age of twenty nine. His father journeyed to the battlefield a few days later to take his body back for burial at Montpellier over a week later. [ [http://www.jstor.org/view/00076287/ap030607/03a00140/0 Burlington magazine entry] ]
La Robe rose", (1864) - 147 x 110 cm, Musée d'Orsay, Paris
* "Atelier de la rue Furstenberg", - 80 x 65 cm,
Musée Fabre, Montpellier
Aigues-Mortes", - 46 x 55 cm, Musée Fabre, Montpellier
* "Autportrait", (1865) - 109x72 cm,
The Art Institute, Chicago
Réunion de Famille", (1867) - 152 x 230 cm, Musée d'Orsay, Paris
Le Pécheur à l'épervier", (1868) - 134 x 83 cm, Fondation Rau pour le tiers-monde, Zürich
Vue de village", (1868) - 130 x 89 cm, Musée Fabre, Montpellier
Scène d'été", 1869 - 158 x 158 cm, Cambridge, Harvard University
La Toilette", (1870) - 132 x 127 cm., Musée Fabre, Montpellier
L'Atelier de la rue Condamine", (1870) - 98 x 128.5 cm, Musée d'Orsay, Paris
Paysage au bord du Lez", (1870) - 137.8 x 202.5 cm, The Minneapolis Institute of Arts, Minneapolis
*Rosenblum, Robert (1989). "Paintings in the Musée d'Orsay". New York: Stewart, Tabori & Chang. ISBN 1-55670-099-7
* [http://www.museumsyndicate.com/artist.php?artist=499 Bazille Gallery at MuseumSyndicate]
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