Supreme War Council (Japan)

Supreme War Council (Japan)

The Supreme War Council ("Senso-shi-do") was established during the development of representative government in Meiji period Japan to further strengthen the authority of the state. Its first leader was Yamagata Aritomo (1838–1922), a Chōshū native who has been credited with the founding of the modern Japanese army and was to become the first constitutional prime minister. The Supreme War Council developed a German-style general staff system with a chief of staff who had direct access to the emperor and who could operate independently of the army minister and civilian officials.


The Supreme War Council was the "de facto" inner cabinet of Japan prior to and during World War II. During the war, it was in effect the Imperial General Headquarters.

Amongst its members were the following people:
* the Prime Minister
* the Minister of Foreign Affairs
* the Minister of War
* the Minister of the Navy
* the Chief of the Army General Staff and
* the Chief of the Navy General Staff

Membership during World War II

On the eve of the Attack on Pearl Harbor, the Council consisted of:

*Prime Minister: General Hideki Tojo
*Minister of Foreign Affairs: Shigenori Tōgō
*Minister of War: General Hideki Tojo
*Minister of the Navy: Admiral Shimada Shigetaro
*Chief of the Army General Staff: General Sugiyama Hajime
*Chief of the Navy General Staff: Admiral Nagano Osami

At the end of the war on August 14, 1945, it consisted of:

*Prime Minister: Admiral Suzuki Kantaro
*Minister of Foreign Affairs: Togo Shigenori
*Minister of War: General Anami Korechika
*Minister of the Navy: Admiral Yonai Mitsumasa
*Chief of the Army General Staff: General Umezu Yoshijiro
*Chief of the Navy General Staff: Admiral Toyoda Soemu

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ministry of War of Japan — HQ building of the Imperial Japanese Army, Tokyo, from 1937 1945 The Army Ministry of Japan (陸軍省, Rikugunshō …   Wikipedia

  • Supreme Council — may refer to:In culture:* Supreme Council of Antiquities, part of the Egyptian Ministry of Culture * Supreme Council of Ethnikoi Hellenes, an umbrella organisation in Greece established in 1997In Freemasonry: *Supreme Council, the chief governing …   Wikipedia

  • japan — japanner, n. /jeuh pan /, n., adj., v., japanned, japanning. n. 1. any of various hard, durable, black varnishes, originally from Japan, for coating wood, metal, or other surfaces. 2. work varnished and figured in the Japanese manner. 3. Japans,… …   Universalium

  • Japan — /jeuh pan /, n. 1. a constitutional monarchy on a chain of islands off the E coast of Asia: main islands, Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, and Shikoku. 125,716,637; 141,529 sq. mi. (366,560 sq. km). Cap.: Tokyo. Japanese, Nihon, Nippon. 2. Sea of, the… …   Universalium

  • Japan — This article is about the country. For other uses, see Japan (disambiguation) …   Wikipedia

  • Japan Self-Defense Forces — Military of Japan redirects here. For earlier military forces of the country, see Military history of Japan. JSDF redirects here. For other uses, see Japan Social Development Fund. Japan Self Defense Forces 日本国自衛隊 …   Wikipedia

  • Japan — • Called in the language of the country Nihon or Nippon (Land of the Rising Sun), and Dai Nihon or Dai Nippon (Great Japan), situated north west of the Pacific Ocean and east of the Asiatic continent Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006.… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • War against Islam — (also War on Islam, or Attack on Islam) is a critical term used to describe a perceived campaign to harm, weaken or even annihilate the religion of Islam, using military, economic, social and cultural means. The campaign is alleged to be waged by …   Wikipedia

  • War on Terror — This article is about the international military campaign. For the board game, see War on Terror (game). War on Terror …   Wikipedia

  • Council of States of Sudan — Sudan This article is part of the series: Politics and government of Sudan Constitution President Omar al Bashir …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.